/lub"euhk/, n.
1. Sir John, 1st Baron Avebury, 1834-1913, English author, natural scientist, and statesman.
2. a city in NW Texas. 173,979.

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City (pop., 2000: 199,564), northwestern Texas, U.S. Located south of Amarillo, it was named for Tom S. Lubbock, a signer of the Texas declaration of independence.

Formed in 1890 from Old Lubbock and Monterey, it developed as a ranching centre and was incorporated in 1909. A tornado in 1970 caused widespread damage. It is one of the nation's leading cotton markets and the centre of a diversified agricultural and industrial region. It is the seat of Texas Tech University (1923).

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      city, seat (1891) of Lubbock county, northwestern Texas, U.S., some 120 miles (190 km) south of Amarillo; it is the commercial hub of the South Plains. Formed in 1890 from Old Lubbock and Monterey and named for Colonel Tom S. Lubbock, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, it developed as a ranching centre, but artesian well water brought mixed farming to the plains that now support cotton and grain as well as cattle.

      Since the arrival of the Santa Fe Railroad, Lubbock has grown to be one of the country's leading inland cotton markets and the centre of a highly diversified agricultural-industrial complex. Petroleum, agricultural, and earth-moving equipment, cottonseed oil, and engineering products are major commodities. Lubbock experienced rapid growth after World War II, its population increasing nearly five-fold from 1940 to 1970. One of the costliest tornadoes in Texas history hit the city in May 1970, causing widespread damage and rendering thousands homeless. Two years later the city allowed the purchase and consumption of alcohol, ending nearly a century of prohibition and its distinction as the largest “dry” city in the United States.

      Educational institutions include Texas Tech University (1923), with a museum and the National Ranching Heritage Center on its campus, and Lubbock Christian University (1957). The Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and other modern hospitals have made Lubbock a regional hub for medical care. Mackenzie State Park and Buffalo Lakes provide recreational facilities. The Lubbock Lake National Historic and State Archeological Landmark, north of the city, preserves archaeological ruins dating from more than 10,000 years ago. The annual Panhandle South Plains Fair is a notable regional event. An especially popular attraction is the Buddy Holly (Holly, Buddy) Walk of Fame, which honours the rock-and-roll singer and other West Texas musicians. Inc. 1909. Pop. (1990) city, 186,206; Lubbock MSA, 222,636; (2000) city, 199,564; Lubbock MSA, 242,628.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Lubbock — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Eric Lubbock, 4. Baron Avebury (* 1928), britischer Politiker (Liberal Demokrat) Francis R. Lubbock (1815–1905), US amerikanischer Politiker und 9. Gouverneur von Texas John Lubbock, 1. Baron Avebury… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lubbock — Lubbock, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 199564 Housing Units (2000): 84066 Land area (2000): 114.808169 sq. miles (297.351780 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.101188 sq. miles (0.262076 sq. km) Total area (2000): 114.909357 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lubbock, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 199564 Housing Units (2000): 84066 Land area (2000): 114.808169 sq. miles (297.351780 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.101188 sq. miles (0.262076 sq. km) Total area (2000): 114.909357 sq. miles (297.613856 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lubbock — [lub′ək] [after T. S. Lubbock, Confederate officer] city in NW Tex.: pop. 200,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Lubbock — (spr. löbb ), Sir John, seit 1899 Lord Avebory, Naturforscher, geb. 30. April 1834 zu Eaton Place in London, trat in das Bankgeschäft seines Vaters, das er bei dessen Tode 1865 übernahm, und führte vielfache Verbesserungen im Bankwesen durch;… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lubbock — (spr. löbb ), Sir John, Lord Avebury, engl. Naturforscher, geb. 30. April 1834 zu London, Bankier das. und Parlamentsmitglied, 1900 Peer, hervorragender Vertreter des Darwinismus; Hauptwerk: »The origin of civilisation« (5. Aufl. 1890; deutsch… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lubbock —   [ lʌbək], Stadt in Nordwesttexas, USA, 193 200 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; TU (gegründet 1923); bedeutender Baumwollmarkt; Verarbeitung landwirtschaftlicher Produkte, Landmaschinenbau; in der Umgebung werden artesische Brunnen für die …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lubbock — Para otros usos de este término, véase John Lubbock (desambiguación). Lubbock Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lubbock — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Lubbock peut faire référence à : Personnes : Eric Reginald Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, un membre du parti libéral démocrate à la chambre des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lubbock — ► C. del centro S de E.U.A., en el NO del estado de Texas; 186 200 h. * * * Ciudad (pob., 2000: 199.564 hab.) en el noroeste del estado de Texas en EE.UU. Se ubica al sur de Amarillo y recibió su nombre en honor a Tom S. Lubbock, uno de los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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