Louth


Louth
/lowth/, n.
a county in Leinster province, in the NE Republic of Ireland. 88,359; 317 sq. mi. (820 sq. km). Co. seat: Dunkalk.

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Irish   
 county, in the province of Leinster, northeastern Ireland. The smallest county in area in Ireland, it is bounded by Northern Ireland (north), the Irish Sea (east), County Meath (south and west), and County Monaghan (northwest). Most of Louth is part of a central lowland, generally about 200 feet (60 metres) above sea level, and occurrences of glacial drift are found everywhere. Only one-eighth of the county is unimproved land, of which the largest stretch is in the mountains of the Carlingford Peninsula in the northeast. Many patches of peat bog have been cleared and the land used for pasture and crops.

      About two-thirds of the population live in towns, especially Dundalk and Drogheda, both urban districts and seaports. Dundalk is the county town (seat), and there is a county manager. Local agriculture is transitional between the small farm regimes of Counties Down and Armagh and the large grazing farms of Meath. Major crops include oats and vegetables. There is some light industry, but it is generally limited to beer, textiles, and food products. Tourism has become an increasingly important source of income.

      The kingdom of Oriel, established in the 4th century and comprising Louth, Monaghan, and Armagh, was conquered by Anglo-Norman invaders, and in 1185 Prince John annexed the barony of Louth to the English crown. Under Richard II, late in the 14th century, Louth was included in the English Pale. The towns of Drogheda and Dundalk became important, and parliaments were sometimes held in them. In Tudor times (16th century) Dundalk was often a marshalling place for armies that advanced north into Ulster through the Dundalk gap. Notable relics of the monastic period of the Celtic church are in Mellifont and Monasterboice; castles of the Anglo-Norman era are relatively numerous. Area 319 square miles (826 square km). Pop. (2002) 101,821; (2006) 111,267.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Louth — is the name of several locations around the world:* County Louth, Ireland **the village of Louth in County Louth ** County Louth (UK Parliament constituency) (1801 ndash;1885, 1918 ndash;1922), Ireland ** Louth (Dáil Éireann constituency),… …   Wikipedia

  • Louth — ist der Name mehrerer Orte: Louth (New South Wales) in Australien Louth (South Australia) in Australien Louth (Lincolnshire) in England Louth (in der Grafschaft Louth, Irland) und der Grafschaft County Louth in Irland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louth —   [laʊȓ], irisch Lú [luː], County in der Provinz Leinster, Republik Irland, 823 km2, 92 200 Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Dundalk. Louth grenzt im Osten an die Irische See, im Norden an Nordirland. Mit Ausnahme der bergigen Halbinsel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Louth — [louth] county in Leinster province, E Ireland: 317 sq mi (821 sq km); pop. 91,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Louth — (spr. Laußh), 1) Grafschaft der irischen Provinz Leinster, am Irischen Meere, 15,2 QM., meist eben; an der Küste die Bai von Dundalk; bewässert vom Boyue u. dem Droghedakanäle; feuchtes Klima; Ackerbau u. Viehzucht; Fischerei; Leinenweberei,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Louth [1] — Louth (spr. lauth), Küstengrafschaft in der irischen Provinz Leinster, erstreckt sich vom Carlingford Lough bis zum Boyne, grenzt im N. an die Grafschaften Down und Armagh, im W. an Monaghan, im S. an Meath und im O. an die Irische See und umfaßt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Louth [2] — Louth (spr. lauth), Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Lindsey (Lincolnshire), am Ostfuße der Wolds und am Flüßchen Lud, mit gotischer Kirche (13.–16. Jahrh.), Freischule, die der Dichter Tennyson anfangs besuchte, Fabrikation von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Louth — (spr. lauth), östl. Grafsch. Irlands (Prov. Leinster) 818 qkm, (1901) 65.741 E.; Hauptstadt Dundalk …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Louth [2] — Louth (spr. lauth), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Lincoln, (1901) 9518 E.; Industrie, Handel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Louth — (Laush), irische Grafschaft in der Provinz Leinster, an der Dundalkbai, 15 etc. 1/5 M. groß, eben. fruchtbar, mit bedeutender Viehzucht u. Fischerei, Leineindustrie, 91000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Louth — the smallest ↑county in the Republic of Ireland, on the northeast coast …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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