manna


manna
/man"euh/, n.
1. the food miraculously supplied to the Israelites in the wilderness. Ex. 16:14-36.
2. any sudden or unexpected help, advantage, or aid to success.
3. divine or spiritual food.
4. the exudation of the ash Fraxinus ornus and related plants: source of mannitol.
[bef. 900; ME, OE < LL < Gk mánna < Heb man]

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botany
      in botany, any of a variety of plants and plant products. Manna is the common name for certain lichens of the genus Lecanora native to Turkey, especially L. esculenta. In the Middle East lichen bread and manna jelly are made from Lecanora. Manna also refers to resins produced by two plants called camel's thorns (Alhagi maurorum and A. pseudalhagi). Both are spiny-branched shrubs less than 1 m (about 3 feet) tall and are native to Turkey. An edible, white honeylike substance known as manna forms drops on the stem of a tamarisk tree, Tamarix mannifera. A scale insect either punctures the stem, triggering the exudation, or secretes the manna itself.

      The flowering ash, or manna ash (Fraxinus ornus), is the source of a sugar-alcohol, mannitol, which has been used medicinally. The substance is obtained for commercial exploitation by slashing the branches of the tree and collecting the juice that extrudes and hardens. This sweetish material is sold in the form of flakes (flake manna), fragments (common manna), or thick droplets (fat manna).

food
      in biblical literature, one or more of the foods that sustained the Hebrews during the 40 years that intervened between their Exodus from Egypt and their arrival in the Promised Land. The word is perhaps derived from the question man hu? (“What is it?”), asked by the Hebrews when they first tasted the substances that they found growing or deposited by the wind on the arid land that they inhabited. The manna was gathered and was used in part to prepare bread, and it was therefore referred to as “bread from heaven.”

      In the interpretation of some Old Testament scholars, manna was miraculous in the sense that even in the desert food was available and that a double portion was available on Friday, freeing the Hebrews from the need to violate their Sabbath by gathering food. In the New Testament, Jesus spoke of himself as the “true bread from heaven” (John 6:32), and manna consequently is a Christian symbol for the Eucharist.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MANNA — (Heb. מָן), referred to as bread from heaven (Ex. 16:4; cf. Ps. 105:40). Manna is described in Exodus as coming down in the wilderness of Sinai within the area of the Israelites encampment every morning except on Sabbaths in the form of a fine,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Manna — • The food miraculously sent to the Israelites during their forty years sojourn in the desert (Ex., xvi; Num., xi, 6 9) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Manna     Manna      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Manna — Man na (m[a^]n n[.a]), n. [L., fr. Gr. ma nna, Heb. m[=a]n; cf. Ar. mann, properly, gift (of heaven).] 1. (Script.) The food supplied to the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness of Arabia; hence, divinely supplied food. Ex. xvi. 15 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manna — Sn die wundersame Nahrung der Israeliten nach dem Auszug aus Ägypten erw. bildg. (14. Jh.), spmhd. mannabrōt Entlehnung. Ist mit verdeutlichender Komposition entlehnt aus spl. manna, dieses aus ntl. gr. mánna, aus hebr. / aram. mān, mannā(ʾ)… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Manna — steht für: Manna (Bibel), sagenhafte Speise der Israeliten auf ihrer Wanderschaft durch die Wüste Manna Esche, eine Laubbaumart aus der Gattung der Eschen Manna (Indonesien), eine Stadt auf Sumatra Manna (Roman), ein Roman von Marshall Brain… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manna — Manna, 1) (Manna), gelbliche, zuckerartige, undurchsichtige, leicht zerbrechliche, weiche, mehr od. minder trockne, eigen süß schmeckende Substanz, welche aus der Rinde mehrer Eschenarten (Fraxinus excelsior, Fr. ornus, Fr. rotundifolia u.a.) von …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • manna (1) — {{hw}}{{manna (1)}{{/hw}}s. f. 1 Cibo che, secondo la Bibbia, piovve dal cielo sugli Ebrei che attraversavano il deserto | (est.) Grazia celeste, cibo di sapienza divina, verità rivelata da Dio. 2 Cibo, bevanda squisita. 3 (fig.) Cosa vantaggiosa …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • manna — Old English borrowing from L.L. manna, from Gk. manna, from Hebrew man, probably lit. substance exuded by the tamarisk tree, but used in Greek and Latin specifically with reference to the substance miraculously supplied to the Children of Israel… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Manna — (Неймеген,Нидерланды) Категория отеля: Адрес: Oranjesingel 2c, 6511 NS Неймеген, Нидерланды …   Каталог отелей

  • Manna — Manna, ein schleimig süßer, scharf schmeckender, weißer oder blaßgelblicher, eingetrockneter Saft, der von verschiedenen Bäumen, namentlich aber von mehreren Eschenarten, vorzugsweise in Italien und Spanien gewonnen wird. Dieser Saft dringt… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Manna — Manna. Aus den eingeschnittenen Stämmen der M.esche (Fraxinus Ornus L.), eines südeuropäischen, namentlich in Calabrien und Sicilien einheimischen Baumes, fließt im Sommer ein zuckerartiger Saft, welcher durch Vertrocknen an der Luft die M.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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