megapode


megapode
/meg"euh pohd'/, n.
any of several large-footed, short-winged gallinaceous Australasian birds of the family Megapodiidae, typically building a compostlike mound of decaying vegetation as an incubator for their eggs. Also called brush turkey, moundbird, mound builder, scrub fowl.
[1855-60; < NL Megapodius genus name. See MEGA-, -POD]

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bird
also called  Mound Builder, or Incubator Bird 
 (family Megapodiidae), any of 12 species of Australasian chickenlike birds (order Galliformes) that bury their eggs to hatch them. Most species rely on fermenting plant matter to produce heat for incubation, but some use solar heat and others the heat produced by volcanic action.

      Megapodes are of three kinds: scrub fowl; brush turkeys (not true turkeys); and mallee fowl, or lowan (Leipoa ocellata), which frequent the mallee, or scrub, vegetation of southern interior Australia. The mallee fowl, the best known of the group, is 65 cm (25.5 inches) long and has white-spotted, light brown plumage. The male builds a mound of decaying vegetation, which may require 11 months to construct. The result is a low mound, about 1 m (3 feet) in the ground and up to 4.5 m across, consisting of leaves and twigs soaked with rain and covered with 0.5 m of sandy soil. When the heat of fermentation inside the mound reaches 33° C (91° F), the female lays the first of about 35 eggs in a central chamber. The male maintains a mound temperature astonishingly close to 33° C even in the face of daily and seasonal weather variation. The eggs hatch in seven weeks, and the hatchlings dig upward through the mound and run off on their own. They can fly one or two days after hatching.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Megapode — Meg a*pode (m[e^]g [.a]*p[=o]d), n. [Mega + Gr. poy s, podo s, foot.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of large footed, gallinaceous birds of the genera {Megapodius} and {Leipoa}, inhabiting Australia and other Pacific islands. Called also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mégapode — ● mégapode nom masculin Gros oiseau galliforme des régions tropicales de l Indo Pacifique qui assure l incubation de ses œufs en recourant à la chaleur solaire, volcanique ou à celle provenant de la fermentation contrôlée de substances organiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • megapode — [meg′əpōd΄] n. [see MEGAPOD] any of a family (Megapodiidae) of large footed, ground dwelling gallinaceous birds of Australia and the East Indies that bury their eggs, often in mounds they have built of earth and vegetation …   English World dictionary

  • Megapode — For other uses of the term mound builder , see Mound builder (disambiguation). Megapodiidae Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Mégapode — Megapodiidae Mégapodiidés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • megapode — moundbird moundbird, mound bird mound bird . (Zo[ o]l.) Any of several large footed short winged birds of Australasia, which build mounds of decaying vegetation to incubate eggs. Called also {mound builder}, {mound maker}, {megapode}, {brush… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • megapode — didžiakojės vištos statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Megapodius angl. megapode rus. большеног, m pranc. mégapode, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – didžiakojiniai siauresnis terminas – Bernšteino didžiakojė višta siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • mégapode — didžiakojės vištos statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Megapodius angl. megapode rus. большеног, m pranc. mégapode, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – didžiakojiniai siauresnis terminas – Bernšteino didžiakojė višta siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • megapode — 1. noun Any of several chicken or turkey like birds in the family Megapodiidae, which incubate their eggs by burying them where they receive warmth from decaying vegetation, solar radiation or geothermal heat. Syn: brush turkey, incubator bird,… …   Wiktionary

  • megapode — me·gà·po·de s.m. TS ornit. uccello del sottordine dei Megapodi | pl. con iniz. maiusc., sottordine dell ordine dei Galliformi {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1834. ETIMO: dal lat. scient. Megapodii, vd. mega e pode …   Dizionario italiano


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