Maracay


Maracay
/mah'rddah kuy"/, n.
a city in NE Venezuela, SW of Caracas. 255,134.

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      city, capital of Aragua estado (state), northern Venezuela. It is situated in the central highlands 1,500 feet (460 m) above sea level and 70 miles (110 km) southwest of Caracas. The settlement was named for Araguas Indian cacique (chief) Maracay and has roots in the mid-16th century, although 1701 is generally acknowledged to be the founding date of the city. Successful cultivation of indigo from the 1740s made the village into an important agricultural and commercial centre; other crops include coffee, wheat, cotton, cacao, and tobacco. The rich lands in the area were prizes of war for 19th- and 20th-century political leaders.

      Maracay rose to fame when the dictator Juan Vicente Gómez (Gómez, Juan Vicente) was determined to make the city the cultural and social centre of the country. During his long reign (1908–35), Gómez initiated the construction of a number of projects, including a bullring (an exact replica of the Sevilla bullring), airports, and an opera house. In addition to being a commercial centre for the agricultural and pastoral hinterland, Maracay has become a major industrial centre and one of Venezuela's largest cities. Textiles, sugar, paper, rayon, rubber, foodstuffs, and cement are the principal manufactures. Maracay lies on the Pan-American Highway and has excellent transport facilities. Pop. (2001) 394,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maracay — Maracay …   Wikipedia

  • Maracay — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maracay — Maracay, conocida también como la Ciudad Jardín, es la capital del estado Aragua (Venezuela), a las orillas del Lago de Valencia en la Cordillera de La Costa. Maracay debe su nombre al aguerrido Cacique Maracay (palabra caribe que significa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maracay —   [ kai̯], Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Aragua, Venezuela, 445 m über dem Meeresspiegel in einem Becken der Küstenkordillere, am Lago de Valencia, 459 000 Einwohner, als Groß Maracay 956 700 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; landwirtschaftliches und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Maracay — (spr. Marasä), Stadt in der Provinz Caracas der Republik Venezuela; 8300 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Maracay — Maracay, Stadt von 4000 Einw. im Staat Miranda von Venezuela, 440 m ü. M., nahe dem Nordostufer des Valenciasees, durch Eisenbahn mit Carácas und Valencia verbunden, in ungemein fruchtbarer Gegend, mit schloßähnlichem Gefängnis und Garnison …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maracay — Maracāy, Stadt in Venezuela, am Valenciasee, 6155 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maracay — [mä΄rä kī′] city in N Venezuela: pop. 354,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Maracay — Coordenadas: 10°15′06″N 67°36′05″O / 10.25167, 67.60139 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maracay — 10.246944444444 67.595833333333436 Koordinaten: 10° 15′ N, 67° 36′ W Ma …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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