Mixtec


Mixtec
Mixtecan, adj., n.
/mees"tek/, n., pl. Mixtecs, (esp. collectively) Mixtec for 1.
1. a member of an Amerindian people of Guerrero, Oaxaca, and Puebla, Mexico.
2. the Oto-Manguean language of the Mixtecs, consisting of a number of highly divergent dialects.
Also, Mixteco.
[1840-50; < MexSp mixteco < Nahuatl mixtecah, pl. of MIXTECATL person from Mixtlan (mix(tli) cloud + -tlan locative suffix, -tecatl suffix of personal nouns)]

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Indian population in southern Mexico.

They attained a high degree of civilization in Aztec and pre-Aztec times, leaving behind written records. Today they practice shifting cultivation and also hunt, fish, herd, and gather wild foods. Their crafts include ceramics and weaving. Nominally Roman Catholic and active in church brotherhoods (cofradías), they blend pre-Christian beliefs and practices with Catholic rituals.

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people
      Middle American Indian population living in the northern and western sections of the state of Oaxaca and in neighbouring parts of the states of Guerrero and Puebla in southern Mexico. Historically the Mixtec possessed a high degree of civilization in Aztec and pre-Aztec times.

      The modern Mixtec are primarily farmers who practice slash-and-burn cultivation and use the hoe and digging stick or oxen and the plow. Corn (maize), beans, and squash are the staple crops. Other subsistence activities are hunting, fishing, herding, gathering wild foods, and producing and selling items of woven palm fibre. Settlement patterns vary; there are central villages (which may be vacant except during fiestas or market days, the families living on their farms most of the time), and there are dispersed villages with family groups living scattered over the countryside.

      Weaving (of cloth and palm fibre) and ceramics are common crafts. Dress is largely traditional or semitraditional. Men wear a white cotton shirt and trousers, straw hat, and sandals. Women wear a wraparound skirt, a long tunic (huipil), and a shawl (rebozo). Women generally are barefoot and may go without the huipil, nude above the waist, in the coastal areas.

      Although nominally Christian, most Mixtec believe in an assortment of pre-Christian spirits and deities, and in some areas they worship stone idols representing the rain god. Hills, caves, streams, springs, and swamps may also be sacred. Agricultural rituals and the harvest feast are important, and curanderos (shaman-healers) are common. Christian fiestas and masses for patron saints are also celebrated, with church brotherhoods (cofradías) organizing the festivities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mixtec — [mēs′tek΄] n. pl. Mixtecs or Mixtec 1. a member of an American Indian people living in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla 2. the Mixtecan language of this people …   English World dictionary

  • Mixtec — The Mixtec (or Mixteca) are an indigenous Mesoamerican people inhabiting the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Guerrero and Puebla in a region known as La Mixteca. The Mixtecan languages form an important branch of the Otomanguean linguistic family.The… …   Wikipedia

  • Mixtec — noun (plural Mixtec or Mixtecs) Etymology: American Spanish mixteco, from Nahuatl mixtēcatl, literally, inhabitant of Mixtlan (mountainous area of western Oaxaca), from mix cloud + tēcatl person (from) Date: 1850 1. the language of the Mixtec… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mixtec — [ mɪstɛk] noun (plural same or Mixtecs) 1》 a member of an American Indian people of southern Mexico. 2》 the language of the Mixtec. Origin Sp., from Nahuatl mixtecah person from a cloudy place …   English new terms dictionary

  • Mixtec — /ˈmistɛk/ (say meestek) noun 1. a Native American people living in Mexico. 2. (plural Mixtec or Mixtecs) a member of this people. 3. the language of this people. –Mixtecan, adjective, noun …   Australian English dictionary

  • Mixtec — Mixtèques Répartition historique des Mixtèques Les Mixtèques (prononcer « Michtèques »), étaient un peuple mésoaméricain, dont les descendants vivent encore dans La Mixteca, zone regroupant les actuels États mexicains de Oaxaca,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mixtec — noun a) A Mesoamerican people who lived in southern Mexico before the rise of the Aztecs. b) A surviving descendant of this people …   Wiktionary

  • Mixtec — n. member of the Native American people primarily located in southern Mexico; language of this people …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mixtec — mix·tec …   English syllables

  • Mixtec — Mix•tec [[t]ˈmis tɛk[/t]] n. pl. tecs, (esp. collectively) tec. 1) peo a member of an American Indian people living primarily in N and W Oaxaca in Mexico 2) peo the complex of Otomanguean languages spoken by the Mixtecs • Etymology: 1840–50… …   From formal English to slang


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