Lowell


Lowell
/loh"euhl/, n.
1. Abbott Lawrence /ab"euht/, 1856-1943, political scientist and educator: president of Harvard University 1909-33.
2. his sister, Amy, 1874-1925, U.S. poet and critic.
3. James Russell, 1819-91, U.S. poet, essayist, and diplomat.
4. Percival, 1855-1916, U.S. astronomer and author (brother of Abbott Lawrence Lowell and Amy Lowell).
5. Robert, 1917-77, U.S. poet.
6. a city in NE Massachusetts, on the Merrimack River. 92,418.
7. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning "little wolf."

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I
City (pop., 2000: 105,167), northeastern Massachusetts, U.S. Settled in 1653 as East Chelmsford, it became a major centre of cotton-textile manufacturing in the 19th century.

It was renamed for industrialist Francis Lowell and was incorporated as a city in 1836. In the 20th century it began losing textile manufacturing to southern states, and it diversified into other industries. The Lowell National Historical Park (established 1978) commemorates the Industrial Revolution in the U.S. It is the birthplace of the artist James McNeill Whistler and the seat of the University of Massachusetts-Lowell.
II
(as used in expressions)
Lowell Amy
Lowell Francis Cabot
Lowell James Russell
Lowell Percival
Lowell Robert
Thomas Lowell Jackson

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      city, Middlesex county, northeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies at the junction of the Concord and Merrimack (Merrimack River) rivers, 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Boston. It was the nation's first planned industrial town. The site was originally settled in 1653 as a farming community known as East Chelmsford. Beginning in the early 19th century, this village grew to become a major cotton- textile-manufacturing centre because of an abundance of waterpower from the Merrimack's Pawtucket Falls (32 feet [10 metres]) and the completion of the Middlesex Canal link to Boston in 1803. By 1824 the locality was crisscrossed by a canal system that served numerous cotton-textile mills along the Merrimack River. The community was incorporated as a town in 1826 and was named for Francis Cabot Lowell (Lowell, Francis Cabot), a pioneer textile industrialist who was influenced by the organizational reforms of Robert Owen (industrial relations). (See also Factory life and rules at Lowell (Factory life and rules at Lowell, Massachusetts, U.S.).) The town's growth was further sustained by the completion of the Boston and Lowell Railroad in 1835.

      By the mid-19th century Lowell had become one of the nation's major industrial cities; it was called the “spindle city” and the “Manchester of America” because of its large textile industries. As such it aroused the interest of such European writers as Charles Dickens and Anthony Trollope, who recorded their impressions of it. Its peak as a textile centre was reached about 1924. Following a period of decline and eventual relocation of the textile mills to Southern states, the city's economy became more diversified and now includes the manufacture of electronics, chemicals, and textiles. Health care, higher education, and other services also are important.

      The birthplace of the artist James Abbott McNeill Whistler (Whistler, James McNeill) is preserved as an art gallery. Lowell has a campus of Middlesex Community College (1969). The University of Massachusetts (Massachusetts, University of) Lowell, formerly the University of Lowell, originated in the 1890s; it obtained university status in 1975 and took its present name in 1991. Lowell National Historical Park, commemorating the first American textile mills, was established in 1978. Inc. city, 1836. Pop. (1990) city, 103,439; Lowell PMSA, 280,578; (2000) city, 105,167; Lowell PMSA, 301,686.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lowell — may refer to:Places;In the United States: * Lowell, Arkansas * Lowell, Florida * Lowell, Indiana * Lowell, Bartholomew County, Indiana * Lowell, Maine * Lowell, Massachusetts **Lowell National Historical Park * Lowell, Michigan * Lowell, North… …   Wikipedia

  • Lowell — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Lugares 2 Personas 2.1 Como un apellido 2.2 Como un nombre propio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lowell — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Lowell (Arizona) Lowell (Arkansas) Lowell (Florida) Lowell (Georgia) Lowell (Idaho) Lowell (Illinois) Lowell (Indiana) Lowell (Iowa) Lowell (Kalifornien) Lowell (Kansas) Lowell (Kentucky)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lowell — Lowell, WI U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 366 Housing Units (2000): 153 Land area (2000): 0.994298 sq. miles (2.575219 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.033431 sq. miles (0.086585 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.027729 sq. miles (2.661804… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lowell — Lowell, Amy Lowell, James Russell Lowell, Robert ► C. del NE de E.U.A., en el NE del estado de Massachusetts, en la aglomeración urbana de Boston; 94 239 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Lowell, Amy Lowell, Francis Cabot Lowell, James Russell …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LOWELL (A.) — LOWELL AMY (1874 1925) Femme de lettres plutôt que poète, l’Américaine Amy Lowell doit surtout sa renommée à la querelle retentissante qui l’opposa à Ezra Pound en 1914. Riche héritière et femme d’affaires avisée, elle pouvait également… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LOWELL (R.) — LOWELL ROBERT (1917 1977) C’est dans le long passage en prose «91 Revere Street» qui fait partie du recueil Life Studies (1959) que le poète américain Robert Lowell retrace sans détours son histoire personnelle et se présente sans complaisance:… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lowell, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 5013 Housing Units (2000): 2044 Land area (2000): 6.260695 sq. miles (16.215126 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.260695 sq. miles (16.215126 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lowell, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 7505 Housing Units (2000): 2809 Land area (2000): 4.080501 sq. miles (10.568448 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.081305 sq. miles (0.210579 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.161806 sq. miles (10.779027 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lowell, MA — U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 105167 Housing Units (2000): 39468 Land area (2000): 13.773290 sq. miles (35.672657 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.762189 sq. miles (1.974060 sq. km) Total area (2000): 14.535479 sq. miles (37.646717 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lowell, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 4013 Housing Units (2000): 1564 Land area (2000): 2.884477 sq. miles (7.470762 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.203763 sq. miles (0.527745 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.088240 sq. miles (7.998507 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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