Lusitania


Lusitania
Lusitanian, adj., n.
/looh'si tay"nee euh/, n.
1. (italics) a British luxury liner sunk by a German submarine in the North Atlantic on May 7, 1915: one of the events leading to U.S. entry into World War I.
2. an ancient region and Roman province in the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding generally to modern Portugal.

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British ocean liner sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland on May 7, 1915.

The British Admiralty had warned the Lusitania to avoid the area and to use the evasive tactic of zigzagging, but the crew ignored these recommendations. Though unarmed, the ship was carrying munitions for the Allies, and the Germans had circulated warnings that the ship would be sunk. The loss of life
1,198 people drowned, including 128 U.S. citizens
outraged public opinion. The U.S. protested Germany's action, and Germany limited its submarine campaign against Britain. When Germany renewed unrestricted submarine warfare, the U.S. entered World War I in April 1917.

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▪ British ship
 British ocean liner, the sinking of which by a German submarine on May 7, 1915, contributed indirectly to the entry of the United States into World War I. The 32,000-ton ship was returning from New York to Liverpool, with 1,959 passengers and crew on board. The sinkings of merchant ships off the south coast of Ireland and reports of submarine activity there prompted the British Admiralty to warn the Lusitania to avoid the area and to recommend adopting the evasive tactic of zigzagging, changing course every few minutes at irregular intervals to confuse any attempt by U-boats to plot her course for torpedoing. The ship's crew chose to ignore these recommendations, and on the afternoon of May 7, 1915, the vessel was attacked. A torpedo struck and exploded amidships on the starboard side, followed by a heavier explosion, probably of the ship's boilers. Within 20 minutes the vessel had sunk, and 1,198 people were drowned. The loss of the liner and so many of its passengers, including 128 U.S. citizens, aroused a wave of indignation in the United States, and it was fully expected that a declaration of war would follow, but the U.S. government clung to its policy of neutrality.

      The Lusitania was also carrying a cargo of rifle ammunition and shells (together about 173 tons), and the Germans, who had circulated warnings that the ship would be sunk, felt themselves fully justified in attacking a vessel that was furthering the war aims of their enemy. The German government also felt that, in view of the vulnerability of U-boats while on the surface and the British announcement of intentions to arm merchant ships, prior warning of potential targets was impractical. On May 13, 1915, the U.S. government (Wilson, Woodrow) sent a note to Berlin expressing an indictment of the principles on which the submarine war was being fought, but this note and two following ones constituted the immediate limit of U.S. reaction to the Lusitania incident. Later, in 1917, however, the United States did cite German submarine warfare as a justification for American entry into the war.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lusitania — ist: der Name einer auf der iberischen Halbinsel gelegenen römischen Provinz: Lusitania (Provinz). davon abgeleitet die lateinische Bezeichnung für Portugal. der Name eines Schiffes, siehe RMS Lusitania. Bezeichnung einer Gruppe russischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LUSITANIA — tertia Hisp. pars, quam Plin. l. 3. c. 1. l. 4. c. 21. et 22. a Durio amne finit, reliqua citeriori attribuens, in qua sententia et Ptol. est. At Strabo cum Mela convenit: Huius regionis, inquit, latus Australe Tagus eingit, ab Occasu vero et… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lusitania — (Мерида,Испания) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Oviedo, 12, 06800 Мерида, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Lusitania — n. An ancient region and Roman province of the Iberian peninsula, corresponding roughly to modern Portugal and parts of Spain. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lusitania — Lusitania, es el nombre de una provincia romana del oeste de Hispania. En un principio, su territorio formaba parte de la Hispania Ulterior. Bajo Augusto se creó la provincia de este nombre que se extendía del Duero al Guadiana, con capital en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lusitania — Lusitania,   römische Provinz im Südwesten der Iberischen Halbinsel, etwa dem heutigen Portugal entsprechend, mit der Hauptstadt Olisippo (Lissabon). Der Widerstand der einheimischen Lusitaner gegen die römische Eroberung konnte erst von Augustus …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lusitanĭa — (a. Geogr.), der westliche Theil von Hispanien, am Atlantischen Meere; unter Augustus eine von den drei Provinzen, in welche Spanien getheilt wurde, u. zwar eine der zwei kaiserlichen Provinzen, deren Prätor seinen Sitz in Augusta Emerita hatte,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lusitania — paquebot anglais qui fut torpillé par un sous marin allemand le 7 mai 1915 à son retour des È. U. (1 200 morts). Ce fait contribua à l entrée en guerre des États Unis …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lusitania — Latin name of a region roughly corresponding to modern Portugal; in modern use, allusive or poetic for Portugal. The Cunard ocean liner (sister ship of the Mauretania and Aquitania, also named after Roman Atlantic coastal provinces) was launched… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lusitania — [lo͞o΄sə tā′nē ə] ancient Roman province in the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding to most of modern Portugal & part of W Spain …   English World dictionary

  • Lusitania — RMS Lusitania Lusitania Type : Paquebot transatlantique …   Wikipédia en Français


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