Marietta


Marietta
/mair'ee et"euh/, n.
1. a city in NW Georgia. 30,805.
2. a city in SE Ohio, on the Ohio River. 16,467.
3. a female given name, form of Mary.

* * *

      city, seat (1834) of Cobb county, northwestern Georgia, U.S. It lies about 20 miles (30 km) northwest of Atlanta, in the Blue Ridge foothills. A settlement is thought to have existed on the site in the 1820s. The town was probably named for the wife of prominent jurist and legislator Thomas W. Cobb. Its growth was stimulated in the 1840s by the arrival of the Western and Atlantic Railroad.

      During the American Civil War (United States) a major battle was fought at Kennesaw Mountain (June 27, 1864), just west of Marietta. The city was subsequently occupied by Union troops, who burned the city as they departed in November. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, established in 1917 and occupying 4.5 square miles (11.7 square km), preserves the site, and thousands of soldiers are buried in the Marietta National and Confederate cemeteries.

      The city's industrial development was boosted in 1942 with the opening of a B-29 bomber (B-29) plant (reactivated in 1951 by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation for jet aircraft production). The city is the seat of Kennesaw State University (1963) and Southern Polytechnic State University (1948). Dobbins Air Reserve Base is adjacent to the Lockheed Martin (Lockheed Martin Corporation) plant. Inc. village, 1834; city, 1852. Pop. (1990) 44,129; (2000) 58,748.

      city, seat (1788) of Washington county, southeastern Ohio, U.S. It lies at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, opposite Williamstown, W.Va. Shortly after the construction (1785) there of Fort Harmar, Manasseh Cutler, the American Revolutionary War general Rufus Putnam (Putnam, Rufus), and their pioneer group, the Ohio Company of Associates, made the first permanent white settlement in Ohio (April 7, 1788); it was named to honour Queen Marie Antoinette of France. On July 15, 1788, Gen. Arthur St. Clair was installed there as the first governor of the Northwest Territory, of which Marietta became the first capital.

      The city is now an important agricultural centre with some diversified industrial development; manufactures include chemicals (especially plastics), metal alloys, and laboratory and office equipment. Marietta College was established in 1835. Washington State Community College (1971) is located in the city. The Campus Martius Museum of the Northwest Territory includes the restored home of Putnam and the Ohio Company Land Office (1788); the Ohio River Museum is close by. Portions of Wayne National Forest surround Marietta. Statesman and former U.S. vice president Charles G. Dawes and social activist Frances Dana Barker Gage were Marietta natives. Inc. 1800. Pop. (2000) city, 14,515; Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna MSA, 164,624; (2005 est.) city, 14,270; Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna MSA, 162,529.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marietta — may refer to: Places Marietta, Georgia, a suburban city located in Atlanta Metropolitan Area Marietta, Illinois Marietta, Indiana Marietta, Minnesota Marietta, Mississippi Marietta, New York Marietta, North Carolina Marietta, Ohio Marietta,… …   Wikipedia

  • Marietta — Marietta, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 164 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 1.124207 sq. miles (2.911682 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.124207 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta — ist ein weiblicher Vorname, ein Diminutiv von Maria. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Namensträger 4 Varianten 5 Städte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marietta — puede referirse a varias localidades de Estados Unidos: Marietta (Georgia) Marietta (Illinois) Marietta (Minnesota) Marietta (Misisipi) Marietta (Carolina del Norte) Marietta (Ohio) Marietta (Pensilvania) Marietta (Texas) Slater Marietta …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marietta, WA — Marietta Alderwood, WA U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 3594 Housing Units (2000): 1606 Land area (2000): 5.974276 sq. miles (15.473302 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.445970 sq. miles (3.745045 sq. km) Total area (2000) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 58748 Housing Units (2000): 25227 Land area (2000): 21.887413 sq. miles (56.688137 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.059488 sq. miles (0.154074 sq. km) Total area (2000): 21.946901 sq. miles (56.842211 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 150 Housing Units (2000): 59 Land area (2000): 0.269280 sq. miles (0.697433 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.269280 sq. miles (0.697433 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 174 Housing Units (2000): 109 Land area (2000): 0.390811 sq. miles (1.012196 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.390811 sq. miles (1.012196 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta, MS — U.S. town in Mississippi Population (2000): 248 Housing Units (2000): 111 Land area (2000): 1.780831 sq. miles (4.612331 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.780831 sq. miles (4.612331 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 164 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 1.124207 sq. miles (2.911682 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.124207 sq. miles (2.911682 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marietta, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 14515 Housing Units (2000): 6609 Land area (2000): 8.308510 sq. miles (21.518942 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.263763 sq. miles (0.683143 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.572273 sq. miles (22.202085 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.