landau


landau
/lan"daw, -dow/, n.
1. a four-wheeled, two-seated carriage with a top made in two parts that may be let down or folded back.
2. a sedanlike automobile with a short convertible back.
[1735-45; perh. named after Landau, town in Germany where first made]

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in full  Landau in der Pfalz 

      city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), southwestern Germany. Its location is picturesque, along the Queich River in the Haardt Mountains. The settlement was first mentioned in 1106, and an Augustinian monastery was founded there in 1276. Landau became a free imperial city in 1291. It was occupied by the French (1680–1815) and then granted to Bavaria in 1816. Landau is an important regional administrative and commercial centre. The city's industries include a wide range of activities, including publishing and the production of motor vehicle parts. Cattle markets are held, and there is an important wine trade. Landau's Gothic church (now Protestant) dates from 1333, St. Catherine's Chapel from 1344, and the church of the former monastery from 1405. Of the early fortifications, the Deutsches Tor (“German Gate”) remains, as do the ruins of a fortress built in 1688–91 by Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban (Vauban, Sébastien Le Prestre de), the French military engineer. The city is known for its zoo and spacious gardens and parks. Landau gave its name to the famous four-wheel town carriage (17th–18th century) with a convertible top (see landau). Portions of the University of Koblenz-Landau are located in the city. Pop. (2003 est.) 41,502.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LANDAU (L. D.) — Physicien soviétique, Lev Landau se spécialise dans les travaux sur le diamagnétisme et sur l’antiferromagnétisme, domaine nouveau qu’il est le premier à explorer. Ces recherches sur les transitions de phase le conduisent tout droit à la nouvelle …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Landau — steht für: Landau in der Pfalz, kreisfreie Stadt in Rheinland Pfalz, Deutschland Landau an der Isar, Stadt im bayerischen Landkreis Dingolfing Landau in Bayern, Deutschland Landau (Bad Arolsen), Ortsteil der Stadt Bad Arolsen im Landkreis Waldeck …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Landau — puede referire a varias poblaciones: Landau in der Pfalz, en Renania Palatinado, Alemania. Landau an der Isar, en Baviera, Alemania. Petit Landau, en el Alto Rin, en Alsacia, Francia. También puede referirse al distrito de Dingolfing Landau, en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • landau — [ lɑ̃do ] n. m. • 1791; de Landau, n. d une ville all. 1 ♦ Anciennt Voiture à quatre roues, à capote formée de deux soufflets pliants. Des landaus. 2 ♦ Voiture d enfant à grandes roues, à caisse suspendue. Pousser un landau. ● landau, landaus nom …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LANDAU — LANDAU, city in Rhenish Palatinate, Germany. Jews were first mentioned in Landau in the late 13th century. A Judengasse is noted in 1329. In 1347 there was conflict between the Jews and the townspeople, and during the black death persecutions of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Landau [1] — Landau, 1) Bezirksamtsstadt im bayr. Regbez. Rheinpfalz, an der Queich, Knotenpunkt der Linien Neustadt a. H. Weißenburg, L. Zweibrücken u.a. der Pfälzischen Eisenbahn, 188 m ü. M., bis 1870 Festung, hat eine gotische evang. Kirche (von 1285),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • LANDAU (E.) — LANDAU EDMUND (1877 1938) Mathématicien allemand né et mort à Berlin. Edmund Landau fit ses études au lycée français de cette ville, puis à son université où il suivit les cours de Georg F. Frobenius. Docteur en mathématiques en 1899, il commença …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • landau — ou landaw (lan dô) s. m. Sorte de voiture à quatre roues, dont le dessus est fermé de deux soufflets qui se replient à volonté. •   Il m a conduit jusqu à votre porte dans son landaw, où il m attend, PICARD et MAZÈRES Trois quartiers, III, 2.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Landau — Lan dau, n. [From the town Ladau in Germany; cf. F. landau. See {Land}, {Island}.] A four wheeled covered vehicle, the top of which is divided into two sections which can be let down, or thrown back, in such a manner as to make an open carriage.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • landau — /l dɔ/, it. /lan do/ s.m., fr. [dal nome della città ted. di Landau], in ital. invar. (trasp.) [tipo di veicolo trainato da cavalli] ▶◀ landò. ⇑ carrozza …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • landau — type of four wheeled carriage, 1743, from Landau, town in Bavaria where they first were made. The first element is the common Germanic element found in English LAND (Cf. land) (n.); the identity of the second is disputed. But Klein says the… …   Etymology dictionary


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