Minamata disease


Minamata disease
/min'euh mah"teuh/, Pathol.
a severe form of mercury poisoning, characterized by neurological degeneration.
[after Minamata Bay, Japan, where fish containing alkyl mercury compounds caused the disease in those who ate them during the period 1953-58]

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Disease first identified in 1956 in Minamata, Japan.

A fishing port, Minamata was also the home of Nippon Chisso Hiryo Co., a manufacturer of chemical fertilizer, carbide, and vinyl chloride. Methyl mercury discharged from the factory contaminated fish and shellfish, which in turn caused illness in the local inhabitants who consumed them and birth defects in their children. The sometimes fatal disease was the first whose cause was recognized as industrial pollution of seawater. It aroused worldwide concern and stimulated the development of the environmental movement.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Minamata disease — A disorder caused by methyl mercury poisoning that was first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan and resulted from their eating fish contaminated with mercury industrial waste. The disease is characterized by peripheral sensory… …   Medical dictionary

  • Minamata disease — noun A neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. Syn: Chisso Minamata disease …   Wiktionary

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  • Minamata disease — a form of mercury poisoning (from ingesting methyl mercury in contaminated fish) that caused 43 deaths in the Japanese coastal town of Minamata during 1953–56. The source of mercury was traced to an effluent containing mercuric sulphate from a… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Minamata disease — noun a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s; characterized by severe neurological degeneration • Hypernyms: ↑mercury poisoning …   Useful english dictionary

  • Minamata disease — n. form of mercury poisoning causing degenerative neurological disorder, disease caused by mercury contamination (by eating mercury contaminated seafood) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Minamata disease — mercury poisoning of humans from eating contaminated seafood such as fish …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Minamata disease compensation agreements of 1959 — Main article: Minamata disease The Minamata disease compensation agreements of 1959 were agreed between the polluting Chisso company and representative groups of fishermen and Minamata disease patients who had been affected by mercury pollution.… …   Wikipedia


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