lose


lose
/loohz/, v., lost, losing.
v.t.
1. to come to be without (something in one's possession or care), through accident, theft, etc., so that there is little or no prospect of recovery: I'm sure I've merely misplaced my hat, not lost it.
2. to fail inadvertently to retain (something) in such a way that it cannot be immediately recovered: I just lost a dime under this sofa.
3. to suffer the deprivation of: to lose one's job; to lose one's life.
4. to be bereaved of by death: to lose a sister.
5. to fail to keep, preserve, or maintain: to lose one's balance; to lose one's figure.
6. (of a clock or watch) to run slower by: The watch loses three minutes a day.
7. to give up; forfeit the possession of: to lose a fortune at the gaming table.
8. to get rid of: to lose one's fear of the dark; to lose weight.
9. to bring to destruction or ruin (usually used passively): Ship and crew were lost.
10. to condemn to hell; damn.
11. to have slip from sight, hearing, attention, etc.: to lose him in the crowd.
12. to stray from or become ignorant of (one's way, directions, etc.): to lose one's bearings.
13. to leave far behind in a pursuit, race, etc.; outstrip: She managed to lose the other runners on the final lap of the race.
14. to use to no purpose; waste: to lose time in waiting.
15. to fail to have, get, catch, etc.; miss: to lose a bargain.
16. to fail to win (a prize, stake, etc.): to lose a bet.
17. to be defeated in (a game, lawsuit, battle, etc.): He has lost very few cases in his career as a lawyer.
18. to cause the loss of: The delay lost the battle for them.
19. to let (oneself) go astray, miss the way, etc.: We lost ourselves in the woods.
20. to allow (oneself) to become absorbed or engrossed in something and oblivious to all else: I had lost myself in thought.
21. (of a physician) to fail to preserve the life of (a patient).
22. (of a woman) to fail to be delivered of (a live baby) because of miscarriage, complications in childbirth, etc.
v.i.
23. to suffer loss: to lose on a contract.
24. to suffer defeat or fail to win, as in a contest, race, or game: We played well, but we lost.
25. to depreciate in effectiveness or in some other essential quality: a classic that loses in translation.
26. (of a clock, watch, etc.) to run slow.
27. lose face. See face (def. 30).
28. lose out, to suffer defeat or loss; fail to obtain something desired: He got through the preliminaries, but lost out in the finals.
[bef. 900; ME losen, OE -leosan; r. ME lesen, itself also reflecting OE -leosan; c. G verlieren, Goth fraliusan to lose. See LOSS]

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lose — W1S1 [lu:z] v past tense and past participle lost [lɔst US lo:st] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(stop having attitude/quality etc)¦ 2¦(not win)¦ 3¦(cannot find something)¦ 4¦(stop having something)¦ 5¦(death)¦ 6¦(money)¦ 7 have nothing to lose 8¦(time)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lose — [ luz ] (past tense and past participle lost [ lɔst ] ) verb *** ▸ 1 stop having something ▸ 2 be unable to find ▸ 3 not win ▸ 4 have less than before ▸ 5 when someone dies ▸ 6 no longer see/hear etc. ▸ 7 not have body part ▸ 8 stop having… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lose — [luːz] verb lost PTandPP [lɒst ǁ lɒːst] losing PRESPART [transitive] 1. to stop having something any more, or to have less of it: • The industry has lost 60,000 jobs. • After a boardroom battle, Dixon lost control of the company …   Financial and business terms

  • Lose — (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lost} (l[o^]st; 115) p. pr. & vb. n. {Losing} (l[=oo]z [i^]ng).] [OE. losien to loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE. leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le[ o]san, p. p. loren (in comp.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lose — [lo͞oz] vt. lost, losing [ME losen, lesen, merging OE losian, to lose, be lost (< los, LOSS) + leosan, to lose, akin to OHG (vir)liosan, Goth (fra)liusan < IE base * leu , to cut off, separate > Gr lyein, to dissolve; L luere, to loose,… …   English World dictionary

  • lose — ► VERB (past and past part. lost) 1) be deprived of or cease to have or retain. 2) become unable to find. 3) fail to win. 4) earn less (money) than one is spending. 5) waste or fail to take advantage of. 6) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • Lose — Lose, r, ste, adj. et adv. welches die Bedeutungen der Wörter los, leicht und liederlich in sich zu vereinigen scheinet. Es bedeutet, 1. In mehr eigentlichem Verstande. 1) * Nicht die gehörige Festigkeit habend, in welcher aber los ohne e… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • lose — (v.) O.E. losian be lost, perish, from los destruction, loss, from P.Gmc. *lausa (Cf. O.N. los the breaking up of an army; O.E. forleosan to lose, O.Fris. forliasa, O.S. farliosan, M.Du. verliesen, O.H.G. firliosan, Ger. verlieren …   Etymology dictionary

  • lose — lüz vt, lost lȯst; los·ing 1) to become deprived of or lacking in <lose consciousness> <lost her sense of smell> also to part with in an unforeseen or accidental manner <lose a leg in an auto crash> 2 a) to suffer deprivation… …   Medical dictionary

  • loše — lȍše pril. <komp. gȍrē> DEFINICIJA slabo, krivo, zlo, nevaljalo, pokvareno [loše mi ide; nije loše u dijaloškoj situaciji kao odgovor: vrlo dobro, odlično, bolje od očekivanoga; loše postupati; stvari stoje loše] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi loš …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • lose — [v1] be deprived of; mislay be careless, become poorer, be impoverished, bereave, be reduced, capitulate, consume, default, deplete, disinherit, displace, dispossess, dissipate, divest, drain, drop, exhaust, expend, fail, fail to keep, fall short …   New thesaurus