/meuh gid"oh/, n.an ancient city in N Israel, on the plain of Esdraelon: site of many battles; often identified with the Biblical Armageddon.
* * *City, ancient Palestine.It occupied a strategic location at the crossing of military and trade routes; it was also famous as a battlefield and is thought to be the biblical Armageddon. The first town was built early in the 4th millennium BC. It was captured by the Egyptian king Thutmose III с 1468 BC. It later passed to the Israelites, and King Solomon rebuilt it as a military centre. British Gen. Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby defeated Ottoman forces near the site in 1918.
* * *▪ ancient city, Palestinemodern Tel Megiddoimportant town of ancient Palestine, overlooking the Plain of Esdraelon (Valley of Jezreel). It lies about 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Haifa in northern Israel. Megiddo's strategic location at the crossing of two military and trade routes gave the city an importance far beyond its size. It controlled a commonly used pass on the trading route between Egypt and Mesopotamia, and it also stood along the northwest-southeast route that connected the Phoenician cities with Jerusalem and the Jordan River valley. It is thought that the word Armageddon is derived from Megiddo, since the prefix har means “hill” in Hebrew; hence, Armageddon means “Hill of Megiddo.”Excavations of the site were conducted by archaeologists of the Deutsche Orientgesellschaft (1903–05) and of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (1925–39). The excavations have shown that the first town there was built in the early 4th millennium BC. Megiddo was captured by the Egyptian king Thutmose III about 1468. The Israelites eventually took Megiddo, along with other cities of the area, and King Solomon rebuilt the city as a military centre; a number of the stables that have been excavated at Megiddo probably date to this time. A mutilated inscribed stele records the occupation of Megiddo by Sheshonk I, who became king of Egypt about 935 BC. King Ahaziah of Judah died at Megiddo about 842 BC, and King Josiah of Judah also died there (609 BC) while opposing the advance of the Egyptian king Necho II toward Assyria. The last traceable remains at Megiddo are from about 450 BC. Nearly 400 Phoenician ivories have been found at the site, showing influences from various culture areas of the Middle East.In modern times Megiddo gave its name to an important battle won by the British general Edmund Allenby, who commanded the British forces in Palestine during the latter part of World War I. In September 1918, at a number of points near Megiddo, Allenby's cavalry cut off the northward retreat of the Turkish 7th and 8th armies after his infantry had defeated them in the coastal plain. His well-conceived operations led to the final defeat of the Turks in the Middle East.
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Megiddo — Porte cananéenne Localisation Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Megiddo — Megiddo in Hieroglyphen … Deutsch Wikipedia
MEGIDDO — (Heb. מְגִדּוֹ), ancient Canaanite and Israelite city, identified with Tell al Mutasallim on the southern side of the Jezreel Valley, approximately 22 mi. (35 km.) S.E. of Haifa. The site was excavated in 1903–05 by G. Schumacher and in 1925–39… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Megiddo — (Hebrew: מגידו) is a Hebrew place name that can refer to: Tel Megiddo, site of an ancient city in northern Israel s Jezreel valley Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) Battle of Megiddo (609 BC) Battle of Megiddo (1918) Megiddo Airport, a… … Wikipedia
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Megiddo — (a. Geogr.), so v.w. Mageddo … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Megiddo — Megiddo, Stadt im nördl. Palästina, bekannt durch die Niederlage (608 v. Chr.) des Königs Josua von Juda durch Necho II. (2 Kön. 23, 29) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Megiddo — [mə gid′ō] ancient town in N Palestine, on the plain of Esdraelon: thought to be the Biblical Armageddon … English World dictionary
Megiddo — Megịddo, in der Vulgata Mageddo, Stadt im alten Palästina, im Südwesten der Ebene Jesreel. Megiddo, bekannt aus ägyptischen und alttestamentlichen Texten und v. a. wegen seiner strategischen Lage von Bedeutung, wurde um 1468 v. Chr. von… … Universal-Lexikon