Mesquite


Mesquite
/me skeet", mi-/, n.
a city in NE Texas, E of Dallas. 67,053.

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Any of the spiny, deep-rooted shrubs or small trees that make up the genus Prosopis of the pea family (see legume).

Mesquites form extensive thickets in areas from South America to the southwestern U.S. Two races occur: one of tall trees (50 ft [15 m]), the other low and far-reaching, called running mesquite. Water-seeking roots grow as deep as 70 ft (20 m). Stems bear compound olive-green to white hairy leaves, then dense, cream-coloured catkins of flowers, followed by clusters of long, narrow, pale yellow beans. In warmer parts of the U.S., mesquites are considered pests and are eradicated. Cattle eat the beans, which contain a sweet pulp. The wood, formerly used in railroad ties, now has value only for unusual furniture and trinkets and as aromatic firewood.

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      city, Dallas county, northeastern Texas, U.S., adjacent to the city of Dallas (west). It was established in 1873 when the Texas and Pacific Railway acquired land for the town site (named for the mesquite shrubs that once covered the area), built a depot, and offered lots for sale. Until the 1950s Mesquite was primarily an agricultural town, and its population was quite small; after World War II, however, the city grew rapidly as the Dallas–Fort Worth area expanded. The city developed as a residential, industrial, and retail centre with many of its residents employed in Dallas, and it experienced rapid expansion in the second half of the 20th century. Tourist attractions include the Mesquite Championship Rodeo (weekends April through October) and an annual balloon festival, and the city boasts a well-equipped performing arts centre. Mesquite is the seat of Eastfield (community) College (1970). Inc. 1887. Pop. (1990) 101,484; (2000) 124,523.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mesquite — Mesquite, NV U.S. city in Nevada Population (2000): 9389 Housing Units (2000): 4442 Land area (2000): 15.309435 sq. miles (39.651253 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.335395 sq. miles (0.868670 sq. km) Total area (2000): 15.644830 sq. miles (40.519923 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mesquite — Mes*qui te (m[e^]s*k[=e] t[asl]), Mesquit Mes*quit (m[e^]s*k[=e]t ), n. [Sp. mezquite; said to be a Mexican Indian word.] (Bot.) Aany of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the southwestern part of North America belonging to the genus… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mesquite — bezeichnet: Mesquiten, ein Pflanzengattung (Prosopis) Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Mesquite (Kalifornien) Mesquite (Nevada) Mesquite (New Mexico) Mesquite (Borden County, Texas) Mesquite (Dallas County, Texas) Sonstiges: Mesquitewein, einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mesquite, NM — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Mexico Population (2000): 948 Housing Units (2000): 276 Land area (2000): 0.825660 sq. miles (2.138450 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.825660 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mesquite, NV — U.S. city in Nevada Population (2000): 9389 Housing Units (2000): 4442 Land area (2000): 15.309435 sq. miles (39.651253 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.335395 sq. miles (0.868670 sq. km) Total area (2000): 15.644830 sq. miles (40.519923 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mesquite, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 124523 Housing Units (2000): 46245 Land area (2000): 43.415940 sq. miles (112.446764 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.048415 sq. miles (0.125395 sq. km) Total area (2000): 43.464355 sq. miles (112.572159 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • mesquite — type of North American shrub of the pea family, 1759, from Mexican Spanish mezquite, from Nahuatl (Aztec) mizquitl mesquite …   Etymology dictionary

  • mesquite — sustantivo masculino 1. Origen: México, Nicaragua. Mezquite. mezquite o mesquite sustantivo masculino 1. Origen …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Mesquite — [me skēt′] [after the mesquite trees found there] city in NE Tex.: suburb of Dallas: pop. 125,000 …   English World dictionary

  • mesquite — mesquite. m. Méx. mezquite …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mesquite — m. Méx. mezquite …   Diccionario de la lengua española


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