Mainland


Mainland
/mayn"land', -leuhnd/, n.
1. the largest of the Shetland Islands. 18,268; ab. 200 sq. mi. (520 sq. km).
2. Pomona (def. 3).

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also called  Pomona 

      central and largest of the Orkney Islands of Scotland, which lie off the northern tip of the Scottish mainland. The shores of this irregularly shaped island are deeply indented (from north and south, respectively) by the inlets of Kirkwall Bay and Scapa Flow, reducing its width to less than 2 miles (3 km) at one point. The island, a rich and progressive agricultural area, is low-lying; Ward Hill, the highest point, has an elevation of only 881 feet (269 metres). There are numerous lakes well stocked with trout. The island shows signs of very early occupation, including the Neolithic village of Skara Brae, the great barrow (earthwork) of Maeshowe tumulus, the Standing Stones of Stenness, the Ring of Brodgar stone circles, and such monoliths as the Stone of Odin; these locations and others collectively were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999. Kirkwall, the administrative centre of the Orkneys, and Stromness, situated on the west coast, are the only towns. The former British naval base of Scapa Flow, where the German navy surrendered after World War I, lies to the south. Pop. (2001) 15,339.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • mainland — main‧land [ˈmeɪnlənd, lænd] noun the mainland the main area of land that forms a country, rather than the islands near to it that are also part of it: • Continental Airlines serves Hawaii from the mainland. mainland adjective [only before a noun] …   Financial and business terms

  • Mainland — ist sowohl eine (dort übliche) Bezeichnung für die Hauptinsel der Britischen Inseln als auch im Besonderen der Name zweier schottlischer Inseln der nördlichen Archipele: Mainland (Orkney) Mainland (Shetlandinsel) Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mainland — Main land , n. The continent; the principal land; opposed to {island}, or {peninsula}. Dryden. [1913 Webster] After the two wayfarers had crossed from the peninsula to the mainland. Hawthorne. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mainland — (spr. Mehnländ), 1) (Pomona), Hauptinsel der schottischen Inselgruppe Orkney; 18 QM., 17,000 Ew., hügelig, haidig, morastig, in den Thälern ziemlich fruchtbar; Producte: Rindvieh, Pferde, Eisen, Schiefer u. Sandstein; an der Küste mehre Baien u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mainland — (spr. mēnlǟnd), 1) die bedeutendste der Shetlandinseln, gebirgig (im Rona oder Rooeneß 450 m hoch) und mit sehr zerrissener Küste, 86 km lang, bis 34 km breit, ist meist von Heidekraut bedeckt, bietet aber auch Weideplätze und fruchtbare Täler… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mainland — (spr. mehnländ). 1) Größte der Shetlandinseln, 938 qkm, 20.800 E.; Hauptstadt Lerwick. – 2) M. oder Pomona, Hauptinsel der Orkney Inseln, 527 qkm, 17.200 E.; Hauptort Kirkwall …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mainland — (Mehnländ), Pomona, die größte der shetländischen Inseln, 10 QM. groß, mit 18000 E., die von Fischerei, Viehzucht und der Fabrikation wollener Strümpfe leben; M. hat eine eigene Art kleiner Pferde …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Mainland —   [ meɪnlənd],    1) Hauptinsel der Orkneyinseln, Schottland, 503 km2, 15 100 Einwohner; bis 269 m über dem Meeresspiegel, von zahlreichen glazial entstandenen Seen bedeckt, stark gegliederte Küste. Hauptort ist Kirkwall, 6 500 Einwohner.    2)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • mainland — (n.) c.1400, from MAIN (Cf. main) (adj.) + LAND (Cf. land) (n.). Usually referring to continuous bodies of land and not islands or peninsulas. Related: Mainlander …   Etymology dictionary

  • mainland — ► NOUN ▪ a large continuous extent of land as opposed to offshore islands and detached territories …   English terms dictionary

  • Mainland — [mān′land΄, mān′lənd] 1. chief island of Japan: see HONSHU 2. largest of the Orkney Islands: c. 190 sq mi (492 sq km) 3. largest of the Shetland Islands: 407 sq mi (1,054 sq km) …   English World dictionary


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