Marie de France


Marie de France
/mann rddee" deuh frddahonns"/
fl. 12th century, French poet in England.

* * *

flourished 12th century

French poet, the earliest known woman poet of France.

She wrote verse narratives on romantic and magical themes and may have inspired the musical lais of the later troubadours. She probably wrote in England and may have based her fables on an English source; her verses were dedicated to a "noble" king, either Henry II of England or his son. She also wrote a collection of fables, the Ysopet.

* * *

▪ French poet
flourished 12th century

      earliest known French woman poet, creator of verse narratives on romantic and magical themes that perhaps inspired the musical lais (lai) of the later trouvères, and author of Aesopic and other fables (fable), called Ysopets (Ysopet). Her works, of considerable charm and talent, were probably written in England. What little is known about her is taken or inferred from her writings and from a possible allusion or two in contemporary authors.

      From a line in the epilogue to her fables, Claude Fauchet (1581) drew the name by which she has since been known. The same epilogue states that her fables were translated from, or based on, an English source for a Count William, usually identified as William Longsword, Earl of Salisbury, or sometimes as William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke. Her lais were dedicated to a “noble” king, presumably Henry II of England, though it is sometimes thought that this was Henry's son, the Young King. Her version of L'Espurgatoire Seint Patriz (“St. Patrick's Purgatory”) was based on the Latin text (c. 1185) of Henry of Saltrey. Every conjecture about her has been hotly debated.

      Her lais varied in length from the 118 lines of Chevrefoil (“The Honeysuckle”), an episode in the Tristan story, to the 1,184 lines of Eliduc, a story of the devotion of a first wife whose husband brings a second wife from overseas.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marie de France — (* um 1135 in der Region Île de France; † um 1200 vermutlich in England) war eine französischsprachige Dichterin. Marie ist die erste bekannte Autorin der französischen Literatur, doch hat man keinerlei Informationen über ihre Person außer ihrer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marie De France — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Marie de France est une poétesse médiévale ; Ce nom est aussi donné à plusieurs princesses ou dames françaises issues de différentes branches… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marie de france — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Marie de France est une poétesse médiévale ; Ce nom est aussi donné à plusieurs princesses ou dames françaises issues de différentes branches… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marie de France — • Twelfth century French poetess Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Marie de France     Marie de France     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • MARIE DE FRANCE — (1154 1189) Trois œuvres littéraires en français de la seconde moitié du XIIe siècle, un recueil de lais narratifs, un recueil de fables et une traduction du Purgatoire de saint Patrice sont signés du nom de Marie. S’agit il dans les trois cas de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marie de France —   [ma ri də frãs], französische Dichterin der 2. Hälfte des 12. Jahrhunderts, älteste namentlich bekannte französische Dichterin überhaupt. Einzelheiten über ihre Biographie und die Datierung ihrer Werke sind jedoch hypothetisch. Wahrscheinlich… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Marie de France — (spr. marï d frāngß ), älteste franz. Dichterin, aus Ile de France gebürtig, dann in England lebend, wo sie zu Heinrich II. in Beziehung stand. Ihm widmete sie ihre Lais, eine Sammlung von Versnovellen, die voll Innigkeit und Lebenswärme und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marie de France — (spr. marih dĕ frangß), älteste franz. Dichterin, lebte in England in der zweiten Hälfte des 12. Jahrh., verfaßte epische Lais (neu hg. 1885), die Fabelsammlung »Ysopet« (neu hg. 1898) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marie de France — For the two French princess Marie, see Marie of France, Countess of Champagne and Marie of France, Duchess of Brabant. Marie de France Marie de France from an illuminated manuscript Born Brittany …   Wikipedia

  • Marie de France — (ca. late 12th–early 13th centuries)    The author known as Marie de France was one of the first highly educated women writers; she lived and wrote in England in the late 12th century. The royal court at the time was Anglo Norman, as was the… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Marie de France — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Marie de France une poétesse médiévale ; Ce nom est aussi donné à plusieurs princesses ou dames françaises issues de différentes branches (Capétiens… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.