Mani


Mani
/mah"nee/, n.
Manes.

* * *

born April 14, 216, southern Babylonia
died 274?, Gundeshapur

Persian founder of Manichaeism.

He had his first vision of an angel in his boyhood, and when he was 24 the angel reappeared and called him to preach a new religion. He traveled to India and made converts there. The Persian king Shapur I permitted him to preach in the Persian empire, but, during the reign of Bahram I, Mani was attacked by Zoroastrian priests. After a 26-day trial he was sentenced to prison, where he died.

* * *

▪ Iranian religious leader
also called  Manes, or Manichaeus  
born April 14, 216, southern Babylonia
died 274?, Gundeshapur

      Iranian founder of the Manichaean religion, a church advocating a dualistic doctrine that viewed the world as a fusion of spirit and matter, the original contrary principles of good and evil, respectively.

      Before Mani's birth, his father, Patek, a native of Hamadan, had joined a religious community practicing baptism and abstinence. Through his mother Mani was related to the Parthian royal family (overthrown in 224). Information about his life appears to derive from his own writings and the traditions of his church. He grew up at his birthplace, speaking a form of eastern Aramaic. Twice, as a boy and young man, he saw in vision an angel, the “Twin,” who, the second time, called him to preach a new religion.

      He traveled to India (probably Sind and Turan) and made converts. Favourably received on his return by the newly crowned Persian king, Shāpūr I, he was permitted to preach his religion in the Persian empire during that long reign. There is little information about Mani's life in those years. He probably traveled widely in the western parts of the empire, but later traditions that he visited the northeast seem unsound. Under the reign of the Persian king Bahrām I, however, he was attacked by Zoroastrian priests and was imprisoned by the king at Gundeshapur (Belapet), where he died after undergoing a trial that lasted 26 days.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mani — is a name or word occurring in several etymologically unrelated languages and cultures, including: Maní a legend of the indigenous tribe Tupi in Brazil. Mani (prophet), the founder of Manichaeism. Kalabhavan Mani, a popular actor and singer in… …   Wikipedia

  • Mani — steht für: Mani (Religionsstifter) (216–276), Stifter der nach ihm benannten Religion des Manichäismus Mani (Mythologie), Mondgott aus der nordischen Mythologie Mani (Volk), ethnische Gruppe in Süd Thailand Geografie: Mani (Peloponnes),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maní — Administration Pays  Mexique État État du Yucatán …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mani — s.m. pl. Nume dat în mitologia romanilor şi a vechilor popoare italice sufletelor morţilor, considerate zei ocrotitori ai căminului. – Din lat. manes, ium. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  mani s. m. pl., art. mánii Trimis de siveco …   Dicționar Român

  • MANI — (Mana II; fourth century C.E.), Palestinian amora. His teachers were firstly his father jonah , R. Yose (TJ, Ter. 8:9, 46a; Sanh. 3:6, 21a), and then R. Judah III (TJ, Pes. 6:1, 33a; Beẓah 1:1, 60a); he also referred to Hezekiah as his teacher… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MANI — MANI, family in Iraq and Ereẓ Israel. According to family tradition, the family is of Davidic origin and its name is an acrostic of Mi Geza Neẓer Yishai. ELIJAH BEN SULEIMAN (1818–1899), one of the best known Iraqi rabbis, was born in Baghdad,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mani — V. Manès. Manès (en gr.) ou Mani (en anc. persan) (v. 216 v. 273) fondateur du manichéisme. Il se disait le Paraclet (l incarnation du Saint Esprit) annoncé par le Messie. Après de longs voyages missionnaires en Asie centrale et en Inde, il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mani — V. Manès. Manès (en gr.) ou Mani (en anc. persan) (v. 216 v. 273) fondateur du manichéisme. Il se disait le Paraclet (l incarnation du Saint Esprit) annoncé par le Messie. Après de longs voyages missionnaires en Asie centrale et en Inde, il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mani — Mani, 1) (nord. Myth.), der Mond.; 2) Mundilföris Sohn, so schön, daß dieser ihn M. (Mond) nannte; wurde von den über diesen Stolz erzürnten Göttern an den Himmel zum Lenker des Mondes gesetzt u. nahm von der Erde zu seinen Begleitern Bil u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mani [1] — Mani, Landschaft, s. Maina …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mani [2] — Mani (Manes), s. Manichäismus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.