landgrave


landgrave
/land"grayv'/, n.
1. (in medieval Germany) a count having jurisdiction over a large territory.
2. (usually cap.) the title of certain German princes.
[1510-20; < MLG; see LAND, MARGRAVE]

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▪ title of nobility

      a title of nobility in Germany and Scandinavia, dating from the 12th century, when the kings of Germany attempted to strengthen their position in relation to that of the dukes (Herzoge). The kings set up “provincial counts” (Landgrafen) over whom the dukes would have no control and who would have rank and authority equivalent to those of dukes. Later—and more commonly—the title was given to counts in order to make them directly dependent on the king (or emperor).

      The first landgraviate was Thuringia (conferred on the Ludowing family in 1130 by King Lothar II). The title survived into the 20th century in the House of Hesse and also in a branch of the House of Fürstenberg, which acquired the landgraviate of Stühlingen in 1639.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • landgrave — [ lɑ̃dgrav ] n. m. • landegrave v. 1245; du moy. haut all. Landgrave, de Graf « comte » et Land « pays » ♦ Hist. Titre de princes souverains en Allemagne, dont l État était un landgraviat. ● landgrave nom masculin ( …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Landgrave — (Dutch landgraaf , German Landgraf ; French landgrave ; Latin comes magnus , comes patriae , comes provinciae , comes terrae , comes principalis , lantgravius ) was a title only used in the Holy Roman Empire and later on by its former territories …   Wikipedia

  • Landgrave — fue un título nobiliario usado normalmente en el Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico y después en los territorios derivados de éste, comparable al de príncipe soberano, aunque etimológicamente significa conde de un land, teniendo un deber feudal… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Landgrave — Land grave , n. [G. landgraf; land land + graf earl, count; cf. D. landgraaf, F. landgrave.] A German nobleman of a rank corresponding to that of an earl in England and of a count in France. [1913 Webster] Note: The title was first adopted by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • landgrave — s. m. 1. Título de alguns príncipes da Alemanha. 2. Magistrado que julgava pleitos em nome do imperador da Alemanha. (Aportuguesamento do alemão Landgraf.) • Feminino: landgravina …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • landgrave — Landgrave, voyez Conte …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • landgrave — (Del al. Landgraf). m. Título de honor que usaban algunos grandes señores de Alemania …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • landgrave — [land′grāv΄] n. [Ger landgraf < land, LAND + graf, a count] 1. in medieval Germany, a count having jurisdiction over a specified territory 2. later, the title of any of certain German princes landgraviate [landgrā′vē it] n …   English World dictionary

  • landgrave —   n. kind of German count.    ♦ landgraviate, n. jurisdiction of landgrave.    ♦ landgravine,   n. wife of landgrave; woman having position of landgrave …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • landgrave — (Del alem. Landgraf < land, país + Graf, conde.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 HISTORIA Título de honor de algunos príncipes soberanos alemanes. 2 HISTORIA Magistrado que administraba justicia en nombre del emperador germánico. * * * landgrave (del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LANDGRAVE — s. m. Titre, dignité de quelques princes d Allemagne. Ce nom signifie, Comte du pays. Le landgrave de Hesse …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)


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