Lydia


Lydia
/lid"ee euh/, n.
1. an ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: under Croesus, a wealthy empire including most of Asia Minor.
2. a female given name.

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I
Ancient land, western Anatolia.

Located in present-day Turkey, it was bounded on the west by the Aegean Sea and profoundly influenced the Ionian Greeks in the 7th–6th centuries BC through such economic developments as the use of metallic coinage. It was conquered by the Persians under Cyrus II in 546 BC. It later passed to Syria and Pergamum, and under the Romans it became part of the province of Asia.
II
(as used in expressions)
Lydia Kamakaeha
Child Lydia Maria
Lydia Maria Francis
Pinkham Lydia Estes

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▪ ancient region, Anatolia
      ancient land of western Anatolia, extending east from the Aegean Sea and occupying the valleys of the Hermus and Cayster rivers. The Lydians were said to be the originators of gold and silver coins (coin). During their brief hegemony over Asia Minor from the middle of the 7th to the middle of the 6th century BC, the Lydians profoundly influenced the Ionian Greeks to their west.

      In the 7th century BC Lydia filled the vacuum left by the Cimmerian destruction of Phrygia and established a dynasty at Sardis under the legendary king Gyges. The kingdom reached its zenith under Alyattes (c. 619–560), who parried a Median threat, pushed back the Cimmerians (Cimmerian), and extended his rule in Ionia. The kingdom seemed destined to reach even greater heights under Alyattes' son, the wealthy Croesus, when the Persians under Cyrus brought the Lydian monarchy to a final and dramatic end (c. 546–540).

      The Lydians were a commercial people, who, according to Herodotus, had customs like the Greeks and were the first people to establish permanent retail shops. Their invention of metallic coinage, which the Greeks quickly adopted, played an important part as a catalyst in the commercial revolution that transformed Greek civilization in the 6th century BC.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lydia — Lydia, LA U.S. Census Designated Place in Louisiana Population (2000): 1079 Housing Units (2000): 411 Land area (2000): 1.710546 sq. miles (4.430294 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.710546 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lydia, LA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Louisiana Population (2000): 1079 Housing Units (2000): 411 Land area (2000): 1.710546 sq. miles (4.430294 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.710546 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lydia — f English: of Greek origin, meaning ‘woman from Lydia’, an area of Asia Minor. It is borne in the Bible by a woman of Thyatira who was converted by St Paul and who entertained him in her house (Acts 16: 14–15, 40). It has enjoyed steady… …   First names dictionary

  • Lydia — Lydia,   Purpurhändlerin aus Thyatira (Lydien); nach Apostelgeschichte 16, 14 f. wurde sie als gottesfürchtige Heidin in Philippi durch Paulus bekehrt. Sie galt als Erstgetaufte Europas. Ihr Haus wurde die Kernzelle der christlichen Gemeinde in… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Lydia — Lydia1 [lid′ē ə] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec), orig. fem. of Gr Lydios, Lydian: see Acts 16:14] a feminine name Lydia2 [lid′ē ə] ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: fl. 7th 6th cent. B.C.; conquered by Persians and absorbed into Persian Empire (6th cent.… …   English World dictionary

  • Lydia — This article is about the ancient kingdom in Anatolia. For other uses, see Lydia (disambiguation). Lydia (Λυδία) Ancient Region of Anatolia Byzantine shops at Sardis …   Wikipedia

  • LYDIA — I. LYDIA amica Horatii, cuius in Odis saepe meminit. II. LYDIA purpurae venditrix, quae omnium prima in urbe Philippis Euangelium amplexa est, et Paulum ac Silam hospitio accepit. Act. c. 16. v. 14. III. LYDIA regio Asiae min. Croeso Rege, et… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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