/meuh zerr"keuh, -zoor"-/, n.
1. a lively Polish dance in moderately quick triple meter.
2. music for, or in the rhythm of, this dance.
Also, mazourka.
[1810-20; < Pol, equiv. to Mazur Mazovia (district in northern Poland) + -ka n. suffix]

* * *

Polish folk dance in 34time for a circle of couples, characterized by stamping feet and clicking heels, traditionally danced to the music of bagpipes.

Originating in Masuria (northeastern Poland) in the 16th century, it became popular at the Polish court and spread to Russia and Germany, reaching England and France by the 1830s. The 50 piano mazurkas by Frédéric Chopin reflected and extended the dance's popularity. It had no set figures and allowed improvisation among its more than 50 different steps.

* * *

Polish  mazurek 
 Polish folk dance for a circle of couples, characterized by stamping feet and clicking heels and traditionally danced to the music of bagpipes. The music is in 3/4 time with a forceful accent on the second beat. The dance, highly improvisatory, has no set figures, and more than 50 different steps exist.

      The mazurka originated in the 16th century among the Mazurs of east-central Poland and was quickly adopted at the Polish court, yet it remained a peasant dance. It eventually spread to Russian and German ballrooms and by the 1830s had reached England and France. As a ballroom dance intended for four or eight couples or for single couples, the mazurka retains room for improvisation. The volume of mazurkas for piano composed by Frédéric Chopin (Chopin, Frédéric) (1810–49) reflects the dance's popularity in his day. The varsoviana is a 19th-century couple dance that evolved from a simple mazurka step. The smooth kujawiak and the energetic oberek are Polish dances that are closely related to the mazurka.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MAZURKA — Danse populaire polonaise, d’allure aristocratique et chevaleresque, connue dès le XVIe siècle dans la province de Mazurie, et toujours pratiquée en Europe centrale. La mazurka est une danse à rythme ternaire (3/4), de tempo modéré nettement plus …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mazurka — lively dance, also mazourka, 1818, from Rus. mazurka, from Pol. mazurek dance of the Mazur, a reference to inhabitants of Mazowsze (M.L. Mazovia), ancient region in central Poland. The Polish accusative in tanczyc mazurka to dance the mazurek was …   Etymology dictionary

  • màzūrka — (mazȗrka) ž 〈G mn ī〉 glazb. 1. {{001f}}poljski narodni ples u tročetvrtinskom taktu 2. {{001f}}društveni ples, u modi osobito u 19. st. ✧ {{001f}}polj …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • mazurka — màzūrka (mazȗrka) ž <G mn ī> DEFINICIJA glazb. 1. poljski narodni ples u tročetvrtinskom taktu 2. društveni ples, u modi osobito u 19. st. ONOMASTIKA pr. (nadimačka ili kao oznaka podrijetla iz Mazurije): Màzūr (190, Osijek, Ivanić Grad,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • mazurka — mazùrka dkt. Mazùrka fortepijõnui …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • mazurka — or mazourka [mə zʉr′kə, məzoor′kə] n. [Pol mazurka, woman from Mazovia (or Masovia), region of central Poland] 1. a lively Polish folk dance 2. music for this, generally in 3/4 or 3/8 time …   English World dictionary

  • Mazurka — Mazurka, s. Masurka …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mazurka — Mazurka, s. Masurka …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • mazurka — ► NOUN ▪ a lively Polish dance in triple time. ORIGIN Polish, referring to a woman from the province of Mazovia …   English terms dictionary

  • Mazurka — For the film, see Mazurka (film). Mazurka rhythm.[1] The mazurka (in Polish, mazurek) is a Polish folk dance in triple meter, usually at a lively tempo, and with …   Wikipedia

  • Mazurka — Darstellung einer Mazurka aus dem Journal des Demoiselles, 1845 Die Mazurka ist ein aus Polen stammender stilisierter Tanz im mäßig langsamen bis sehr raschen Dreiertakt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Name …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.