Maidstone


Maidstone
/mayd"stohn', -steuhn/, n.
a city in Kent, in SE England. 125,300.

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Town and borough (pop., 2001: 138,959), administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England.

It is situated on the River Medway southeast of London. Its name is derived from one given it in Domesday Book. A residence of the Norman archbishops of Canterbury until the Reformation, it grew as a market town. Still an agricultural centre, it is located in England's largest hops-growing area, and brewing is important to its economy. Among many sites of architectural interest is the medieval archbishop's palace.

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      town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England, astride the River Medway, 38 miles (61 km) southeast of London. The largely rural borough surrounding the town covers a large area of central Kent.

      The name Maidstone is derived from the Saxon Maeidesstana, given as Meddestane in Domesday Book, and is taken to mean “the maidens' stone.” At the time of the Domesday survey, the settlement, noted for its salt production, eel fishing, and flour milling, belonged to the archbishop of Canterbury. A residence of the Norman archbishops of Canterbury until the Reformation, the community grew as a market town and had a succession of charters, the last granted in 1747.

      The town of Maidstone is still a major agricultural market centre, situated in the heart of orchard country and the largest hops-growing area in England; among its industries, brewing and malting and the manufacture of agricultural implements are prominent, but the chief modern manufacture is paper. Formerly cloth making was important, boosted by an influx of Walloon weavers in 1567. The Perpendicular-style parish church, as well as many other local buildings, is built of the local limestone (Kentish rag), which has been much quarried from Roman times for shipment for major buildings in London. Hampton Court, Eton College, and the Tower of London are among the buildings for which Kentish ragstone from the Maidstone district was employed.

      Assizes have been held in Maidstone since the 13th century, and it is the modern headquarters of county administration and an important shopping centre. In the European Middle Ages the shire moot (assembly) was held on Penenden Heath, which was the scene of executions and of great county meetings until the 19th century, when it was enclosed in 1882 for public recreation. Among many sites of historical and architectural interest are the medieval archbishop's palace and other ecclesiastical foundations and several Georgian buildings. Area, borough, 152 square miles (394 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 89,684; borough, 138,959.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maidstone — …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maidstone — Maidstone …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maidstone —   [ meɪdstən], Verwaltungssitz der County Kent, Südostengland, am Medway, 90 900 Einwohner; Gartenbau Versuchsanstalt; Hopfenhandel, Getreide und Obstmarkt; Mälzereien, Brauereien, Papier , Druck , Möbel , Süßwarenindustrie, Landmaschinenbau.  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Maidstone — (spr. Mehdston), Hauptstadt in der englischen Grafschaft Kent, am Medway, hat Palast des Erzbischofs von Canterbury; Leinenweberei, Pulver u. Papiermühlen; Kasernen, Grammar School, Gerichtshalle, Theater, Rennbahn, Handel; ist durch eine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Maidstone — (spr. mēdstön), Hauptstadt (municipal borough) der engl. Grafschaft Kent, südöstlich von London, am schiffbaren Medway, von Obstgärten umgeben, hat 18 Kirchen (darunter die altertümliche Allerheiligenkirche, 1395 erbaut, 1886 restauriert, eine St …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maidstone — (spr. mehdst n), Hauptort der engl. Grafsch. Kent, am Medway, (1901) 33.516 E.; Hopfenhandel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maidstone — (Mehdston), engl. Stadt. südöstl. von London am Medway, mit 20000 E., Leinwand u. Papierfabriken, lebhaftem Handel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Maidstone — [mād′stən, mād′stōn΄] city in SE England; county seat of Kent: county district pop. 136,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Maidstone — For other uses, see Maidstone (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°16′19″N 0°31′44″E / 51.272°N 0.529°E / 51.272; 0.529 …   Wikipedia

  • Maidstone FC — For the Association Football Club, see Maidstone United F.C.. Maidstone Club information Full name Maidstone Football Club Website [1] Colours White Red Founded 1880 Current details Ground(s) …   Wikipedia

  • Maidstone — 51.2736111111110.52277777777778 Koordinaten: 51° 16′ N, 0° 31′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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