/leedz/, n.a city in West Yorkshire, in N England. 749,000.
* * *City and metropolitan borough (pop., 2001: 715,404), metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England.It lies along the River Aire, northeast of Manchester. It originated as an Anglo-Saxon township and was incorporated as a city in 1626, becoming an early centre of the woolen industry. The completion in 1816 of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal stimulated its growth, and the factory production of ready-made clothing expanded rapidly at the end of the 19th century. It is the seat of the University of Leeds.
* * *urban area, city, and metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England. It lies along the River Aire (Aire, River) about 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Manchester. The coal and iron ore deposits in the locality, a plentiful supply of soft water from the Aire's tributaries, and the city's excellent transportation links through the Pennines helped make it the industrial capital of Yorkshire. It is the largest city in Yorkshire and one of Britain's major cultural centres.Leeds originated as an Anglo-Saxon township on the north bank of the Aire. It grew as a local market centre and was incorporated in 1626. By then the town was a cloth-finishing centre for a wide area where domestic weaving, introduced by 14th-century Flemish weavers, was pursued. By the 16th century Leeds was able to challenge the supremacy of York and Beverley in the woolen- manufacturing trade. With the Industrial Revolution and development of the local coalfield, the woolen industry was surpassed in importance by engineering, and for a time pottery and linen manufacture were also important. The completion in 1816 of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal also stimulated Leeds's growth, and after 1848 the railway made the city a major centre of locomotive engineering. The end of that century saw a great expansion of the factory production of ready-made clothing, drawing labour from an influx of Jewish immigrants into the city.In the modern city, factories are largely concentrated in the southern and eastern areas, where engineering and electronics, printing and publishing, food processing, chemicals, and furniture are especially noteworthy among a great diversity of industries. Leeds is also an important regional centre for insurance and financial services and is the major shopping and commercial centre for West Yorkshire.There are few historic buildings in the city proper, and new housing estates in both the suburbs and the city centre have replaced former slum areas. Retail shopping markets, grain and stock exchanges, and some fine Victorian arcades occupy the old town site. Nearby is the Town Hall (1858), an impressive Victorian building that contains the law courts and a large concert hall; triennial musical festivals are held in the Town Hall. The city's more modern civic buildings include the Civic Hall (1933). There is also a civic theatre. Leeds has two universities, many specialized colleges, and a boys' grammar school that was founded in 1552. Other amenities include a nationally famous cricket ground at Headingley, a football (soccer) ground at Elland Road, a championship golf course at Moortown, and more than 200 parks and open spaces, chief among which is Roundhay Park.Besides the historic town and urban area of Leeds, the city and metropolitan borough include the towns of Morley, Pudsey, Horsforth, Garforth, Kippax, and Rothwell and an area of open countryside, woodlands, and rural villages. The M1 motorway from London to Leeds crosses the M62 motorway connecting Liverpool and Manchester with Kingston upon Hull. Northwest of Leeds is an airport at Yeadon. Area metropolitan borough, 213 square miles (552 square km). Pop. (2001) Leeds urban area, 443,247; metropolitan borough, 715,402.
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См. также в других словарях:
Leeds — Rathaus von Leeds Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Leeds — • Diocese embracing the West Riding of Yorkshire, and that part of the city of York to the south of the River Ouse Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Leeds Leeds … Catholic encyclopedia
LEEDS — LEEDS, cloth manufacturing city in Yorkshire, N. England. Jews first appear here in the late 18th century. However, a community was founded only c. 1823 and a cemetery acquired only in 1837. Until 1846 a small room served as synagogue, larger… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Leeds — Leeds, NY U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 369 Housing Units (2000): 222 Land area (2000): 0.520349 sq. miles (1.347697 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012144 sq. miles (0.031452 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.532493 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
LEEDS — Grande ville du comté de West Yorkshire en Grande Bretagne, Leeds est le principal centre d’une conurbation qui rassemble près des trois quarts de la population du comté, la «conurbation du West Yorkshire». Celle ci comprend deux séries de villes … Encyclopédie Universelle
Leeds — es un ciudad importante del norte de Inglaterra en el Reino Unido, y que formaba parte del condado de West Yorkshire. Está ubicada en el río Aire. Tiene una población de más de 400.000 habitantes por lo que a la zona urbana se refiere y de más de … Enciclopedia Universal
Leeds, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 10455 Housing Units (2000): 4585 Land area (2000): 22.345981 sq. miles (57.875822 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.149954 sq. miles (0.388378 sq. km) Total area (2000): 22.495935 sq. miles (58.264200 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Leeds, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 464 Housing Units (2000): 282 Land area (2000): 0.455424 sq. miles (1.179542 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.455424 sq. miles (1.179542 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Leeds, NY — U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 369 Housing Units (2000): 222 Land area (2000): 0.520349 sq. miles (1.347697 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012144 sq. miles (0.031452 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.532493 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Leeds, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 547 Housing Units (2000): 240 Land area (2000): 2.043448 sq. miles (5.292506 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.043448 sq. miles (5.292506 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Leeds — (spr. Lihds), 1) Stadt im West Riding der englischen Grafschaft York, am Aire, in welchen hier der Leeds Liverpool Kanal mündet; hat 4 Hospitäler, Armenhaus, Gefängniß, Theater, Bibliothek, Wohlthätigkeitsgesellschaft; L. ist Knotenpunkt der… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon