legislature


legislature
/lej"is lay'cheuhr/, n.
a deliberative body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal the laws of a country or state; the branch of government having the power to make laws, as distinguished from the executive and judicial branches of government.
[1670-80; LEGISLAT(OR) + -URE]

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Lawmaking branch of a government.

Before the advent of legislatures, the law was dictated by monarchs. Early European legislatures include the English Parliament and the Icelandic Althing (founded с 930). Legislatures may be unicameral or bicameral (see bicameral system). Their powers may include passing laws, establishing the government's budget, confirming executive appointments, ratifying treaties, investigating the executive branch, impeaching and removing from office members of the executive and judiciary, and redressing constituents' grievances. Members may be appointed or directly or indirectly elected; they may represent an entire population, particular groups, or territorial subdistricts. In presidential systems, the executive and legislative branches are clearly separated; in parliamentary systems, members of the executive branch are chosen from the legislative membership. See also Bundestag; Congress of the United States; Diet; Duma; European Parliament; Knesset; Canadian Parliament.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • législature — [ leʒislatyr ] n. f. • 1741; « législation » 1636; de législateur, d apr. l angl. legislature 1 ♦ Rare Le corps législatif d un pays. ⇒ assemblée, parlement. 2 ♦ (1791) Cour. Période durant laquelle une assemblée législative exerce ses pouvoirs.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • legislature — le‧gis‧la‧ture [ˈledʒsleɪtʆə, lətʆə ǁ ər] noun [countable] LAW an institution that has the power to make or change laws, for example a parliament: • the Iowa state legislature * * * legislature UK US /ˈledʒɪslətʃʊər/ US  / tʃɚ/ noun [C]… …   Financial and business terms

  • Legislature — Leg is*la ture (l[e^]j [i^]s*l[=a] t[ u]r; 135), n. [Cf. F. l[ e]gislature.] The body of persons in a state or kingdom invested with power to make and repeal laws; a legislative body. [1913 Webster] Without the concurrent consent of all three… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • legislature — leg·is·la·ture / le jəs ˌlā chər, ˌchu̇r/ n: a body of persons having the power to legislate; specif: an organized body having the authority to make laws for a political unit (as a nation or state) compare executive, judiciary Merriam Webster’s… …   Law dictionary

  • Legislature — Législature Une législature est le mandat d’un parlement, c est également la durée de ce mandat depuis l installation d une assemblée législative jusqu à l expiration de ses pouvoirs. Listes de législatures Liste des législatures allemandes Liste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • legislature — 1670s; see LEGISLATOR (Cf. legislator) + URE (Cf. ure) …   Etymology dictionary

  • legislature — [n] governmental body, most often elected, that makes laws assembly, body, chamber, congress, council, diet, house, house of representatives, lawmakers, parliament, plenum, senate, voice of the people; concept 299 …   New thesaurus

  • legislature — ► NOUN ▪ the legislative body of a state …   English terms dictionary

  • legislature — [lej′islā΄chər] n. [see LEGISLATOR & URE] a body of persons given the responsibility and power to make laws for a country or state; specif., the lawmaking body of a state, corresponding to the U.S. Congress …   English World dictionary

  • Legislature — A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend, and change laws. The law created by a legislature is called legislation or statutory law.Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being… …   Wikipedia

  • legislature — n. 1) to convene a legislature 2) to disband, dismiss, dissolve a legislature 3) a bicameral legislature * * * [ ledʒɪsleɪtʃə] dismiss dissolve a legislature a bicameral legislature to convene a legislature to disband …   Combinatory dictionary


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