mariachi


mariachi
/mahr'ee ah"chee/; Sp. /mah rddyah"chee/, adj., n., pl. mariachis /-cheez/; Sp. /-chees/.
adj.
1. pertaining to traditional Mexican dance music, usually played by a small band of strolling musicians dressed in native costumes.
n.
2. a member of such a band.
3. the music played by such a band.
[1940-45; < MexSp mariache, mariachi, perh. < F mariage MARRIAGE; the music is said to have been played at weddings in the state of Jalisco, where it originated]

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Traditional Mexican street ensemble.

In the 19th century, mariachis consisted solely of stringed instruments, including violin, guitar, guitarrón, vihuela, mandolin, and double bass; since the 1920s they have generally included trumpets and often other wind instruments as well. The mariachi repertoire includes songs and lively dance music.

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music
      Mexican string orchestra composed of 3 to 12 performers playing a variety of stringed and brass instruments. (In addition to referring to an ensemble, the term mariachi is also used for the individual performer of mariachi music or for the music itself.) Mariachi has long been considered a uniquely Mexican sound, representing a homegrown tradition that embraces both indigenous and foreign elements.

      The mariachi orchestra emerged in the late 1700s or early 1800s in west-central Mexico. The word itself may have come from the now-extinct language of the Coca Indians, but both the word's etymology and the early history of the form and its followers are unknown. The typical instruments of contemporary mariachi include the vihuela, a type of guitar having six double courses of strings, popular in the Spanish Renaissance; the guitarrón, a large, fretless six-string bass guitar; and a standard five-string guitar. Violins and trumpets, which usually play the melody, are later additions, and they are now more or less essential elements. Mariachi music initially consisted of local or regional sones (instrumental music), but, early on, performances began to include vocal elements.

      Early mariachis dressed in peasant garb (usually white), though since the early 1900s male mariachi bands typically have worn traje de charro, the attire of the cowboys of Jalisco—matching uniforms with tight, ornamented trousers, boots, wide bow ties, sombreros, and short jackets. The traditional ensemble was all-male, but since the 1940s women have played an increasing role in mariachi performance—to the degree that the by the late 1990s there were a number of all-female mariachi groups.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mariachi — Mariachi …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Mariachi — Orígenes musicales son jalisciense, sonecitos del país, canció …   Wikipedia Español

  • mariachi — ‘Música y baile populares mexicanos’, ‘conjunto de músicos que interpretan esta música vestidos a la usanza charra’ y, también, ‘cada uno de estos músicos’: «La música mexicana, en especial el mariachi, gusta mucho en España» (Excélsior [Méx.] 20 …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Mariachi —   [spanisch/mexikanisch, marɪ atʃɪ], charakteristisches mexikanisches Instrumentalensemble. Der Name könnte als Verkleinerungsform von »Maria« ( chi; mexikanische Dialektbildung) entstanden oder vom französischen »mariage« (=Hochzeit, Heirat)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • mariachi — o mariachis sustantivo masculino 1. Música y baile populares mexicanos de ritmo muy alegre y bullicioso: Tocaremos un mariachi para que lo bailen nuestros invitados. 2. Orquesta formada por violines, trompetas, guitarras e instrumentos populares… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • mariachi — [MARIÁCI] s. m. (în Mexic) muzician ambulant care se produce la festivităţi, la nunţi etc. (< sp. mariachi) Trimis de raduborza, 10.05.2008. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • mariachi — ● mariachi nom masculin (de mariage) Au Mexique, nom donné à des musiciens ambulants vêtus de costumes de fantaisie, qui jouent, en groupes, lors des mariages, des festivités …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mariachi — Mexican strolling musical band, 1941, from Mexican Spanish, from Fr. mariage marriage (see MARRIAGE (Cf. marriage)), so called because such bands performed at wedding celebrations. As an adjective by 1967 …   Etymology dictionary

  • mariachi — o mariachis (Del fr. mariage, matrimonio). 1. m. Música y baile populares mexicanos procedentes del Estado de Jalisco. 2. Orquesta popular mexicana que interpreta esta música. 3. Cada uno de los componentes de esta orquesta. 4. Conjunto… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • mariachi — ☆ mariachi [mär΄ē ä′chē ] n. pl. mariachis [MexSp < Fr mariage (see MARRIAGE): from providing music at wedding celebrations] 1. a member of a strolling band of musicians in Mexico 2. such a band 3. their music …   English World dictionary

  • Mariachi — Eine Mariachigruppe beim Mariachifestival von Guadalajara. Mariachi ist die Bezeichnung für eine typisch mexikanische Musikformation aus dem Bundesstaat Jalisco und ihre Musiker. Die Mariachi Musik ist dennoch nur eine der vielen Facetten der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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