latex


latex
/lay"teks/, n., pl. latices /lat"euh seez'/, latexes.
1. a milky liquid in certain plants, as milkweeds, euphorbias, poppies, or the plants yielding India rubber, that coagulates on exposure to air.
2. Chem. any emulsion in water of finely divided particles of synthetic rubber or plastic.
[1655-65; < NL, special use of L latex water, juice, liquid]

* * *

Any of several natural or synthetic colloidal suspensions (see colloid).

Some latexes occur naturally in the cells of plants such as chicle and rubber trees. They are complex mixtures of organic compounds, including various gum resins, fats, or waxes and, in some instances, poisonous compounds, suspended in a watery medium with dissolved salts, sugars, tannins, alkaloids, enzymes, and other substances from which the latex (or natural rubber, the only available rubber until 1926) can be concentrated, coagulated, and vulcanized. Synthetic latexes (e.g., neoprene), made by emulsion polymerization from styrene-butadiene copolymer, acrylate resins, polyvinyl acetate, or other materials, are used as paints and coatings; the plastic, dispersed in the water, forms films by fusion as the water evaporates.

* * *

       computer programming language used for typesetting technical documents.

      LaTeX is a free software package created in 1985 by the American computer scientist Leslie Lamport as an addition to the TeX typesetting system. LaTeX was created to make it easier to produce general-purpose books and articles within TeX. Because LaTeX is an extension to the TeX typesetting system, it has TeX's ability to typeset technical documents that contain complex mathematical equations. This feature made LaTeX popular with scientists and engineers.

      Producing a LaTeX document begins with a text file containing content that is tagged with special LaTeX codes used to indicate how the text will be styled. When the file is run through a LaTeX processor, typeset pages are produced. Because LaTeX typesetting requires wrapping text in complicated computer codes, it has a fairly steep learning curve. Although there are now software programs that help automate the creation of LaTeX documents, a working knowledge of LaTeX is still desirable for this kind of typesetting.

      LaTeX was one of the first typesetting programs able to produce complex mathematical equations. Over the years it has been used to typeset many science, mathematics, and engineering journals. The American Mathematical Society (AMS) even has its own set of extensions, called AMS-LaTeX, that its contributors use for its journal. But as desktop publishing programs such as Quark Inc.'s QuarkXPress and Adobe Systems Incorporated's FrameMaker became more capable of producing complex mathematical expressions, LaTeX became less popular.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • latex — latex …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • LaTeX — Entwickler Leslie Lamport Aktuelle Version 2ε Betriebssystem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LATEX — Entwickler: Leslie Lamport Aktuelle Version: 2ε Betriebssystem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LaTeX — ( pronEng|ˈleɪtɛk or IPA|/ˈleɪtɛx/) is a document markup language and document preparation system for the TeX typesetting program. Within the typesetting system, its name is styled as .LaTeX is most widely used by mathematicians, scientists,… …   Wikipedia

  • Latex — refers generically to a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium. Latexes may be natural or synthetic. Latex as found in nature is the milky sap of many plants that coagulates on exposure to air. It is a complex …   Wikipedia

  • LATEX — On désigne sous le nom de latex des émulsions aqueuses naturelles d’origine végétale, ayant l’aspect du lait. Elles sont caractéristiques d’un certain nombre de familles possédant des formations sécrétrices spéciales, les canaux laticifères.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • latex — LÁTEX, latexuri, s.n. Suc lăptos secretat de anumite plante. – Din fr., lat. latex. Trimis de baron, 16.02.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  LÁTEX s. (bot.) (pop.) suc. (latex al plantelor laticifere.) Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  látex s …   Dicționar Român

  • Latex — (von lateinisch latex = Flüssigkeit, Plural: Latices) bezeichnet: allgemein eine Polymerdispersion speziell Naturlatex, Dispersionen von Naturkautschuk den Werkstoff Gummi in der Umgangssprache Latexkleidung in der Umgangssprache LaTeX, eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Latex — La tex, n. [L.] 1. (Bot.) A milky or colored juice in certain plants in cavities (called latex cells or latex tubes). It contains the peculiar principles of the plants, whether aromatic, bitter, or acid, and in many instances yields caoutchouc… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • látex — (Del lat. latex, ĭcis, licor, sustancia líquida). 1. m. Bot. Jugo propio de muchos vegetales, que circula por los vasos laticíferos. Es de composición muy compleja y de él se obtienen sustancias tan diversas como el caucho, la gutapercha, etc. El …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • latex — (n.) 1660s, body fluid, from L. latex (gen. laticis) liquid, fluid, probably from Gk. latax dregs, from PIE root *lat wet (Cf. M.Ir. laith beer, Welsh llaid mud, mire, Lith. latakas pool, puddle, O.N. leþja …   Etymology dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.