Makassar


Makassar
/meuh kas"euhr/, n.
a former name of Ujung Pandang.
Also, Macassar, Makasar.

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also spelled  Macassar , or  Makasar , formerly  Ujungpandang , or  Ujung Pandang 

      kotamadya (municipality) and capital of South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) propinsi (province), Indonesia. It lies on the western side of the most southerly peninsula of Celebes.

      Already a flourishing port when the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century, Makassar subsequently came under control of the Dutch, who built a trading station in 1607 and finally deposed the sultan in 1667. It was briefly (1946–49) the capital of the Dutch-sponsored state of East Indonesia (Indonesia Timur). The people, the Makassarese, are a branch of the Malay people and are closely related to the Buginese.

      The main exports from Makassar are copra, gums and resins, rubber, coffee, and rattan. The port is also a distribution centre for other parts of Celebes, the Moluccas, and the Lesser Sunda Islands. There is an airport, and good roads link the city to the hinterland.

      Cultural amenities include Hasanuddin University (founded 1956), a major university of eastern Indonesia. There are historical exhibits in the restored Dutch fort that guards the harbour. Nestled in forest-clad hills to the northeast is a cave with prehistoric art. Also nearby is the Bantimurung waterfall. Pop. (2005) 1,194,583.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Makassar — Makassar, 1) ein Königreich auf der Südspitze der Insel Celebes im Ostindischen Archipel, vom Gebirge Bonthain durchzogen u. von den Makassern (s.d.) bewohnt, war sonst sehr blühend u. von weit größerem Umfang als das noch gegenwärtig sogenannte… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Makassar — (Mangkasar), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Distrikts sowie des niederländisch ind. Gouv. Celebes (s. d.), unter 5°8 südl. Br., an der Westküste der südlichen Halbinsel, nahe der Mündung des Gowa in die im Mittel 140 km breite Straße von M., die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Makassar — (Mangkassar), Hauptstadt des niederländ. ostind. Gouv. Celebes, am Flusse Goa, (1895) 17.318 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Makassar — ou Macassar (auj. Ujungpandang) (détroit de) passage entre les Célèbes (Sulawesi) et Bornéo (Kalimantan) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Makassar — [mə kas′ər] former name for UJUNG PANDANG …   English World dictionary

  • Makassar — Stadt Makassar Kota Makassar Makassar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Makassar — For other uses, see Macassar (disambiguation). Makassar ᨀᨚᨈ ᨆᨀᨔᨑ Kota Makassar City of Makassar Losari Beach (top), Masjid Raya Makassar (center), Makassar skyline (bottom left), and Hasanuddin Internat …   Wikipedia

  • Makassar — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Makassar peut désigner : les Makassar, un peuple habitant le sud de la province indonésienne de Sulawesi du Sud dans l île de Sulawesi ; le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Makassar — Original name in latin Makassar Name in other language Djumpandang, Kota Makassar, Macassar, Makasar, Makasaras, Makassar, Makasser, UPG, Udjung Pandang, Ujungpandang, makasar, makassaru, Макассар State code ID Continent/City Asia/Makassar… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Makassar — geographical name 1. (or Macassar) strait Indonesia between E Borneo & W Sulawesi 2. see Ujung Pandang • Makassarese noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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