Lucifer


Lucifer
/looh"seuh feuhr/, n.
1. a proud, rebellious archangel, identified with Satan, who fell from heaven.
2. the planet Venus when appearing as the morning star.
3. (l.c.) See friction match.
[bef. 1000; ME, OE < L: morning star, lit., light-bringing, equiv. to luci- (s. of lux) light + -fer -FER]

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In classical mythology, the morning star (the planet Venus at dawn), personified as a male figure.

Lucifer (Latin: "Light-Bearer") carried a torch and served as herald of the dawn. In Christian times, Lucifer came to be regarded as the name of Satan before his fall; it was thus used by John Milton in Paradise Lost.

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▪ bishop of Cagliari
also called  Lucifer Calaritanus  
died c. 370

      bishop of Cagliari, Sardinia, who was a fierce opponent of the heresy of Arianism (q.v.). To further his rigorously orthodox views, he founded the Luciferians, a sect that survived in scattered remnants into the early 5th century.

      Lucifer's opposition to Arianism was tested during the reign of the Roman emperor Constantius II. Himself an Arian, the Emperor had the chief opponent of the heresy, Bishop St. Athanasius the Great, of Alexandria, condemned at a church council at Arelate (later Arles, Fr.), Gaul, in 353. Pope Liberius, disturbed by the council's bias, asked Lucifer to request a new and impartial imperial council. The result was the Council of Milan (355), at which Athanasius, despite a vigorous defense by Lucifer, was again condemned. Lucifer refused to endorse this decision and was banished to the East, where he wrote five harsh polemical tracts against the emperor. These are of scholarly interest because of their many biblical quotations in Old Latin.

      When Constantius died in 361, Lucifer's exile was ended by an edict issued the next year by the new emperor, Julian the Apostate. Lucifer then went to Antioch, where the church was shattered by factions supporting two men as the rightful bishop. Lucifer deepened the controversy into a schism by consecrating one of the candidates, Paulinus, as bishop. The supporters of his rival, Meletius, did not believe Lucifer had this authority according to canon law, and the church in Antioch remained split until the death of Meletius in 381.

      Meanwhile, Lucifer had unalterably opposed a council held in Alexandria in 362 by Athanasius, which had decided to pardon Arians who renounced their views, and he withdrew to his see in Sardinia. There he formed the Luciferians, who promulgated his opinions that all clerics who had been involved in Arianism should be deposed and that any bishop accepting them should be excommunicated. The sect had small groups of adherents in Spain, Gaul, and Rome before it collapsed. It was attacked by St. Jerome in his polemic Altercatio Luciferiani et orthodoxi (“The Dispute of the Luciferian and the Orthodox”).

▪ classical mythology
LatinLightbearerGreek  Phosphorus , or  Eosphoros 

      in classical mythology, the morning star (i.e., the planet Venus at dawn); personified as a male figure bearing a torch, Lucifer had almost no legend, but in poetry he was often herald of the dawn. In Christian times Lucifer came to be regarded as the name of Satan before his fall. It was thus used by John Milton (1608–74) in Paradise Lost, and the idea underlies the proverbial phrase “as proud as Lucifer.”

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lucifer — (zu lat. lucifer „lichtbringend“) ist die Bezeichnung u. a. für Lucifer (Römische Mythologie), Personifikation des Morgensterns in der römischen Mythologie Luzifer, eine mythologisch biblische Gestalt, gleichbedeutend mit einem Namen des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucifer — • The name Lucifer originally denotes the planet Venus, emphasizing its brilliance Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lucifer     Lucifer      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lucifer — O.E. Lucifer Satan, also morning star, from L. Lucifer morning star, lit. light bringing, from lux (gen. lucis) light (see LIGHT (Cf. light) (n.)) + ferre carry (see INFER (Cf. i …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lucifer — Lu ci*fer, n. [L., bringing light, n., the morning star, fr. lux, lucis, light + ferre to bring.] [1913 Webster] 1. The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; applied in Isaiah by a metaphor to a king of Babylon. [1913 Webster] How art …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lucĭfer — (gr. Phosphoros, Lichtbringer), 1) der Planet Venus, wenn er früh vor der Sonne aufgeht, Morgenstern; dagegen Hesperus als Abendstern; 2) in neueren christlichen Mythen der Teufel; 3) (Homo lucifer), s. Geschwänzte Menschen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lucifer — Lucifer, ursprünglich Lichtträger, griechisch Phosphoros, ein Beiname des Venusplaneten als Morgenstern. Nach der Mythe ein Sohn des Kephalos und der Aphrodite, der Vater der Hesperiden und des Dädalion. Später nannte man auch den Teufel Lucifer …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Lucifer — {{Lucifer}} »Lichtbringer«, der Morgenstern (gr. Heosphoros), der zunächst nicht als Planet Venus erkannt wurde. Für die christlichen Kirchenväter wurde Lucifer zum Namen des Teufels als eines gefallenen Engels, weil sie eine auf den König von… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Lucifer — Lùcifer m DEFINICIJA mit. 1. kršć. pali arkanđeo koji se pobunio protiv Boga i zbog toga bio bačen u pakao; često poistovjećivan sa Sotonom; »Svjetlonoša« 2. personifikacija zvijezde Danice 3. pren. zao čovjek, oličenje vraga ETIMOLOGIJA lat.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • lucifer — (De Lucifer, príncipe de los ángeles rebelados). 1. m. poét. lucero (ǁ planeta Venus). 2. Hombre soberbio, encolerizado y maligno …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Lucifer — ► NOUN 1) the Devil. 2) literary the planet Venus in the morning. 3) (lucifer) archaic a match. ORIGIN Latin, light bringing, morning star …   English terms dictionary

  • Lucĭfer [1] — Lucĭfer (Luzifer), lat. Übersetzung des griechischen Phosphoros, »Lichtbringer«, der Abend und Morgenstern; bei den Kirchenvätern auf Grund der Stellen Jes. 14, 12 und Luk. 10, 18 der Fürst der Finsternis, da man dort eine Hindeutung auf den Fall …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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