Lakehurst


Lakehurst
/layk"herrst/, n.
a borough in E New Jersey: naval air station; dirigible hangar. 2908.

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      borough (town), Ocean county, eastern New Jersey, U.S., 8 miles (13 km) northwest of the community of Toms River. It is surrounded by fish and wildlife management areas, and small Lake Horican lies within its boundaries. Originally known as Manchester, Lakehurst became a separate municipality in 1921. During the American Revolution, the area was a major industrial centre for iron and charcoal. Settlement flourished until 1850, when these industries disappeared. In 1860 the arrival of the railroad revived Manchester's economy. It became a resort town by the beginning of the 20th century.

      At Lakehurst's eastern edge is the naval air station associated in the history of flight with rigid, lighter-than-air craft. There in 1923 the Shenandoah, the first American airship, made its maiden flight, and in 1929 the Graf Zeppelin began and ended a 21-day, 21,500-mile (34,600-km), round-the-world trip. The Lakehurst station continued to serve as a terminal for transatlantic airships until 1937, when the huge German zeppelin Hindenburg burned in the air while landing, with a loss of 36 lives. Hangar One (807 feet [245 metres] long, 268 feet [82 metres] wide, and 172 feet [52 metres] high), built in 1921 and a relic of the airship era, was designated a registered historic landmark in 1968. The U.S. Navy continued to use the air station for antisubmarine blimps through World War II until 1962, when the program was abandoned. Several naval air commands, including a school for parachute riggers, now occupy the site. Welding and the manufacture of chemicals and iron castings form the borough's economic base. Pop. (1990) 3,078; (2000) 2,522.

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Universalium. 2010.

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