louis


louis
/looh"ee/; Fr. /lwee/, n., pl. louis /looh"eez/; Fr. /lwee/.
See louis d'or.
[1680-90]

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(as used in expressions)
Henry Louis Aaron
Agassiz Jean Louis Rodolphe
Aragon Louis
Louis Andrieux
Armstrong Louis
Barrault Jean Louis
Barthou Jean Louis
Barye Antoine Louis
Berger Victor Louis
Bergson Henri Louis
Berlioz Louis Hector
Blanc Jean Joseph Charles Louis
Bonaparte Louis
Botha Louis
Bougainville Louis Antoine de
Boullée Étienne Louis
Braille Louis
Brandeis Louis Dembitz
Broglie Louis Victor Pierre–Raymond duke de
Buffon Georges Louis Leclerc comte de
Cauchy Augustin Louis Baron
Caulaincourt Armand Augustin Louis marquis de
Cavaignac Louis Eugène
Céline Louis Ferdinand
Louis Ferdinand Destouches
Claudel Paul Louis Charles Marie
Combes Justin Louis Émile
Condé Louis II de Bourbon 4th prince de
Daguerre Louis Jacques Mandé
Darlan Jean Louis Xavier François
Daubenton Louis Jean Marie
David Jacques Louis
Davout Louis Nicolas Prince d'Eckmühl
Dewey Melville Louis Kossuth
Du Buat Pierre Louis Georges
du Maurier George Louis Palmella Busson
Faidherbe Louis Léon César
Farrakhan Louis
Louis Eugene Walcott
Robert Louis Fosse
Frontenac Louis de Buade count de Palluau and de
Garner Erroll Louis
Gates Henry Louis Jr.
Gay Lussac Joseph Louis
Gehrig Henry Louis
George Louis
Géricault Jean Louis André Théodore
Gottschalk Louis Moreau
Guillemin Roger Charles Louis
Hazeltine Louis Alan
Hennepin Louis
Ignarro Louis Joseph
Jackson Jesse Louis
Jesse Louis Burns
Jolliet Louis
Kahn Louis Isadore
Jean Louis Lebris de Kerouac
Kroeber Alfred Louis
L'Amour Louis
Louis Dearborn LaMoore
La Hontan Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce baron de
LaFontaine Sir Louis Hippolyte Baronet
Lagrange Joseph Louis
Le Châtelier Henry Louis
Léopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor
Louis Marie Julien Viaud
Louis the Bavarian
Louis the Pious
Louis the Younger
Louis the Fat
Louis Charles
Louis Stanislas Xavier count de Provence
Louis Joe
Joseph Louis Barrow
Louis Morris
Morris Louis Bernstein
Lumière Auguste and Louis
Lyautey Louis Hubert Gonzalve
MacNeice Louis
Maginot André Louis René
Majorelle Louis
Malle Louis
Louis Georges Rothschild
Mayer Louis Burt
Mencken Henry Louis
Morny Charles Auguste Louis Joseph duke de
Musset Louis Charles Alfred de
Orléans Louis Philippe Joseph duke d'
Papineau Louis Joseph
Pasteur Louis
Rampal Jean Pierre Louis
Riel Louis
Rohan Louis René Édouard prince de
Louis Henri Jean Farigoule
Saint Laurent Louis Stephen
Saint Just Louis Antoine Léon de
Salan Raoul Albin Louis
Spohr Louis
Stevenson Robert Louis Balfour
Sullivan Louis Henry
Louis Turkel
Thiers Louis Adolphe
Thurstone Louis Leon
Tiffany Louis Comfort
Trintignant Jean Louis
William Louis Veeck
Villars Claude Louis Hector duke de
Louis Francis Cristillo
Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart
Goncourt Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de and Jules Alfred Huot de
Montcalm de Saint Véran Louis Joseph de Montcalm Grozon marquis de
Montesquieu Charles Louis de Secondat baron de La Brède et de
Mountbatten of Burma Louis Mountbatten 1st Earl
Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas prince of Battenberg
Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte
Louis Napoléon
Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand de Grimaldi
Samuel of Mount Carmel and of Toxeth Herbert Louis Samuel 1st Viscount

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▪ king of Naples
byname  Louis Of Taranto,  Italian  Luigi Di Taranto 
born 1320, Naples
died May 26, 1362, Naples

      count of Provence (1347–62), as well as prince of Taranto and Achaia, who by his marriage to Queen Joan I of Naples (1343–82) became king of Naples after a struggle with King Louis I of Hungary.

      Louis, who is believed to have played a major role in the murder of Andrew of Hungary, Joan's first husband (September 1345), married Joan in August 1347. When Andrew's brother Louis I of Hungary invaded the kingdom, occupying Naples (1348), the royal couple fled to Avignon, where they received the protection of Pope Clement VI. The Hungarian king left Naples, which Joan and Louis reoccupied briefly before a second Hungarian invasion forced them to flee to Gaeta. Louis' final departure allowed them to return for good in 1352. In the presence of the grand seneschal Niccolò Acciaiuoli (1310–65), their major supporter and counsellor, they were crowned in Naples by a papal legate.

      Having usurped the royal power from Joan, Louis regained much of the island of Sicily, including the capital of Palermo. A barons' revolt, however, forced him to return to the mainland, where he defeated his enemies. His sudden death prevented his return to Sicily.

▪ king of Portugal
born Oct. 31, 1838, Lisbon
died Oct. 19, 1889, Cascais, Port.

      king of Portugal whose reign (1861–89), in contrast to the first half of the century, saw the smooth operation of the constitutional system, the completion of the railway network, the adoption of economic and political reforms, and the modernization of many aspects of Portuguese life.

      The second son of Queen Maria II and her consort, Ferdinand II, Louis succeeded on the early death of his more brilliant elder brother, Peter V. He married Maria Pia, daughter of the King of Italy, in 1862. The reign began inauspiciously amidst financial difficulties.

      In 1868 the question of the Spanish succession caused a crisis when Napoleon III favoured the succession of King Louis or his father Ferdinand. Louis weakly allowed Marshal Saldanha to seize power, but the aged hero was soon forced to resign. Unlike his predecessor, Louis preferred the conservative Regenerator Party, which, under the minister António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo, pursued a policy of economic development and deficit financing. The Progressists accused the King of partisanship and thus favoured the emergence of republicanism. King Louis took a hand in treaties with Britain concerning Mozambique and India and helped to settle other territorial disputes through arbitration. He translated Shakespeare and other works into Portuguese.

▪ king of Spain
born , Aug. 25, 1707, Madrid
died Aug. 31, 1724, Madrid

      king of Spain in 1724, son of Philip V.

      Louis was born during the War of the Spanish Succession, which disputed his French father's succession to the Spanish throne; thus, his birth was celebrated by the French and the Spanish. Louis XIV of France was his great-grandfather. In 1709 he was recognized as heir presumptive, being named príncipe (prince) de Asturias, and succeeded to the throne on Jan. 15, 1724, upon the abdication of his father. On February 9 he was formally proclaimed king. He fell ill, however, probably of smallpox, on August 19 and died 12 days later. Philip V returned to the throne.

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Universalium. 2010.

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