/maw'gah dee"shooh/, n.a seaport in and the capital of Somalia, in the S part. 400,000. Italian, Mogadiscio /maw'gah dee"shaw/.
* * *City (pop., 1999 est.: metro. area, 1,162,000), capital of Somalia, located north of the Equator on the Indian Ocean.Founded in the 10th century by Arab settlers, it carried on trade with the Arab states and later with the Portuguese. It fell under control of the sultan of Zanzibar in 1871. Italy leased the port in 1892 and purchased it in 1905. Subsequently the capital of Italian Somaliland and of the Somalia trust territory, it became the capital of independent Somalia in 1960. Civil war, beginning in the 1980s, caused widespread destruction in the city.
* * *▪ SomaliaSomali Muqdisho , Italian Mogadiscio , Arabic Maqdishucapital, largest city, and a major port of Somalia, located just north of the Equator on the Indian Ocean. One of the earliest Arab settlements on the East African coast, its origins date to the 10th century. It declined in the 16th century after a period of extensive trade with the Arab states, but it had commercial relations with the Portuguese and the imams of Muscat before coming under the control of the sultan of Zanzibar in 1871.The port was leased to the Italians in 1892 and sold to them in 1905 under pressure from the British, who had established a protectorate over the Sultanate of Zanzibar. Subsequently the capital of Italian Somaliland and of the Somalia trust territory, Mogadishu became the capital of independent Somalia in 1960. Old buildings and mosques in the Islāmic style were blended harmoniously with the modern architecture of the Somalia National University (founded 1954; university status, 1959) and of the hospital. The city also developed schools of Islāmic law, teacher training, industrial arts, public health, and veterinary science and became the seat of the National Museum (housed in the former palace of the sultan of Zanzibar).Mogadishu's port was extended in the late 1960s. There is an international airport 5 miles (8 km) west of Mogadishu. During the 1980s and '90s civil war in Somalia caused widespread destruction in the city, and Mogadishu remained the site of fierce fighting among warring clans into the 21st century. Islamic militias gained control of Mogadishu in 2006, and although hailed by some for restoring order to the city, they were also criticized for their harsh rule. Pop. (2005 est.) urban agglom., 1,320,000.
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Mogadishu — (izg. Mȍgadiš) m glavni grad i luka Somalije, na obali Indijskog oceana … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
Mogadishu — also Mogadiscio Muqdisho the capital, largest city, and main port of Somalia, on the Indian Ocean … Dictionary of contemporary English
Mogadishu — city in Somalia, from Arabic mukaddas holy … Etymology dictionary
Mogadishu — (izg. mȍgadiš) m DEFINICIJA glavni grad i luka Somalije, na obali Indijskog oceana, 700.000 stan … Hrvatski jezični portal
Mogadishu — [mo΄ga di′shōmō΄gä dē′sho͞o] capital of Somalia: seaport on the Indian Ocean: pop. 1,000,000: It. name Mogadiscio [mo΄ga di′shō] … English World dictionary
Mogadishu — For other uses, see Mogadishu (disambiguation). Mogadishu مقديشو Maqadīshū Nickname(s): Xamar,[ … Wikipedia
Mogadishu — Mogadischu Basisdaten Region: Banaadir Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mogadishu — Original name in latin Mogadishu Name in other language Gorad Magadysha, MGQ, Magadiscio, Maqdishu, Mogadiisho, Mogadis, Mogadisas, Mogadischu, Mogadiscio, Mogadish, Mogadisho, Mogadishu, Mogadisjoe, Mogadisju, Mogadisj Mogadiso, Mogadiss,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Mogadishu — Mogadiscio ou Mogadishu V. Muqdisho … Encyclopédie Universelle
Mogadishu — or Mogadiscio geographical name city & port capital of Somalia on Indian Ocean population 349,245 … New Collegiate Dictionary