Los Alamos


Los Alamos
/laws al"euh mohs', los/
a town in central New Mexico: atomic research center. 11,039.

* * *

Town (pop., 2000: 11,909), north-central New Mexico, U.S. It lies on the Pajarito plateau of the Jemez Mountains, northwest of Santa Fe.

The site was chosen by the U.S. government in 1942 as the location for the Manhattan Project, which developed the first atomic bomb. After World War II, the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory developed the first nuclear fusion bomb. The town was built to house laboratory employees; it is still the site of a major nuclear research facility.

* * *

      city, seat (1949) of Los Alamos county, north-central New Mexico, U.S. It lies on the Pajarito Plateau (elevation 7,300 feet [2,225 metres]) of the Jemez Mountains, 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Santa Fe. The site was named Los Alamos (Spanish: “the cottonwoods”) by Ashley Pond, founder of the Los Alamos Ranch School for Boys (1918–43).

      In 1942 Los Alamos was chosen by the U.S. government (because of its comparative isolation and natural facilities) as the location for the Atomic Research Laboratory, then known as the Manhattan Project, which developed the first nuclear-fission, or atomic, bomb. After World War II, the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (later called Los Alamos National Laboratory) developed the first thermonuclear-fusion, or hydrogen, bomb. The laboratory, which is operated by the University of California under contract with the federal government, conducts solar and nuclear research and utilizes more than 300 buildings and a 77-square-mile (199-square-km) area.

      A modern city was built by the government to house employees of the laboratory. It was made “open” in 1957, and in 1962 there was a transfer of property from federal to private ownership. The laboratory remains the city's largest employer. The city has a science museum and a history museum. Bandelier National Monument, site of Ancestral Pueblo (Ancestral Pueblo culture) (Anasazi) ruins, is nearby. Los Alamos was incorporated with a consolidated city-county government in 1969. Pop. (1990) 11,455; (2000) 11,909.

      county, north central New Mexico, U.S. It is a scenic area in the Jemez range of the Southern Rocky Mountains. The Santa Fe National Forest covers the county.

      The first white settlers arrived in the 1880s, and the county (Los Alamos), named for its seat, was established out of parts of Santa Fe and Sandoval counties in 1949; in 1969 the Los Alamos county and city governments were integrated into one government. In land area Los Alamos is the smallest county in New Mexico. The U.S. government owns more than 90 percent of the land, on which nuclear research facilities are located, and nearly 65 percent of the jobs in the county are with the federal government. Area 109 square miles (283 square km). Pop. (2000) 18,343; (2007 est.) 18,558.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Los Alamos — usually refers to the U.S. national laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico which was founded during the World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb (the Manhattan Project). The facility was one of the two laboratories developing the USA s… …   Wikipedia

  • Los Alamos — ist der Name: eines Countys in New Mexico, siehe Los Alamos County eines Labors, siehe Los Alamos National Laboratory eines Ortes in Kalifornien, siehe Los Alamos (Kalifornien) eines Ortes in New Mexico, siehe Los Alamos (New Mexico) Siehe auch:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Los Alamos — Los Alamos, NM U.S. Census Designated Place in New Mexico Population (2000): 11909 Housing Units (2000): 5463 Land area (2000): 10.864295 sq. miles (28.138394 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Los Álamos — (Бенидорм,Испания) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Gerona, 7, 03503 Бенидорм, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Los Alamos, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 1372 Housing Units (2000): 488 Land area (2000): 2.354300 sq. miles (6.097608 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.354300 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Los Alamos, NM — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Mexico Population (2000): 11909 Housing Units (2000): 5463 Land area (2000): 10.864295 sq. miles (28.138394 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.864295 sq. miles …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Los Álamos — puede referirse a: Artículo con el plural de la palabra álamo; Los Álamos, comuna de la región del Biobío, en Chile. Véase también Álamos, desambiguación Álamo, desambiguación El Álamo, desambiguación Esta página d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Los Alamos —   [lɔs æləməʊs], Stadt in New Mexico, USA, 2 225 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 60 km nordwestlich von Santa Fe, 11 500 Einwohner; Sitz des Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Los Alamos — (izg. lȍs èlemes) m DEFINICIJA gradić u državi New Mexico, SAD, o. 15.000 stan.; za vrijeme 2. svjetskog rata kompleks istraživačkih laboratorija u kojima je proizvedena i iskušana prva atomska bomba …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Los Alamos — [lôs al′ə mōs΄, läs] [Sp, lit., the poplars] town in NC N.Mex., near Santa Fe: site of nuclear energy facility where the atomic bomb was developed: pop. 12,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Los Alamos — v. des È. U. (Nouveau Mexique); 11 400 hab. Laboratoires de phys. nucl. La première bombe atomique y fut expérimentée (16 juil. 1945) …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.