- Latin America
—Latin American. —Latin-American, n., adj.the part of the American continents south of the United States in which Spanish, Portuguese, or French is officially spoken.
* * *Countries of South America and North America (including Central America and the islands of the Caribbean Sea) south of the U.S.; the term is often restricted to countries where either Spanish or Portuguese is spoken.The colonial era in Latin America began in the 15th–16th centuries when explorers such as Christopher Columbus and Amerigo Vespucci made voyages of discovery to the New World. The conquistadores who followed, including Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro, brought Spanish rule to much of the region. In 1532 the first Portuguese settlement was made in Brazil. The Roman Catholic church soon established many missions in Latin America. Roman Catholicism is still the chief religion in most Latin American countries, though the number of Protestants and Evangelicals has grown. Spanish and Portuguese colonists arrived in increasing numbers; they enslaved the native Indian population, which was soon decimated by ill treatment and disease, and then imported African slaves to replace them. A series of movements for independence, led by José de San Martín, Simón Bolívar, and others, swept Latin America in the early 19th century. Federal republics were promulgated across the region, but many of the new countries collapsed into political chaos and were taken over by dictators or military juntas, a situation that persisted into the 20th century. In the 1990s a trend toward democratic rule reemerged; in socialist-run countries many state-owned industries were privatized, and efforts toward regional economic integration were accelerated.
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Latin America — Latin American redirects here. For Latin American people, see Latin Americans. Latin America Area 21,069,501 km2 (8,134,980 sq mi) Population 572,039,894 … Wikipedia
Latin America — that part of the Western Hemisphere south of the U.S., in Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, & South America, where Spanish, Portuguese, & French are the official languages Latin American n., adj … English World dictionary
Latin America — 1862; see LATIN (Cf. Latin) (adj.). Related: Latin American (adj.), 1871 … Etymology dictionary
Latin America — Lat in A*me ri*ca, prop. n. That part of the American continents that speak Spanish, Portuguese, or French; the part of the American continents south of the United States. [PJC] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
LATIN AMERICA — Colonial Period Jews were prohibited from entering Spanish America throughout the colonial period. Although a few Jews who could not be regarded as new christians managed to enter illegally, the history of Jews in Spanish colonial America is… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Latin America — noun the parts of North America and South America to the south of the United States where Romance languages are spoken (Freq. 3) • Derivationally related forms: ↑Latin American • Regions: ↑North America, ↑South America • Members of this Region: ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Latin America — Latin A|mer|i|ca n the countries of South America and Central America, where Spanish and Portuguese are spoken … Dictionary of contemporary English
Latin America — noun Those parts of the Americas which speak Spanish or Portuguese, Latin derived languages: South America, Central America, Mexico, and most islands of the Carribean. See Also: latino, Latin American … Wiktionary
Latin America — geographical name 1. Spanish America & Brazil 2. all of the Americas S of the United States • Latin American adjective • Latin American noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
Latin America — UK / US noun [uncountable] the part of the American continent consisting of Mexico, Central America, and South America, where Spanish and Portuguese are the main languages … English dictionary