madrasah


madrasah
/meuh dras"euh/, n. Islam.
a school or college, esp. a school attached to a mosque where young men study theology.
Also, madrasa.
[ < Ar]

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(Arabic: "school") Islamic theological seminary and law school attached to a mosque.

The residential madrasah was a newer building form than the mosque, flourishing in most Muslim cities by the end of the 12th century. The Syrian madrasahs in Damascus tended to follow a standardized plan: An elaborate facade led into a domed hallway and then into a courtyard where instruction took place, with at least one eyvan (vaulted hall) opening onto it. The madrasah at the Qalaun Mosque in Cairo (1283–85) has a unique cruciform eyvan on the richly carved qibla (wall facing Mecca) side and a smaller eyvan opposite. Residential cells for scholars occupy the other two sides.

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▪ Muslim educational institution
(Arabic: “school”),Turkish  Medrese,  

      in Muslim countries, an institution of higher education. The madrasah functioned until the 20th century as a theological seminary and law school, with a curriculum centred on the Qurʾān. In addition to Islāmic (Islāmic world) theology and law, Arabic grammar and literature, mathematics, logic, and, in some cases, natural science were studied in madrasahs. Tuition was free, and food, lodging, and medical care were provided as well. Instruction usually took place in a courtyard and consisted primarily of memorizing textbooks and the instructor's lectures. The lecturer issued certificates to his students that constituted permission to repeat his words.

      Princes and wealthy families donated funds for the erection of buildings and for stipends to students and lecturers. By the end of the 12th century, madrasahs flourished in Damascus, Baghdad, Mosul, and most other Muslim cities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • madrasah — (n.) Islamic college, 1620s, from Arabic madrasah, lit. a place of study, from locative prefix ma + stem of darasa he read repeatedly, he studied, which is related to Hebrew darash (Cf. midrash) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Madrasah — er arabisk for en højere skole …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Madrasah — Not to be confused with Madras. Madrasa and Medrese redirect here. For the village or grape variety in Azerbaijan, see Mədrəsə and Madrasa, respectively. Sher Dor Madrasa, Samarkand, Uzbekistan 2007 …   Wikipedia

  • madrasah — noun see madrassa …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Madrasah — Médersa Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, Ouzbekistan vers 1912 Médersa (arabe : مدرسة, madrasa pl. مدارس, madāris) est le terme arabe désignant une école, qu elle soit laïque ou religieuse, quelle que soit la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • madrasah — noun A school for any kind of teaching, at any grade level. It may have courses in Islamic theology and religious law, but it is not a requirement …   Wiktionary

  • Madrasah —    Madrasahs were in Turkey and elsewhere still are Muslim religious schools, especially for teaching the Shariah, or Islamic law, to the ulama, or Muslim scholars and jurists. They were famously closed down in Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • madrasah — n. Muslim college or school attached to mosque …   English contemporary dictionary

  • madrasah — ma·dra·sah …   English syllables

  • madrasah — /məˈdræsə/ (say muh drasuh) noun a Muslim school or college. Also, madrasa. {Arabic: a place of learning} …   Australian English dictionary


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