mayor


mayor
mayoral, adj.mayorship, n.
/may"euhr, mair/, n.
1. the chief executive official, usually elected, of a city, village, or town.
2. the chief magistrate of a city or borough.
[1250-1300; < ML major MAJOR; r. ME mer, mair < OF maire]

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Political leader of a municipal corporation.

Mayors are either appointed or elected for a limited term. In Europe until the mid-19th century, most mayors were appointed by the central government; in France, they are still agents of the central government. In the U.S., they are either directly elected by the populace or chosen by an elected council. Some fulfill only ceremonial functions, executive power being held by a professional manager hired by the legislature. A mayor's powers may include the power to make appointments, veto legislation, administer budgets, and manage administrative functions. See also city government.

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      in modern usage, the head of a municipal government. As such, the mayor is almost invariably the chairman of the municipal council and of the council executive committee. In addition he may fulfill the roles of chief executive officer, ceremonial figurehead, and local agent of the central government. In another, more recent, system of municipal management—the council-manager system—the mayor's role is much reduced; he serves essentially only as head of the council. Whatever the form of local government, the mayor's role may be said to rest largely on his relationship to the council and to the central government.

      Mayors are either appointed or elected. In Europe, until about the middle of the 19th century, most mayors were appointed by the central government. With the rise of representative government, more and more countries adopted the practice of electing the mayor. This practice takes a variety of forms. In most European countries the mayor is elected by the local council from among its members; usually he is the leader of the majority party or of one of the largest parties. In Switzerland, Canada, New Zealand, the Philippines, and Japan, most mayors are popularly elected.

      In countries where the mayor is an agent of the central government, as in France, the mayor is usually the actual as well as the nominal head of the local government. In other words, his position is generally determined by the central government, and he has much greater executive powers than the council. As an agent of the central government, the mayor is the mainspring of the municipal administration and the focal point of policy.

      With the development of popularly elected municipal councils, most mayors have taken on a dual role, serving not only as chief executive officer of the municipal administration but also as agents of the central government charged with such functions as maintaining public order, security, and health.

      In the United States the central government never did control the cities directly and mayors were either elected by the populace at large or chosen by a city council whose members were also so elected. Among the reform measures of the early 20th century was the so-called council-manager system, in which the mayor, whether chosen by the council or by the electorate at large, merely presided over the council while most executive powers were exercised by a city manager (q.v.) hired by the council.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mayor — (Del lat. maior, ōris). 1. adj. comp. de grande. Que excede a algo en cantidad o calidad. 2. Dicho de una persona: Que excede en edad a otra. Hermana mayor. [m6]Marta es mayor que Juan. 3. Dicho de una persona: Entrada en años, de edad avanzada.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • mayor — adjetivo 1. (comparativo de grande ) Que tiene más cantidad, calidad o dimensión que otro de su misma especie: Este gato es mayor que ése. Tu niña es mayor que la mía. 2. (superlativo, precedido de artículo o adjetivo posesivo) El más grande: La… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • mayor — 1. Adjetivo comparativo de grande. → grande, 2.1. 2. Dentro del campo de la edad, mayor funciona como adjetivo no comparativo con los valores siguientes: a) ‘De no poca edad’. Se opone a pequeño: «Los cambios [...] son más fáciles para los niños… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Mayor — bezeichnet in englischsprachigen Ländern den Bürgermeister oder Lord Mayor einen Major als einen militärischen Dienstgrad in verschiedenen Ländern. Mayor ist der Name folgender Personen: Federico Mayor Zaragoza (* 1934), spanischer Biologe und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mayor — may or, n. [OE. maire, F. maire, fr. L. major greater, higher, nobler, compar. of magnus great; cf. Sp. mayor. See {Major}, and cf. {Merino}.] The chief magistrate of a city or borough; the chief administrative officer of a municipal corporation …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mayor — (engl., spr. mǟ r), in England, Irland und den Vereinigten Staaten der Bürgermeister einer Stadt, der aus den Mitgliedern des Stadtrats mit Stimmenmehrheit auf ein Jahr gewählt wird und zugleich die polizeiliche Gewalt ausübt. In London, Dublin,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • mayor — [meə US ˈmeıər] n [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: maire, from Latin major; MAJOR1] 1.) the person who has been elected to lead the government of a town or city ▪ the election of the London mayor 2.) someone who is chosen or elected each… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mayor [1] — Mayor (spr. Meh r), in England, Irland u. den Vereinigten Staaten in Nordamerika die oberste Magistratsperson einer Stadt, Bürgermeister …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mayor [2] — Mayor (Isla M.), Insel an der Küste der spanischen Provinz Sevilla, gebildet durch die Mündung des Guadalquivir …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mayor — (spr. mēĕr), in Großbritannien (in London, Dublin und York Lord M.) und Nordamerika die oberste Magistratsperson einer Stadt, Bürgermeister …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mayor — (Mehörr), in England und Nordamerika der Bürgermeister einer Stadt; der von London, York u. Dublin führt den Titel: Lord M …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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