leviathan


leviathan
/li vuy"euh theuhn/, n.
1. (often cap.) Bible. a sea monster.
2. any huge marine animal, as the whale.
3. anything of immense size and power, as a huge, oceangoing ship.
4. (cap., italics) a philosophical work (1651) by Thomas Hobbes dealing with the political organization of society.
[1350-1400; ME levyathan < LL leviathan Heb liwyathan]

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▪ Middle Eastern mythology
Hebrew  Livyatan,  

      in Jewish mythology, a primordial sea serpent. Its source is in prebiblical Mesopotamian (Mesopotamian mythology) myth, especially that of the sea monster in the Ugaritic myth of Baal (see Yamm). In the Old Testament, Leviathan appears in Psalms 74:14 as a multiheaded sea serpent that is killed by God and given as food to the Hebrews in the wilderness. In Isaiah 27:1, Leviathan is a serpent and a symbol of Israel's enemies, who will be slain by God. In Job 41, it is a sea monster and a symbol of God's power of creation.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leviathan — (Hebrew Name|לִוְיָתָן|Livyatan|Liwyāṯān| Twisted; coiled ) is a Biblical sea monster referred to in the Old Testament (Psalm 74:13 14; Job 41; Isaiah 27:1). The word leviathan has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In the… …   Wikipedia

  • Leviathan — Léviathan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Léviathan (homonymie). La destruction du Léviathan, gravure de Gustave Doré, 1865 Le léviathan (de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LÉVIATHAN — Nom (en hébreu: liwyatan ) d’un serpent mythique qu’on rencontre à plusieurs reprises dans la poésie hébraïque et biblique (Job, Psaumes, Isaïe). Sous ce nom et sous d’autres appellations, il appartient plus largement à la mythologie sémitique.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEVIATHAN — (Heb. לִוְיָתָן, livyatan; Ugaritic ltn, presumably pronounced lōtanu, or possibly, lītanu). In the Bible and talmudic literature the leviathan denotes various marine animals, some real, others legendary, and others again both real and legendary …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Léviathan 99 — est un recueil de nouvelles de l auteur américain Ray Bradbury paru en France en janvier 2010 dans la collection Lunes d encre des éditions Denoël[1]. Il regroupe des nouvelles parues aux États Unis dans deux recueils : The Cat s… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • leviathan — late 14c., sea monster, sea serpent, also regarded as a form of Satan, from L.L. leviathan, from Heb. livyathan dragon, serpent, huge sea animal, of unknown origin, perhaps related to liwyah wreath, from root l w h to wind, turn, twist. Of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Leviathan — Le*vi a*than (l[ e]*v[imac] [.a]*than), n. [Heb. livy[=a]th[=a]n.] [1913 Webster] 1. An aquatic animal, described in the book of Job, ch. xli., and mentioned in other passages of Scripture. [1913 Webster] Note: It is not certainly known what… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leviathan — Leviathan, 1) in der Bibel wahrscheinlich das Krokodil, nach And. die vorweltliche Rieseneidechse (Megalosaurus); 2) (spr. Liveiaßhan, Great Eastern, spr. Gret Ihst rn), ein Riesendampfschiff, welches 1856–58, auf der Themse, unterhalb London,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leviathan — Leviathan, heißt auch ein Rossesches Teleskop, s.u. Rosse …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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