Mande


Mande
/mahn"day/, n.
1. a branch of the Niger-Congo subfamily of languages, spoken in western Africa and including Mende, Malinke, Bambara, and Kpelle.
2. a member of any of the peoples who speak these languages.
Also called Mandingo.

* * *

people
also called  Mali  or  Mandingo 

      group of peoples of western Africa, whose various Mande languages form a branch of the Niger-Congo language family. The Mande are located primarily on the savanna plateau of the western Sudan, although small groups of Mande origin, whose members no longer exhibit Mande cultural traits, are found scattered elsewhere, as in the tropical rain forests of Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the Côte d'Ivoire. Some of the most well-known Mande groups are the Bambara, Malinke, and Soninke (qq.v.).

      The Mande peoples have been credited with the independent development of agriculture about 3000–4000 BC; and upon this agricultural base rested some of the earliest and most complex civilizations of western Africa, including the Soninke state of Ghana and the empire of Mali, which reached its height early in the 14th century.

      Mande agriculture is based on shifting hoe cultivation. Staple crops are millet, sorghum, and rice; there are also a wide variety of other crops. Cattle are kept but are important mainly in terms of prestige and bride-price payments. Trade, both local and with distant Arab and other groups, has always been of great economic importance.

      Descent, succession, and inheritance are patrilineal; marriage is polygynous, the incidence of polygyny varying considerably from group to group. The social structure, especially among Muslim groups, often exhibits a pronounced hierarchical ordering, from royalty and noble lineages to commoners, low-status artisan castes, and, formerly, slaves.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MANDÉ — Noyau de l’Empire mandingue, les Mandé forment un immense groupe ethno linguistique en Afrique de l’Ouest. Ils s’étendent de la boucle du Niger jusqu’à l’océan Atlantique, du Sénégal au Liberia. Les Mandé occidentaux sont principalement les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mande — may refer to: Mandé peoples of western Africa Mande languages Manding, a term covering a subgroup of Mande peoples, and sometimes used for one of them, Mandinka Garo people of northeastern India and northern Bangladesh Mande (river), in Bosnia… …   Wikipedia

  • mande — MÁNDE subst. 1. s.n. Ramură a familiei de limbi din Niger Congo vorbită în regiunea văii superioare a râului Niger. 2. s.m. Membru al populaţiei vorbitoare a limbii mande (1). (cf. engl. mande < mandingo mandi, mande = dim. al lui ma (mamă) =… …   Dicționar Român

  • Mande — Sf Korb ohne Henkel per. Wortschatz arch. (17. Jh.), fnhd. mand, mndd. mande, mndl. mande Stammwort. Aus dem Niederdeutschen. Vergleichbar ist ae. mand Korb . Herkunft unklar.    Ebenso nndl. mand, ne. maund. deutsch gw …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • mande — interjección 1. Uso/registro: coloquial, restringido. Se usa para pedirle a una persona que repita lo que ha dicho porque no se ha oído bien. 2. Uso/registro: coloquial, restringido. Se usa como contestación a una llamada de otra persona a quien… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • mandé — mandé, ée (man dé, dée) part. passé de mander. 1°   Qui a reçu avis de venir. Mandé par le télégraphe. •   Courtois et Denyau [médecins], mandés à son secours, BOILEAU Sat. X.. 2°   Qu on a fait savoir par lettre ou par message. Les nouvelles de… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Mande — [män′dā΄, män′dē΄] n. 1. pl. Mandes or Mande a member of a group of peoples of W Africa, including the Malinkes, Mendes, Susus, etc. 2. a group of Congo languages spoken by these peoples adj. of the Mandes or their languages or cultures …   English World dictionary

  • Mande — (spr. Mangd), so v.w. Mende 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mande — Mande, Negersprache, s. Mandingo …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mande — /ˈmandeɪ/ (say mahnday) noun 1. a group of African languages, a branch of the Niger Congo family, spoken chiefly in Mali, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. –adjective 2. of or relating to this group of languages. Formerly, Mandingo …   Australian English dictionary

  • mande — Mande, voyez Manne …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.