Linotype


Linotype
/luy"neuh tuyp'/
Trademark. a brand of typesetting machine that casts solid lines of type from brass dies, or matrices, selected automatically by actuating a keyboard.

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Trademark name for a typesetting machine by which characters are cast in type metal as a complete line, rather than as individual characters (as on the Monotype typesetting machine).

It was patented in 1884 by Ottmar Mergenthaler. It has now been almost entirely supplanted by photocomposition. In Linotype, a keyboard is manipulated to compose each line of text. The slugs produced by the machine are rectangular solids of type metal (an alloy of lead, antimony, and tin) with raised characters that are a mirror image of the desired printed line. After hot-metal casting, the slug of type, air-cooled briefly, is placed in a "stick" for insertion in the proper position into the press form being made up. See also letterpress printing, printing.

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 (trademark), typesetting machine by which characters are cast in type metal as a complete line, rather than as individual characters as on the Monotype typesetting machine. It was patented in the United States in 1884 by Ottmar Mergenthaler (Mergenthaler, Ottmar). Linotype, which has now largely been supplanted by photocomposition, was most often used when large amounts of straight text matter were to be set.

      In Linotype, the operator selects a magazine containing brass matrices to mold an entire font of type of the size and face specified in the copy at hand. A keyboard is manipulated (or driven by paper or magnetic computer tape) to select the matrices needed to compose each line of text, including tapered spacebands, which automatically wedge the words apart to fill each line perfectly. Each matrix is transported to an assembling unit at the mold.

      The slugs produced by the machine are rectangular solids of type metal (an alloy of lead, antimony, and tin) as long as the line or column measure selected. Raised characters running along the top are a mirror-image of the desired printed line. After hot-metal casting, a distributing mechanism returns each matrix to its place in the magazine. The slug of type, air-cooled briefly, is then placed in a “stick” for insertion in the proper position into the press form being assembled or made up.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Linotype AG — Linotype GmbH ist der Name eines Unternehmens, das Schriften in digitaler Form vertreibt bzw. lizenziert. Im weiteren bezeichnet Linotype im Umfeld des Schriftsatzes und der Drucktechnik die Linotype Setzmaschine. Firmengeschichte Linotype wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • linotype — [ linɔtip ] n. f. • 1889; mot angl. amér., pour line of types « ligne de caractères » ♦ Imprim. Machine à composer au plomb, qui fond d un bloc chaque ligne de caractères (ligne bloc) que l on compose sur un clavier. Matrice d une linotype. Abrév …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Linotype — fue originariamente una compañía norteamericana, formada en 1886 para comercializar la máquina Linotipia inventada por Ottmar Mergenthaler, Mergenthaler Linotype (pronunciado / laɪnəˌtaɪp/) se convirtió en la mayor compañía de equipamiento para… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Linotype — can refer to:* Linotype (alloy) * Mergenthaler Linotype Company * Linotype machine …   Wikipedia

  • Linotype — 1886, Amer.Eng., trademark name (Mergenthaler Linotype Co.), from line o type, for a composing machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler (1854 1899) in widespread use in newspaper production early 20c …   Etymology dictionary

  • Linotype — Lin o*type, n. [See {Line}; {Type}.] (Print.) (a) A kind of typesetting machine which produces castings, each of which corresponds to a line of separate types. By pressing the keys of a keyboard like one on a typewriter, the matrices for one line …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Linotype — Linotȳpe, s. Setzmaschine …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • linotype® — {{hw}}{{linotype®}}{{/hw}}Sistema di composizione tipografica meccanica, che fornisce linee intere fuse in un unico blocchetto | Nome commerciale di una macchina che realizza tale composizione …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Linotype — ☆ Linotype [līn′ə tīp΄ ] [< line of type] trademark for a typesetting machine that casts an entire line of type in one bar, or slug: it is operated from a keyboard n. [often l ] 1. a machine of this kind 2. matter set in this way vt., vi.… …   English World dictionary

  • Linotype® — /līˈnō tīp or nə / noun 1. A machine for producing stereotyped lines of printer s type 2. A slug or line of printing type cast in one piece by this method …   Useful english dictionary


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