/lok"owt'/, n.
the temporary closing of a business or the refusal by an employer to allow employees to come to work until they accept the employer's terms.
[1850-55; n. use of v. phrase lock out]

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Tactic used by employers in labour disputes, in which employees are locked out of the workplace or otherwise denied employment.

In the 1880s and '90s, factory owners in the U.S. often used lockouts against the Knights of Labor, which was struggling to organize industries such as meatpacking and cigar making. The lockout has been used less frequently in modern times, usually as part of a pact among members of employers' associations to frustrate labour unions by closing work facilities in response to strikes.

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▪ labour relations
      the tactic of withholding employment, typically used by employers to hinder union organization or to gain leverage in labour disputes. It is often accomplished by literally locking employees out of the workplace, but it can also be achieved through work stoppage, layoffs, or the hiring of nonunion replacement workers.

      In the United States, lockouts became a common tactic by employers in the 1880s and '90s, when unions of silver and lead miners in Nevada, Colorado, Idaho, and Utah were fighting for an eight-hour day and higher pay. During this period the lockout was also used against the Knights of Labor (KOL) in industries that included meatpacking, cigar making, knitting, and laundering. In fact, the lockout strategy was central to the KOL's demise.

      A lockout can lead to the permanent replacement of striking workers. This tactic gained national recognition in the United States in 1981 during a strike by the Professional Air Traffic Controllers union (PATCO) for better hours and improved working conditions. The highly skilled air traffic controllers believed they could not be replaced. As federal government employees, however, it was illegal for PATCO members to strike. President Ronald Reagan (Reagan, Ronald W.) ordered the replacement of strikers through the hiring of retirees and controllers from other areas such as the military. The success of this strategy led other employers to use the lockout as a tool against labour strikes.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lockout — ist der englische Ausdruck für Aussperrung. Er wird im deutschen Sprachraum gelegentlich verwendet, um entsprechende Aktionen im nordamerikanischen Profisport zu bezeichnen, zum Beispiel in der NBA oder NHL. Ein Lockout ist eine Aktion seitens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lockout — lock·out / läk ˌau̇t/ n: the withholding of employment by an employer in order to gain concessions from or resist demands of employees Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. lockout …   Law dictionary

  • Lockout — may mean:* Lockout (industry), a work stoppage in which an employer prevents some or all employees from working * Lockout (telecommunication), a system to prevent unwanted signals * A daytime period in some hostels during which guests are… …   Wikipedia

  • Lockout — Lock out , n. The closing of a factory or workshop by an employer, usually in order to bring the workmen to satisfactory terms by a suspension of wages. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lockout — also lock out, act of locking out workers, 1854, from LOCK (Cf. lock) (v.) + OUT (Cf. out) …   Etymology dictionary

  • lockout — ► NOUN ▪ the exclusion of employees by their employer from their place of work until certain terms are agreed to …   English terms dictionary

  • lockout — [läk′out΄] n. the refusal by an employer to allow employees to come in to work until agreement is reached, as on contract terms …   English World dictionary

  • Lockout — Lock out auch: Lock|out 〈[ aʊt] n. 15〉 Aussperrung (von Arbeitern) [zu engl. lock out „ausschließen, aussperren“] * * * Lockout   [engl.], sperren. * * * Lock|out [lɔk |aʊt], das, (auch:) der; [s], s, (selten:) die; , s [engl. lockout, zu: to… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • lockout — (1) A prohibition, usually, but not always, for a specified period of time. For example, a prohibition against prepayment of a loan. (2) The period of time before a REMIC investor will begin receiving principal payments. American Banker Glossary… …   Financial and business terms

  • lockout — on the lockout to keep a (sharp) lockout for …   Combinatory dictionary

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