- Lao She
/low" shu"/, Pinyin, Wade-Giles. (Shu Qingchun, Shu Ch'ing-ch'un)1899-1966, Chinese novelist.
* * *orig. Shu Qingchun or Shu Sheyuborn Feb. 3, 1899, Beijing, Chinadied Aug. 24?, 1966, BeijingChinese writer.He worked as an educator before going to England in 1924, and he was inspired to write his first novel while reading the works of Charles Dickens to improve his English. He originally championed strong, hard-working individuals but later expressed the futility of the individual's struggle against society, as in Luotuo Xiangzi (1936), the tragic story of a ricksha puller; Rickshaw Boy, an unauthorized translation with a happy ending (1945), became a U.S. best-seller. After the onset of the Sino-Japanese War, he wrote lesser patriotic and propagandistic plays and novels. In 1966 he fell victim to the Cultural Revolution.
* * *▪ Chinese authorpseudonym of Shu Sheyu , original name Shu Qingchunborn February 3, 1899, Beijing, Chinadied August 24, 1966, BeijingChinese author of humorous, satiric novels and short stories and, after the onset of the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45), of patriotic and propagandistic plays and novels.A member of the Manchu ethnic minority, Shu Sheyu served as principal of an elementary school at age 17 and soon worked his way up to district supervisor. In 1924 he went to England, teaching Mandarin Chinese to support himself and collaborating for five years on a translation of the great Ming-dynasty novel Jinpingmei. Reading the novels of Charles Dickens to improve his English, Shu Sheyu was inspired to write his own first novel, Lao Zhang di zhexue (“Philosophy of Lao Zhang”), which was serialized in the journal Xiaoshuo yuebao (“Short-Story Magazine”) in 1926. He completed two more novels, in which he developed the theme that the strong, hardworking individual could reverse the tide of stagnation and corruption plaguing China. When Lao She returned to China in 1931, he found that he had achieved some fame as a comic novelist, and so he continued to create his humorous, action-packed works.In Niu Tianci zhuan (1934; “The Life of Niu Tianci”), Lao She changed his individualist theme to one stressing the importance of the total social environment and the futility of the individual's struggle against such an environment. His new theme found its clearest expression in his masterpiece, Luotuo Xiangzi (1936; “Xiangzi the Camel”; Eng. trans. Rickshaw or Camel Xiangzi), the tragic story of the trials of a rickshaw puller in Beijing. An unauthorized and bowdlerized English translation, titled Rickshaw Boy (1945), with a happy ending quite foreign to the original story, became a best seller in the United States.During the Sino-Japanese War, Lao She headed the All-China Anti-Japanese Writers Federation, encouraging writers to produce patriotic and propagandistic literature. His own works were inferior and propagandistic. His best work of this period was his novel Sishi tong tang (1944–50; “Four Generations Under One Roof”).In 1946–47 Lao She traveled to the United States on a cultural grant, lecturing and overseeing the translation of several of his novels, including The Yellow Storm (1951), which was never published in Chinese, and his last novel, The Drum Singers (1952; its Chinese version, Gu shu yi ren, was not published until 1980). Upon his return to China he was active in various cultural movements and literary committees and continued to write his propagandistic plays, among them the popular Longxugou (1951; Dragon Beard Ditch) and Chaguan (1957; Teahouse), which displayed his fine linguistic talents in its reproduction of the Beijing dialect.Lao She fell victim to persecution at the outset of the Cultural Revolution in 1966, and it is widely believed that he died as a result of a beating by Red Guards.
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Lao She — (zh cp|c=老舍|p=Lǎo Shě, February 3, 1899 – August 24, 1966) was a notable Chinese writer. A novelist and dramatist, he was one of the most significant figures of 20th century Chinese literature, and is perhaps best known for his novel Camel… … Wikipedia
Lao She — (chino: 老舍, pinyin: Lǎo Shě, Wade Giles: Lao She) (Pekín, China; 3 de febrero de 1899 Pekín; 24 de agosto de 1966) fue un escritor chino, uno de los máximos representantes de la literatura china del siglo XX. Lao She fue novelista y d … Wikipedia Español
LAO SHE — Aussi à l’aise dans la littérature dite «populaire» (minjian wenxue ), que dans la littérature tout court, Lao She est un des rares grands écrivains de la Chine moderne à avoir pratiqué presque tous les genres littéraires. Mais les deux domaines… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Lao She — (chinesisch 老舍 Lǎo Shě), (* 3. Februar 1899 in Peking; † 24. August 1966 ebenda) war ein moderner chinesischer Schriftsteller. Er wurde unter dem Namen Shū Qìngchūn (舒慶春) geboren; der ethnischen Abstammung nach war er Mandschure. Er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lao She — (chino: 老舍, pinyin: Lǎo Shě, Wade Giles: Lao She) (Pekín, China; 3 de febrero de 1899 Pekín; 24 de agosto de 1966) fue un escritor chino, uno de los máximos representantes de la literatura china del siglo XX. Lao She fue novelista y dramaturgo.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Lao She — [ ʃə], eigentlich Shu Qingchun [ʃu tçiȖtʃun], chinesischer Schriftsteller, * Peking 3. 2. 1899, ✝ ebenda 24. 8. 1966; bereiste nach einem Studium in England Europa und war in China Professor für Literatur an verschiedenen Universitäten. Er… … Universal-Lexikon
Lao She — Dans ce nom asiatique, le nom de famille, Lao, précède le prénom. Lao She (老舍, Pinyin : Lǎo Shě), (1899 1966) est le nom de plume de Shu Qingchun (舒慶春) (son nom de famille « 舒 » lui donnera son nom adulte, Sheyu 舍予) est un écrivain … Wikipédia en Français
Lao She — /low shu /, Pinyin, Wade Giles. (Shu Qingchun, Shu Ch ing ch un) 1899 1966, Chinese novelist … Useful english dictionary
She Lao — Lao She Lao She Lao She est un nom asiatique ; le nom de famille, Lao, précède donc le prénom. Lao She (老舍, Pinyin : Lǎo Shě), (1899 1966) est le nom de plume de SHU Qingchun (舒慶春) (son nom de famille « 舒 » lui donnera son nom … Wikipédia en Français
LAO — steht für: Flughafen Laoag in den Philippinen als IATA Code Laos, das Kfz Kennzeichen des südostasiatischen Staates Left Anterior Oblique, eine bestimmte Röntgenperspektive bei der Herzkatheteruntersuchung Lao bezeichnet: Lao, eine ethnische… … Deutsch Wikipedia