—luminist, n., adj./looh"meuh niz'euhm/, n.a style of landscape painting practiced by some mid-19th-century American artists, esp. of the Hudson River School, that emphasized meticulously crafted realism and a technically precise rendering of atmosphere and of the effects produced by direct and reflected light.[1900-05; < L lumin-, s. of lumen light + -ISM]
* * *Painting style that emphasizes a particular clarity of light.It is characteristic of the works of a group of U.S. painters of the late 19th century, influenced by the Hudson River school. Typically landscapes or seascapes, with sky occupying nearly half the composition, luminist works are distinguished by cool, clear colours and meticulously detailed objects modeled by light. The most prominent luminist painters were John Frederick Kensett, Martin Johnson Heade, and Fitz Hugh Lane.
* * *▪ paintinglate 19th-century painting style emphasizing a unique clarity of light. It was characteristic of the works of a group of independent American painters who were directly influenced by the Hudson River school of painting. The term, however, was not coined until 1954 by John Baur, director of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City.The most important painters in the luminist style were John Frederick Kensett (Kensett, John Frederick), Fitz Hugh Lane, and Martin Johnson Heade; the group also included George Tirrell, Henry Walton, and J.W. Hill. Paintings by the luminists are almost always landscapes or seascapes, particularly the latter, and are distinguished by a smooth, slick finish; cold, clear colours; and meticulously detailed objects, modeled by rays of light. In these paintings, the sky usually occupies about one-half of the composition, which is often in the format of a long rectangle. The works often show a geometric organization, with the edges of specific objects aligned parallel to the canvas edges.Although it was not an organized movement, later landscapists, such as George Loring Brown, adopted certain characteristics of the luminists and therefore are sometimes classified with them. Many untrained, or naive, painters, especially those of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, were influenced by elements of luminism such as its hard linearism, depth, and clear modeling.Additional ReadingJohn Wilmerding, American Light: The Luminist Movement, 1850–1875 (1980, reprinted 1989).
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См. также в других словарях:
Luminism — can refer to*A current in North American painting, see Luminism (American art style) *A neo impressionist style in painting, see Luminism (Impressionism) *A spiritual movement based on the quest for Illumination or Enlightenment, see Illuminism … Wikipedia
luminism — LUMINÍSM1 s.n. Varietate de clarobscur în artele plastice. – Din fr. luminisme. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 LUMINÍSM2 s.n. Iluminism. – Lumină + suf. ism (după iluminism). Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 … … Dicționar Român
Luminism — Dieser Artikel beschreibt die postimpressionistische Stilrichtung des Luminismus. Für den gleichnamigen Stil in der amerikanischen Landschaftsmalerei des 19. Jahrhunderts siehe Luminism Emile Claus: Vaches traversant la Lys, 1899 Als Luminismus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
luminism — noun Usage: often capitalized Date: circa 1974 a theory or practice of realist landscape and seascape painting developed in the United States in the mid 19th century and concerned with the study and depiction of effects of light and atmosphere •… … New Collegiate Dictionary
luminísm — s. n … Romanian orthography
luminism — lu·mi·nism … English syllables
luminism — noun an artistic movement in the United States that was derived from the Hudson River school; active from 1850 to 1870; painted realistic landscapes in a style that pictured atmospheric light and the use of aerial perspective • Hypernyms:… … Useful english dictionary
Luminism (American art style) — Luminism is an American landscape painting style of the 1850s ndash; 1870s, characterized by effects of light in landscapes, through using aerial perspective, and concealing visible brushstrokes. Luminist landscapes emphasize tranquility, and… … Wikipedia
Luminism (Impressionism) — Luminism is a late impressionist or neo impressionist style in painting which devotes great attention to light effects.The term has been used for the style of the Belgian painter Emile Claus and his followers (Jenny Montigny, Anna De Weert,… … Wikipedia
chromo-luminism — chro·mo luminism … English syllables