lard


lard
lardlike, adj.
/lahrd/, n.
1. the rendered fat of hogs, esp. the internal fat of the abdomen.
v.t.
2. to apply lard or grease to.
3. to prepare or enrich (lean meat, chicken, etc.) with pork or fat, esp. with lardons.
4. to supplement or enrich with something for improvement or ornamentation: a literary work larded with mythological allusions.
[1300-50; ME (v.), late ME (n.) < MF larder (v.), lard (n.) < L lar(i)dum bacon fat; akin to Gk larinós fat (adj.)]

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      soft, creamy, white solid or semisolid fat with butter-like consistency, obtained by rendering or melting the fatty tissue of hogs. A highly valued cooking and baking fat, lard is blended, frequently after modification by molecular rearrangement or hydrogenation, with other fats and oils to make shortening. Antioxidants are usually added to lard and shortenings to protect against rancidity. Lard is also used in pharmacy and perfumery to make ointments and pomades.

      Lard varies with the production method and the fat-bearing animal parts used. Steam- or wet-rendered lard is made by injecting steam under pressure into a closed vessel containing hog fats. Open-kettle-rendered or dry-rendered (enclosed-system) lards, which are darker in colour, are made by melting hog fats in steam-jacketed vessels; the residue is called cracklings. Neutral lard is prepared by melting leaf fat (from around the kidneys) and back fat at about 49° C (120° F). Continuous rendering involves grinding, rapid heating, and separation of fat from the cells by centrifuging. Lard composition varies with the diet of the hogs. The predominant fatty acids are oleic, palmitic, stearic, and linoleic.

      Lard oil is the clear, colourless oil pressed from pure lard after it has been crystallized, or grained, at 7° C (45° F). It is used as a lubricant, in cutting oils, and in soap manufacture. The solid residue, lard stearin, is used in shortenings and as a source of saturated fatty acids.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lard — lard …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • lard — [ lar ] n. m. • XIIe; lat. lardum 1 ♦ Graisse ferme formant une couche épaisse dans le tissu sous cutané du porc, employée en cuisine (⇒ 2. flèche). Gros lard (vx), lard gras, qui ne contient aucune partie de chair musculaire; petit lard (vx),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lard — Жанры хардкор индастриал Годы с 1989 Страна …   Википедия

  • Lard — Lard, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Larded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Larding}.] [F. larder. See {Lard}, n.] 1. To stuff with bacon; to dress or enrich with lard; esp., to insert lardons of bacon or pork in the surface of, before roasting; as, to lard poultry.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lard — (l[aum]rd), n. [F., bacon, pig s fat, L. lardum, laridum; cf. Gr. (?) fattened, fat.] 1. Bacon; the flesh of swine. [Obs.] Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. The fat of swine, esp. the internal fat of the abdomen; also, this fat melted and strained. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lard — s.n. (reg.) Slănină grasă. – lat. lardum. Trimis de LauraGellner, 21.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  LARD s. v. slănină. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  lard s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa …   Dicționar Român

  • lard — [lärd] n. [OFr < L lardum, bacon fat, lard < IE base * lai , fat > Gr larinos, fattened, fat, L largus, large] the soft, white solid made by melting down and clarifying the fat of hogs, esp. the inner abdominal fat vt. [ME larden <… …   English World dictionary

  • lard|y — «LAHR dee», adjective, lard|i|er, lard|i|est. 1. full of or like lard: »Her face was wide and flat and lardy white (New Yorker). Figurative. The President has sent to Congress a lardy budget ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • lard — Lard, Lardum. Second lard et porceau, Qui sert de lard, Iam hortum ipsi agricolae alteram succidiam appellant …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Lard — (l[aum]rd), v. i. To grow fat. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lard — m. lard …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu


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