megaron

megaron
/meg"euh ron'/, n., pl. megara /-euhr euh/, megarons. (in pre-Hellenic Greek architecture)
a building or semi-independent unit of a building, generally used as a living apartment and typically having a square or broadly rectangular principal chamber with a porch, often of columns in antis, and sometimes an antichamber or other small compartments.
[1875-80; < Gk mégaron (in Homer) the principal living quarters of a palace]

* * *

In ancient Greece and the Middle East, an architectural form consisting of a porch, vestibule, and large hall with a central hearth.

The megaron was found in all Mycenaean palaces and also in houses. It probably originated in the Middle East, later attaining the uniquely Aegean aspect of the open porch supported by columns.

* * *

      in ancient Greece and the Middle East, architectural form consisting of an open porch, a vestibule, and a large hall with a central hearth and a throne. The megaron was found in all Mycenaean palaces and was also built as part of houses. It seemingly originated in the Middle East, attaining a peculiarly Aegean aspect because of its open porch, which was usually supported by columns. Early Greek architecture used the megaron, and it also became an important element in the Classical temple. A typical megaron plan is that of the palace of Nestor at Pylos, where the large main unit apparently served as royal living quarters. It faced onto the usual courtyard, which was entered through a decorative gateway with fluted columns on either side.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • MÉGARON — Grande salle rectangulaire à foyer central circulaire, le mégaron semble avoir été le premier type d’habitation chez les proto hellènes (Mycéniens). Le toit, ouvert au dessus du foyer, était soutenu par quatre colonnes ou par des piliers. Connu… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Megaron — Mégaron Mégaron et salle du trône de Knossos Le mégaron (μέγαρον) est le nom de la pièce principale (parfois unique) des habitations de l âge du bronze, en Grèce et en Anatolie. Elle dispose d un foyer central entouré de deux ou quatre colonnes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • megaron — MEGARÓN s.n. Încăpere principală a casei de locuit în Grecia antică. [< fr. mégaron, gr. megaron]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 02.06.2005. Sursa: DN  MEGARÓN s. n. (în Grecia antică) încăpere principală a casei de locuit, delimitată la intrare de …   Dicționar Român

  • megaron — mȅgarōn m DEFINICIJA arhit. pov. 1. u homersko doba, reprezentativna dvorana grčke kneževske palače 2. antička nastamba u obliku megarona; pačetvorina koja na jednoj, užoj strani ima trijem ETIMOLOGIJA grč. mégaron ≃ mega …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Megăron — (gr.), Männersaal in den alten griechischen. Häusern …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Megăron — (griech.), der Hauptraum des Homerischen Hauses, der Männersaal; später in griechischen Tempeln ein nur für den Priester betretbarer Raum, das Allerheiligste …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Megaron — Plano esquemático del complejo de un megaron. 1: Vestíbulo, 2: Sala principal, 3: Columnas del pórtico y de la sala principal. El Megaron (Μέγαρον, vocablo griego, pero de probable derivación semítica) es el “Gran Salón” que se encontraba en los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Megaron — Als Megaron (griech.) bezeichnet man entweder einen der drei Hauptteile des antiken griechischen Hauses, dessen Funktion als der große Männersaal in späterer Zeit das Andron übernahm, oder einen im östlichen Mittelmeerraum weit verbreiteten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mégaron — Plan synthétique Le mégaron (μέγαρον) est le nom de la pièce principale (parfois unique) des habitations de l âge du bronze, en Grèce et en Anatolie. Elle dispose d un foyer central entouré de deux ou quatre colonnes[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Megaron — This article is about Grecian palace complexes. For the Megaron Mousikis, see Athens Concert Hall. Schematic plan of a megaron complex. 1: anteroom, 2: hall (main room), 3: columns in Porch and hall …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»