/may ear", muy"euhr/, n.
Golda /gohl"deuh/, (Goldie Mabovitch, Goldie Myerson), 1898-1978, Israeli political leader, born in Russia: prime minister 1969-74.

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(as used in expressions)
Meir Walach
Meir ben Baruch
Meir Golda

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▪ Jewish rabbi and scholar
Hebrew“the Enlightener”
flourished 2nd century AD

      rabbi who was among the greatest of the tannaim (tanna), the group of some 225 masters of the Jewish Oral Law that flourished in Palestine for roughly the first 200 years AD. He continued the work of his teacher, Rabbi Akiba (Akiba ben Joseph), in compiling by subject the Halakhot (laws) that came to be incorporated into the Mishna made by Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi, who took Meïr as his master.

      Meïr was born in Asia Minor, and his real name may have been Nehorai or Mesha. When Rabbi Akiba was killed by the Romans during the persecutions that followed the Bar Kokhba revolt (AD 132–135), Meïr fled Palestine but later returned to the city of Usha. There he helped reestablish the Jewish high court known as the sanhedrin. He also established Jewish academies in other cities. When Simeon, the patriarch of the Sanhedrin, threatened him with excommunication over a question of protocol, Meïr openly defied his authority and then left Palestine to return to Asia Minor.

      He was known for his great dialectical skill in analyzing the pros and cons of a Halakha; the Talmud (Talmud and Midrash) states that he could give 150 reasons to prove a thing clean and 150 to prove it unclean. He is cited by name in the Mishna more than 300 times. He was also renowned as a fabulist, holding his audiences spellbound with his learned lectures enlivened by anecdotes. His wife, Beruriah, is often cited in the Talmud as a model of generosity and faith. During the Middle Ages, legends of Meïr's thaumaturgic powers sprang up, so that he is sometimes known as Baʿal ha-Nes, or Miracle Worker. A tomb marks his reputed burial place in Tiberias (Ṭeverya, Israel).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Meir — ist ein jüdischer Vorname (hebr. erleuchtet), auch Familienname. Den Namen Meir tragen Golda Meir (ursprünglich Golda Meyerson, geb. Mabowitsch; 1898–1978), israelische Politikerin Absalon (Künstler) (* 1964 als Meir Eshel; † 1993), israelischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MEIR — (second century C.E.), tanna, one of the leaders of the post Bar Kokhba generation. Essentially a halakhist, he played a decisive part in the development of the mishnah . His main teacher was akiva , by whom he was apparently ordained (TJ, Sanh.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Meir — (name) is a Jewish given name and surname. Meir can also refer to: In places: Meir Park, Tel Aviv, a public park Meir, Egypt Meir, Staffordshire, England Meire Grove, Minnesota, USA People: Meir Amit (1921–2009), Israeli politician and general… …   Wikipedia

  • Meir KA F.C. — Meir KA Full name Meir KA Football Club Nickname(s) The Kings Founded 1972 …   Wikipedia

  • MEIR (G.) — MEIR GOLDA MYERSON née MABOVITZ ou MABOVITCH dite GOLDA (1898 1978) Née à Kiev (Ukraine), Golda Mabovitch émigre aux États Unis avec sa famille en 1906; celle ci s’établit à Milwaukee, où l’enfant suit l’enseignement du Teacher’s Seminary.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Meir Pa'il — Date of birth 19 June 1926 (1926 06 19) (age 85) Place of birth Jerusalem, Mandate Palestine K …   Wikipedia

  • Meir — Meir, Golda * * * (as used in expressions) Meir Vallaj Meir de Rotenburgo Meir ben Baruch Meir, Golda …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Meir — m Jewish: traditional name, meaning ‘giving light’ in Hebrew. Variants: Meier, Meyer, Myer, Maier, Mayr (generally assimilations to German surname forms) …   First names dictionary

  • Meir — (Golda Mabovitz, M me Meyerson, dite Golda) (1898 1978) femme politique israélienne. Militante du parti sioniste socialiste (Mapaï), ministre de 1949 à 1966, elle fut Premier ministre de 1969 à 1974 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Meir — (izg. mȅjr), Golda (1898 1978) DEFINICIJA izraelska političarka, jedna od ključnih ličnosti u borbi za stvaranje države Izrael, bliska suradnica Ben Guriona; predsjednica vlade (1969 1974) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Meir — [me ir′] Golda [gōl′də] (born Goldie Mabovitch, later Goldie Myerson) 1898 1978; Israeli statesman, born in Russia: prime minister of Israel (1969 74) …   English World dictionary

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