mohair


mohair
/moh"hair'/, n.
1. the coat or fleece of an Angora goat.
2. a fabric made of yarn from this fleece, in a plain weave for draperies and in a pile weave for upholstery.
3. a garment made of this fabric.
[1560-70; var. (by folk etym.) of earlier mocayare < It moccaiaro < Ar mukhayyar lit., chosen, choice, ptp. of khayyara to choose]

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fibre
 animal-hair fibre obtained from the Angora goat (see photograph—>) and a significant so-called specialty hair fibre. The word mohair is derived from the Arabic mukhayyar (“goat's hair fabric”), which became mockaire in medieval times. Mohair is one of the oldest textile fibres, produced exclusively in Turkey for thousands of years, achieving importance in European textile manufacture during the 19th century. In the mid-1800s herds of common goats in southern Africa and the southwestern United States were upgraded by the importation of Angora sires.

      The fleece of the Angora goat grows in uniform locks. Annual growth averages about 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm), and the animals are usually clipped twice yearly, each yielding about 5 pounds (2.25 kg) of fleece per clipping. Controlled breeding has eliminated most of the outer protective coat; only a small amount of the undesirable coarse guard hair remains.

      Fleece produced in the United States may be sold on consignment at local warehouses and then shipped to marketing centres in Boston and Philadelphia or may be purchased directly by mills. Istanbul is the main market for Turkish fleece. Mohair from the African continent is exported chiefly to the United Kingdom. Processing—involving the removal of natural grease, dirt, and vegetable matter—eliminates the brownish colour imparted by impurities. Yields of cleaned fleece range from about 70 to 90 percent of the original weight.

      Mohair fibre, like wool, is composed chiefly of the protein substance keratin. Fibre structure is similar to that of wool, although the outer layer, or epidermis, has about half the number of scales found in fine wools. Because the scales lie almost flat, with little overlapping, the fibre surface is fairly smooth. The cortex portion, striated throughout its length, often contains air-filled pockets, and less than 1 percent of the fibres have a central canal, or medulla.

      Mohair fibre is long, lustrous, strong, resilient, and durable. It absorbs and retains moisture much like wool and has good affinity for dyestuffs but is more sensitive to chemicals. It reacts much like wool when subjected to heat, sunlight, moth larvae, and aging. Because of its scale structure, mohair felts less readily than wool.

      Woven mohair fabrics, frequently in pile form, are used for a variety of garments, including outerwear, summer-weight suits, and dresses, and mohair fibre is also used to manufacture knitted goods and knitting yarns. Mohair is often combined with other fibres, either blended in yarns or serving as either the warp or the filling yarn in woven fabric. It has had extensive use in lining fabrics for shaped garments but has recently received competition from synthetic fibres used for that purpose. Mohair pile upholstery fabric, once popular, is now limited to certain upholstery uses requiring both luxury and durability. The demand for mohair in both apparel and home furnishings varies with changes in fashion.

      Turkey, the United States, and southern Africa are the largest producers of mohair. Leading consumers are the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, and Belgium.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mohair — [ mɔɛr ] n. m. • 1860; mot angl.; ar. mukhayyar « choix », par attract. de l angl. hair « poil » → moire ♦ Poil de chèvre angora, long, droit, fin et soyeux, dont on fait des étoffes légères et des laines à tricoter. Pull en mohair. Adjt Laine… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mohair — MOHAÍR, mohairuri, s.n. Păr de capră angora, folosit în industria textilă pentru stofe, covoare, fetru etc.; p. ext. postav sau stofă ţesută din lână amestecată cu păr de capră angora (sau cu fire de mătase). [pr.: ha ir] – Din fr. mohair. Trimis …   Dicționar Român

  • Mohair — Жанр инди рок Годы 2000 2007 Страна …   Википедия

  • Mohair — Sm Angorawolle per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. mohair, dieses aus arab. muḫaiyar Stoff aus Ziegenhaar . Eine ältere Entlehnung ist Macheier (< 16. Jh., mndd. 14. Jh.) ohne englisches Zwischenglied; auch Moor, Mohr… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Mohair — (nach neuer deutscher Rechtschreibung auch Mohär geschrieben) werden die Haare der Angoraziege genannt. Diese Naturfaser ist die spezifisch leichteste Textilfaser. Der Ausdruck „Mohair“ entstammt der arabischen Sprache, in der er einen Stoff aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mohair — (del inglés; pronunciamos moer ) sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Hilo elaborado con pelo de la cabra de Angora, o lana o tejido hechos con estos hilos: una bufanda de mohair. Celia tiene un echarpe de mohair precioso …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Mohair —    Mohair is an animal fiber derived from the hair of the Angora goat, which originated in Turkey several thousands of years ago and today is also farmed in Texas and South Africa. Mohair fiber, which is a long and lustrous fiber, is much… …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • mohair — (n.) 1610s, earlier mocayre, 1560s, fine hair of the Angora goat, also a fabric made from this, from M.Fr. mocayart (16c.), It. mocaiarro, both from Arabic mukhayyar cloth of goat hair, lit. selected, choice, from khayyara he chose. Spelling… …   Etymology dictionary

  • mohair — [mō′her΄] n. [altered (by assoc. with HAIR) < earlier mocayare < OIt mocajarro < Ar mukhayyar, fine cloth, lit., choice < pp. of khayyara, to select] 1. the long, silky hair of the Angora goat 2. yarn, or any of several fabrics for… …   English World dictionary

  • Mohair — Mo hair , n. [F. moire, perh. from Ar. mukhayyar a kind of coarse camelot or haircloth; but prob. fr. L. marmoreus of marble, resembling marble. Cf. {Moire}, {Marble}.] The long silky hair or wool of the Angora goat of Asia Minor; also, a fabric… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mohair — 1) das Haar der Angoraziege od. Kämelhaar, s. Kämelziege; 2) (M. Plüsch), sammetartiges kammwollenes Gewebe: Unterkette aus Leinen od. Baumwolle, Schuß aus Baumwolle, Flor aus Kämelgarn (vgl. Manchester); besitzt mehr Glanz, als der wollene… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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