Last Supper


Last Supper
1. the supper of Jesus and His disciples on the eve of His Crucifixion. Cf. Lord's Supper (def. 1).
2. a work of art representing this.
3. (italics.)The, a mural (1495-98) by Leonardo da Vinci.

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also called  Lord's Supper,  
 in the New Testament (Matt. 26:17–29; Mark 14:12–25; Luke 22:7–38; I Cor. 11:23–25), the final meal shared by Jesus and his disciples in an upper room in Jerusalem, the occasion of the institution of the Eucharist. According to the biblical account, Jesus sent two of his disciples to prepare for the meal and met with all the disciples in the upper room. He told them that one of them would betray him. After blessing bread and wine and giving it to them to eat and drink, Jesus told them that it was his body and his blood of the Covenant.

      The Synoptic Gospels and the early traditions of the church affirm that the Last Supper occurred on the Passover. Although the account of the Crucifixion in the Gospel According to John indicates that the Last Supper could not have been a Passover meal, many interpreters accept the account given in the Synoptic Gospels. Two aspects of the Last Supper have been traditionally depicted in Christian art: Christ's revelation to his Apostles that one of them will betray him and their reaction to this announcement, and the institution of the sacrament of the Eucharist with the communion of the Apostles. Early Christian art (c. 2nd–c. 6th century) stressed neither aspect of the Last Supper to the exclusion of the other, but thereafter the East generally favoured compositions emphasizing the symbolic aspects of the event, and the West favoured those emphasizing the narrative.

      In early Christian art the presence of a fish on the table symbolizes the institution of the Eucharist. This symbol appeared in Western depictions of the communion of the Apostles until the 15th century, when a chalice and wafer were substituted for it.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Last Supper — ► NOUN ▪ the supper eaten by Jesus and his disciples on the night before the Crucifixion …   English terms dictionary

  • Last Supper — For other uses, see The Last Supper (disambiguation). Depictions of the Last Supper in Christian art have been undertaken by artistic masters for centuries, Leonardo da Vinci s late 1490s mural painting in Milan, Italy, being perhaps the best… …   Wikipedia

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  • Last Supper —    On the eve of his arrest, Christ took his last meal with his apostles. Since on the occasion he declared that the wine they were consuming represented his blood and the bread his body, the event marks the institution of the Eucharist as a holy …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Last Supper — Last′ Sup′per n. rel the supper of Jesus and His disciples on the eve of His Crucifixion Compare Lord s Supper 2) …   From formal English to slang

  • Last Supper — /last ˈsʌpə/ (say lahst supuh) noun Bible the supper of Jesus and the Apostles on the eve of the Crucifixion, at which he instituted the sacrament of the Lord s Supper …   Australian English dictionary

  • Last Supper — supper of Jesus and his apostles on the eve of his crucifixion …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Last Supper — Last Sup|per, the 1.) in the New Testament of the Bible, the meal eaten by Jesus and his twelve ↑disciples on the evening before he was crucified. Jesus gave everyone bread and wine, and the Christian ceremony of the ↑Eucharist is based on this… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Last Supper — noun the traditional Passover supper of Jesus with his disciples on the eve of his crucifixion • Syn: ↑Lord s Supper • Hypernyms: ↑Seder, ↑Passover supper …   Useful english dictionary


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