métis


métis
/may tees", -tee"/, n., pl. métis /-tees", -teez"/.
1. any person of mixed ancestry.
2. (cap.) Canadian. the offspring of an American Indian and a white person, esp. one of French ancestry.
Also, metis.
[1810-20; < F, MF < LL mixticius of mixed blood]

* * *

In Canadian history, a person of mixed Indian and French or Scottish ancestry.

The first Métis were the offspring of local Indian women and European fur traders in the Red River area of what is now southern Manitoba. They call themselves the Forgotten People. Their language, Michif, is a French and Cree trade language. Only a small percentage of people can speak Michif, although attempts are being made to preserve it. For more than half a century the Métis cultivated a distinctive way of life and came to think of themselves as a nation. The Métis culture, particularly clothing, artwork, music, and dance, can be characterized as colourful and unique. They resisted the Canadian takeover of the Northwest in 1869, established a provisional government under the leadership of Louis Riel, and in 1870 negotiated a union with Canada that resulted in the establishment of the province of Manitoba. In 2003 Canada granted the Métis legal recognition as a native group, with the same broad hunting rights as full-status Indians. By the early 21st century the estimated number of Métis in western Canada was more than 550,000.

* * *

people
 indigenous nation of Canada that has combined Native American and European cultural practices since at least the 17th century. Their language, Michif, is a French and Cree trade language. The first Métis were the children of indigenous women and European fur traders in the Red River area of what is now the province of Manitoba. They cultivated a distinctive way of life; their culture, particularly their clothing, artwork, music, and dance, can be characterized as colourful and unique.

      The Métis resisted the Canadian takeover of the Northwest in 1869. Fearing the oncoming wave of settlers from Ontario, the Métis established a provisional government under the leadership of Louis Riel (Riel, Louis) (1844–85). In 1870 this government negotiated a union with Canada that resulted in the establishment of the province of Manitoba. In 2003 Canada recognized the Métis as an indigenous group with the same broad rights as other First Nations peoples.

      In the early 21st century the estimated number of Métis was more than 290,000.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • métis — métis …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • métis — métis, isse [ metis ] adj. • mestiz fin XIIe; bas lat. mixticius, du class. mixtus « mélange » 1 ♦ Vx Qui est mélangé; qui est fait moitié d une chose, moitié d une autre. Fer métis, contenant du soufre ou de l arsenic. Mod. Tissu métis, toile… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Metis — (μῆτις) meant cunningness or wisdom, craft, skill in Ancient Greek. Metis may also refer to: Métis people (Canada), a mixed race people of Canada Metis (mythology), a Titaness and the first wife of Zeus Metis (moon), the innermost of Jupiter s… …   Wikipedia

  • métis — 1. (mé tis ) s. f. Terme d astronomie. Planète télescopique découverte en 1848. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Terme grec signifiant prudence. métis, isse 2. (mé tis , ti s ) adj. 1°   Qui est né d un blanc et d une Indienne (d Amérique), ou d un Indien (d… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Metis — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Métis est un terme d ethnologie. La Mètis. Terme équivalent à ruse , utilisé aujourd hui en philosophie, en littérature, en psychanalyse, en tactique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Metis — bezeichnet Métis, Ethnie in Kanada Metiș, Dorf in Rumänien Metis Persianer, sogenannte Halbpersianer (Felle) aus dem Gebiet der Sowjetunion Metis (Mond), innerster Jupitermond Metis (Mythologie), Mutter der Athene in der griechischen Mythologie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • metis — METÍS, Ă, metişi, se, s.m. şi f. 1. Persoană provenită din căsătoriile a doi indivizi de rase diferite. 2. (Şi adj.) Animal sau plantă provenite din încrucişarea a doi indivizi de rase diferite. – Din fr. métis. Trimis de LauraGellner, 29.05.2004 …   Dicționar Român

  • Metiș — Martinsdorf Mártonfalva Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Metis [1] — Metis, 1) Tochter des Okeanos u. der Tethys, Personification der Klugheit; sie gab dem Kronos das Brechmittel, wornach er seine u. der Rhea verschlungenen Kinder wieder von sich gab; sie wurde dann die erste Gemahlin des Zeus u. von demselben… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Metis — METIS, is, Gr. Μῆτις, εος, (⇒ Tab. IV.) des Oceans Tochter, wurde vom Jupiter zuerst zur Gemahlinn genommen, Sie gab darauf dem Saturn eine Arzney ein, von der er alle eingeschluckte Kinder wieder ausspeyen mußte, deren Hülfe sich sodann Jupiter… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Métis —   [me tis, französisch], in Kanada Bezeichnung für Personen mit indianischen und europäischen Vorfahren, 75 150 Métis …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.