Matterhorn


Matterhorn
/mat"euhr hawrn'/, n.
a mountain on the border of Switzerland and Italy, in the Pennine Alps. 14,780 ft. (4505 m). French, Mont Cervin.

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French Mont Cervin Italian Monte Cervino

Mountain in the Alps, on the border between Italy and Switzerland.

Rising to 14,692 ft (4,478 m), it appears from the Swiss side to be an isolated peak, but it is actually the end of a ridge. The Italian slope is more difficult to climb than the Swiss slope. It was first scaled on July 14, 1865, by British explorer Edward Whymper, who ascended the Swiss side. Three days later Giovanni A. Carrel led an Italian group in the first ascent from the Italian side.

The Matterhorn reflected in one of the Riffel lakes, Switzerland

Ewing Galloway

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French  Mont Cervin , Italian  Monte Cervino 
 one of the best-known mountains (14,692 feet [4,478 metres]) in the Alps, straddling the frontier between Switzerland and Italy, 6 miles (10 km) southwest of the village of Zermatt, Switzerland. Though from the Swiss side it appears to be an isolated horn-shaped peak, it is actually the butt end of a ridge; the Swiss slope is not nearly as steep or as difficult to climb as the grand terraced walls of the Italian slope.

 After a number of attempts, chiefly on the Italian side, the Matterhorn was first conquered from the Swiss arête on July 14, 1865, by the British explorer Edward Whymper (Whymper, Edward), but four of his party fell to their deaths on the descent. Three days later it was scaled from the Italian side by a party of men from the village of Valtournanche, Italy, led by the Italian guide Giovanni Antonio Carrel. It is frequently ascended in summer, especially from Zermatt, the town for which the peak was named.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Matterhorn — prop. n. A mountain in Italy and Switzerland, 14,690 feet high. Note: According to WordNet, 14,780 feet high [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Matterhorn — (Mont Cervin), Bergrücken zwischen dem Matterthale im Bezirk Visp (Schweizercanton Wallis) u. dem piemontesischen Tournanchethal, stößt östlich an den Weißgrat u. westlich an das Breithorn, hat zwei Gletscher, von denen jeder drei Stunden lang… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Matterhorn — (franz. Mont Cervin, ital. Monte Cervino), Gipfel im Hauptzuge der Penninischen Alpen, eine schlanke, aus Gneis bestehende Felsenpyramide von 4482 m Höhe, die auf der Grenze zwischen der Schweiz und Italien, westlich vom Monte Rosa, emporragt,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Matterhorn — Matterhorn, frz. Mont Cervin, ital. Monte Cervino, Gipfel der Penninischen Alpen, an der Grenze von Wallis und Piemont, 4505 m; von dem romantischen Mattertal (oberer Teil des Visptals, mit dem Dorfe Zermatt) führt der Theodulpaß über das… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Matterhorn — (Mont Cervin), Berg zwischen Wallis und Piemont, 13500 hoch; über das Matterjoch führt ein selten gangbarer Weg von 9950 Höhe …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Matterhorn — V. Cervin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Matterhorn — Alpine mountain, from Ger. Matte meadow, pastureland (see MEAD (Cf. mead) (2)) + Horn (see HORN (Cf. horn) (n.)). So called for its horn like shape …   Etymology dictionary

  • Matterhorn — [mat′ər hôrn΄] mountain of the Pennine Alps, on the Swiss Italian border: c. 14,700 ft (4,481 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Matterhorn — Monte Cervino redirects here. For other uses, see Cervino (disambiguation). For other uses, see Matterhorn (disambiguation). Matterhorn Monte Cervino T …   Wikipedia

  • Matterhorn — pd5 Matterhorn Ost und Nordwand des Matterhorns, an der Licht /Schattengrenze der Hörnl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matterhorn — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Matterhorn désigne deux montagnes : Le Cervin en Suisse, dont c est le nom allemand. Le Matterhorn Peak en Californie, qui a inspiré le nom de l… …   Wikipédia en Français