manitou


manitou
/man"i tooh'/, n., pl. manitous, (esp. collectively) manitou.
(among the Algonquian Indians) a supernatural being that controls nature; a spirit, deity, or object that possesses supernatural power.
Also, manito /man"i toh'/, manitu /man"i tooh'/.
[1605-15; < Unami Delaware monat·u, reinforced by or reborrowed from Ojibwa manito· and other cognates (all < Proto-Algonquian *maneto·wa); sp. influenced by equivalent F word]

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▪ North American Indian religion
      among Algonquian (Algonquian languages)-speaking peoples of North America, the spiritual power inherent in the world generally. Manitous are also believed to be present in natural phenomena (animals, plants, geographic features, weather); they are personified as spirit-beings that interact with humans and each other and are led by the Great Manitou (Kitchi-Manitou). The word was frequently used by 19th-century and early 20th-century anthropologists in their theories of animism, a religious system characteristic of many indigenous peoples. See also Coyote and Raven cycle.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • manitou — [ manitu ] n. m. • 1627; mot algonquin « grand esprit » 1 ♦ Esprit du bien (bon, grand manitou) ou du mal (méchant manitou), chez certaines peuplades indiennes. 2 ♦ (1842) Fig. et fam. Personnage important et puissant. ⇒fam. huile. « Le père est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Manitou — Manitou, OK U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 278 Housing Units (2000): 111 Land area (2000): 0.314844 sq. miles (0.815442 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.314844 sq. miles (0.815442 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Manitou, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 278 Housing Units (2000): 111 Land area (2000): 0.314844 sq. miles (0.815442 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.314844 sq. miles (0.815442 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Manitou — (Manitou Springs), Ort im nordamerikan. Staat Colorado, Grafschaft El Paso, in einem Tal am Fuße des Pikes Peak und an der Mündung des Utepasses, 1996 m ü. M., Bahnknotenpunkt, wegen seiner schönen Umgebung und der kohlensauren und Eisenquellen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • manitou — also manito, spirit, deity, supernatural being, 1690s, from a word found throughout the Algonquian languages (Cf. Delaware manutoow, Ojibwa manidoo), first in English from Unami Delaware /manet:u/ …   Etymology dictionary

  • manitou — ☆ manitou [man′ətō΄man′ə to͞o΄ ] n. [Fr, replacing earlier manito, etc. < Delaware manət˙u: cf. Ojibwa manidoo] any of various spirits or supernatural forces believed in by the Algonquian Indians and variously conceived of as nature spirits of …   English World dictionary

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