- Lucas van Leyden
/looh"kahs vahn luyd"n/, (Lucas Hugensz)1494-1533, Dutch painter and engraver.
* * *▪ Dutch artistalso called Lucas Huyghensz(oon)born 1489/94, Leiden [Netherlands]died before August 8, 1533, Leidennorthern Renaissance painter and one of the greatest engravers of his time.Lucas was first trained by his father, Huygh Jacobszoon; later, he entered the workshop of Cornelis Engelbrechtsz(oon), a painter of Leiden. Lucas is more highly regarded today as a printmaker than as a painter. He was extraordinarily precocious. Even such early prints as Muhammed and the Monk Sergius (1508) are compositionally clear and direct and show great technical skill. Such engravings as Susanna and the Elders (1508), St. George Liberating the Princess (c. 1508–09), and his famous series The Circular Passion (1510) are notable for their accurate rendering of space and subtly composed landscapes. In 1510, under the influence of Albrecht Dürer (Dürer, Albrecht), Lucas produced two masterpieces of engraving, The Milkmaid and Ecce Homo, the latter much admired by Rembrandt. Their sureness of line and modeling complement their strong, simple compositions and place them among the most forceful engravings of their time. But engravings such as the Adoration of the Magi (c. 1512), cluttered with awkward figures and architectural backgrounds, indicate a decline in conceptual power that lasted until about 1519, when he engraved the Dance of the Magdalene. This work also has a large number of figures, but they are tranquil and are lucidly composed in small groupings.In 1521 Lucas met Dürer in Antwerp and again fell under his influence, as can be seen in the Passion series of the same year. Lucas may have learned the technique of etching from Dürer, for he produced a few etchings after their meeting. But Lucas himself is thought to have developed the technique of etching on copper, instead of iron, plates. The softness of the copper made it possible to combine etching and line engraving in the same print. His well-known portrait of the emperor Maximilian (1521) is one of the earliest examples of the use of that technique. Lucas was also among the first to employ aerial perspective in prints. Impressed with the Italianate style of Jan Gossart (Gossart, Jan), Lucas produced engravings, such as The Poet Virgil Suspended in a Basket (1521), characterized by a contrived monumentality. Such late prints, which often show the influence of the Italian engraver Marcantonio Raimondi (Raimondi, Marcantonio), are generally considered to be his least successful.Lucas's paintings are of uneven quality and seldom attain the power of his best engravings. The most notable of his early works is doubtless his Self-Portrait (c. 1508). It shows remarkable objectivity and is given a bizarre cast by its garish red-orange background. The loose, spontaneous technique used in this work is unusual for its time. Such early works as The Chess Players (c. 1508) reveal a predilection for narrative painting and characterization, which he used often at the expense of compositional unity. That was largely overcome in his Moses Striking the Rock (1527), the Worship of the Golden Calf, and above all in his masterpiece, the Last Judgment (commissioned 1526), in which the composition is unified by the clear, dominant rhythm of the figures and the logically rendered space.Additional ReadingEllen S. Jacobowitz and Stephanie Loeb Stepanek, The Prints of Lucas van Leyden & His Contemporaries (1983); Elise Lawton Smith, The Paintings of Lucas van Leyden (1992).
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Lucas van Leyden — Autoportrait Nom de naissance Lucas Huighensz Jacobsz Naissance 1494 Leyde Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Lucas van Leyden — Autorretrato Nombre de nacimiento Lucas Hugensz/Lucas Huygenz Nacimiento 1494 Leiden (Holanda) … Wikipedia Español
Lucas van Leyden — Lucas Hugensz van Leyden (* Ende Mai/Anfang Juni 1494 in Leiden; † Ende Mai/Anfang August 1533; auch Lucas von Leyden, in Italien Luca d Olanda) war ein niederländischer Maler und Kupferstecher der Renaissance. Selbstbildnis, Herzog Anton Ulrich… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lucas Van Leyden — Autoportrait Naissance 1494 Rome Décès 1533 Leyde Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Lucas van leyden — Autoportrait Naissance 1494 Rome Décès 1533 Leyde Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Lucas van Leyden — (Leiden, 1494 ndash; August 8 1533 in Leiden), also named either Lucas Hugensz or Lucas Jacobsz, was a Dutch engraver and painter, born and mainly active in Leiden, who was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally… … Wikipedia
Lucas van Leyden — [ lyːkas fɑn lɛi̯də], niederländischer Maler und Grafiker, * Leiden 1494, ✝ ebenda 1533; ab 1508 Schüler von C. Engebrechtsz. Schon die frühesten datierten Stiche (1508) zeigen reiche Beobachtung, hohe Eigenart der Charakteristik und… … Universal-Lexikon
Lucas van Leyden — [lo͞o′käs΄ vän līd′ n] (born Lucas Jacobsz) 1494 1533; Du. painter & etcher … English World dictionary
LUCAS VAN LEYDEN — (c. 1489/94 1533) According to the early seventeenth century art historian Karel van Mander, Lucas van Leyden was precocious, engraving his first works at age nine and becoming equally accomplished in painting, glass painting, and engraving. Born … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Lucas van Leyden — (5 or 6/1494 Leiden 5 or 8/1533 Leiden) (Netherlands); aka Leyden, Lucas Hugensz van / Lucas de Holandere / Van Leyden, Lukas Hugensz Painter, glass painter, engraver, and draughtsman. Trained under his father Huygh Jacobsz. And Cornelis… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators