massage

massage
massager, massagist, n.
/meuh sahzh", -sahj"/ or, esp. Brit., /mas"ahzh/, n., v., massaged, massaging.
n.
1. the act or art of treating the body by rubbing, kneading, patting, or the like, to stimulate circulation, increase suppleness, relieve tension, etc.
2. Slang. attentive or indulgent treatment; pampering: ego massage.
v.t.
3. to treat by massage.
4. Slang. to treat with special care and attention; coddle or pamper: The store massages its regular customers with gifts and private sales.
5. Informal.
a. to manipulate, maneuver, or handle skillfully: to massage a bill through the Senate.
b. to manipulate, organize, or rearrange (data, figures, or the like) to produce a specific result, esp. a favorable one: The auditors discovered that the company had massaged the books.
[1875-80; < F, equiv. to mass(er) to massage ( < Ar massa to handle) + -age -AGE]

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Systematic, scientific manipulation of body tissues with the hands to relieve pain and reduce swelling, relax muscles, and speed healing after strains and sprains.

It has been used for more than 3,000 years by the Chinese. Early in the 19th century, the Swedish physician Per Henrik Ling (1776–1839) devised a massage system for joint and muscle ailments, which was later extended to relieve deformities of arthritis and re-educate muscles following paralysis. Manipulations include light or hard stroking, compression (kneading, squeezing, and friction), and percussion (striking with the edges of the hands in rapid alternation). In acupressure, a style of massage derived from China, pressure is exerted on Chinese acupuncture points for healing effects. See also physical medicine and rehabilitation.

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      in medicine, systematic and scientific manipulation of body tissues, performed with the hands for therapeutic (therapeutics) effect on the nervous and muscular systems and on systemic circulation. It was used more than 3,000 years ago by the Chinese. Later, the Greek physician Hippocrates used friction in the treatment of sprains and dislocations and kneading to treat constipation. Early in the 19th century, Per Henrik Ling, a doctor in Stockholm, devised a system of massage to treat ailments involving joints and muscles. Others later extended the treatment to relieve deformities of arthritis and re-educate muscles following paralysis.

      Massage is used to relieve pain and reduce swelling, to relax muscles, and to speed the healing process following strain and sprain injuries. Massage, however, cannot prevent loss of muscle strength nor reduce fat deposits.

      There are three forms of hand manipulation employed in therapeutic massage. They are: light or hard stroking (effleurage), which relaxes muscles and improves circulation to the small surface blood vessels and is thought to increase the flow of blood toward the heart; compression (petrissage), which includes kneading, squeezing, and friction and is useful in stretching scar tissue, muscles, and tendons so that movement is easier; and percussion (tapotement), in which the sides of the hands are used to strike the surface of the skin in rapid succession to improve circulation. See also physical medicine and rehabilitation.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Massage — (de) …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • Massage — therapy Massage in Frankfurt, Germany. Complementary and alternative medicine Classifications NCCAM Manipulative and body based methods …   Wikipedia

  • massage — [ masaʒ ] n. m. • 1812; de 2. masser ♦ Action de masser. Massage avec les mains, avec des instruments. Manœuvres de massage : claquement, effleurage, friction, hachure, percussion, pétrissage, pincement, pression, tapotement, vibration. Massage… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • massage — Massage, the physical manipulation of the surface of the body to relieve illness or discomfort, is one of the unique therapeutic methods of Chinese medicine. Although widely accepted as a popular means of health maintenance, massage is a… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Massage — Mas sage, v. t. (Med.) To treat by means of massage; to rub or knead; as, to massage a patient with ointment. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • massage — [mə säzh′, məsäj′] n. [Fr < masser, to massage < Ar massa, to touch] a rubbing, kneading, etc. of part of the body, usually with the hands, as to stimulate circulation and make muscles or joints supple, relieve tension, etc. vt. massaged,… …   English World dictionary

  • Massage — [...a̱s̶c̶h̶e; aus gleichbed. frz. massage] w; , n: kräftigende Behandlung des Körpers oder eines Körperteils durch bestimmte Handgriffe wie Kneten, Streichen, Klopfen u.Massageä. oder durch mechanische, von entsprechenden Apparaten erzeugte… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • massage — [n] kneading of body parts back rub, beating, chirapsia, manipulation, rolfing*, rubbing, rubbing down, stroking; concepts 308,310 massage [v] knead body parts caress, manipulate, pat, press, push, rolf*, rub, rub down, stimulate, stroke;… …   New thesaurus

  • Massage — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] Bsp.: • Möchtest du eine entspannende Massage? …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • massage — ► NOUN ▪ the rubbing and kneading of parts of the body with the hands to relieve tension or pain. ► VERB 1) give a massage to. 2) manipulate (figures) to give a more acceptable result. 3) gently flatter (someone s ego). ORIGIN French, probably… …   English terms dictionary

  • Massage — Mas sage, n. [F.] A rubbing or kneading of the body, especially when performed as a hygienic or remedial measure. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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